NSG 120 Unit 1 Terms

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alee
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NSG 120 Unit 1 Terms
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2011-01-07 20:54:56
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nursing
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Terminology for NSG 120.
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  1. Behavioral Perspective -
    A theory of human development that stresses the role of experience in shaping behavior. Learning is believed to occur as a result of external reinforcement of associations between environmental stimuli and behavioral responses. Skinner was the major advocate of behaviorism
  2. Competencies -
    • the quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually.
    • 1998 Pew Health Professions Commission recommended 21 competencies for health care professionals in the 21st century. Pg. 27 in P & P.
  3. Conceptual Framework -
    • a group of related concepts that provides an overall view or orientation to focus thoughts.
    • Purpose - to give clear direction to the three areas of nursing: Practice, Education, Research
  4. Crisis -
    • A sudden change in the course of a disease or fever, toward either improvement or deterioration.
    • An emotionally stressful event or traumatic change in a person's life.
  5. Disease -
    • A disease is an abnormal condition affecting the body of an organism.
    • It is often construed to be a medical condition associated with specific symptoms and signs.
    • It may be caused by external factors, such as infectious disease, or it may be caused by internal dysfunctions, such as autoimmune diseases
  6. Esteem -
    Esteem used as a noun implies Value, worth or reputation; often used in conjunction with Self-Esteem. Generally implies a favourable opinion, regard or respect.
  7. Experiential perspective -
    is based on the diverse characteristics of the individual and the shared meaning based on the context of the situation.
  8. Health -
    is the dynamic state of balance among human responses and internal and external stressors.
  9. Illness -
    impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism.
  10. Interaction -
    the act of some things interacting, or acting upon one another; A conversation or exchange between people.
  11. Objectives -
    something that one's efforts or actions are intended to attain or accomplish; purpose; goal; target.
  12. Pathophysiological perspective -
    includes the disordered biologic function in the direction of decompensation or illness that results from a stressor.
  13. Patterns -
    recurring events, results, etc.
  14. Perspective -
    a mental view or prospect.
  15. Philosophy -
    the rational investigation of the truths and principles of being, knowledge, or conduct.
  16. Physiological perspective -
    • includes the usual biological or normal regulatory response to a stressor.
    • When individuals respond predominantly physiological responses or compensation, they are in a state of health.
  17. Responses -
    Biology. any behavior of a living organism that results from an external or internal stimulus.
  18. Stressors -
    an activity, event, or other stimulus that causes stress.
  19. Task -
    a definite piece of work assigned to, falling to, or expected of a person; duty.
  20. Advanced Practice Nurse -
    is generally the most independently functioning nurse.
  21. Clinical Nurse Specialist -
    is an APN who is an expert clinician in a specialized area of nursing practice.
  22. Nurse Practioner -
    provides health care to a group of clients, usually in an outpatient, ambulatory care, or community-based setting.
  23. Certified nurse-midwife (CNM) -
    is an RN who is also educated in midwifery and is certified by the American College of Nurse-Midwives.
  24. Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist -
    is an RN with advanced education in a nurse anesthesia accredited program.
  25. Nurse Administrator -
    manages client care and the delivery of specific nursing services within a health care agency.
  26. Nurse Researcher -
    investigates problems to improve nursing care and to further define and expand the scope of nursing practice.
  27. LOS -
    length of stay.
  28. Prospective Payment System (PPS) -
    • established by Congress in 1983, the PPS eliminated cost-based reimbursement.
    • The PPS grouped inpatient hospital services for Medicare clients into 468 Diagnosis-related groups (DRGs).
  29. Capitation -
    means the providers received a fixed amount per client or enrollee of a health care plan.
  30. Parenteral -
    • situated or occurring outside the intestine <parenteral drug administration by intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous injection>especially : introduced otherwise than by way of the intestines <enteric versus parenteral feeding>
    • Not through the alimentary canal but rather by injection through some other route, as subcutaneous, intramuscular, intraorbital, intracapsular, intraspinal, intrasternal, intravenous, etc. Origin: Gr. Enteron = intestine.
  31. Integrated delivery networks -
    larger health care systems developed IDNs that include a set of providers and services organized to deliver a continuum of care to a population of clients at a capitated cost in a particular setting.
  32. Disease prevention -
    activities that protect people from becoming ill because of actual or potential health threats.
  33. Health promotion -
    activities that develop human attitudes and behaviors to maintain or enhance well-being.
  34. Managed care organization -
    organization that provides or contracts for specific health care services (e.g. hospital care, prescription medications).
  35. Primary care -
    provision of integrated, accessible health care services by health care professionals who address a majority of personal health care needs, develop partnerships with clients, and care for families and communites.
  36. Primary health care -
    combination of primary and public health care that is accessible to individuals and families in a community and provided at an affordable cost.
  37. Primary prevention -
    health-promoting behaviors or activities that reduce the occurance of an illness.
  38. Public health -
    community and interdisciplinary care aimed at preventing disease and promoting health.
  39. Secondary prevention -
    early diagnosis anf treatment of illness (e.g. screening for HTN).
  40. Tertiary prevention -
    care that prevents further progression of disease.
  41. Case management -
    a model of care where a case manager, usually a nurse or social worker, coordinates the efforts of all disciplines to achieve the most efficient and appropriate plan of care for the client.
  42. Discharge planning -
    begins the moment a client is admitted to a health care facilty.
  43. Critical pathway -
    a multidisciplinary treatment plan that outlines the treatments or interventions clients need to have while in the hospital for a specific condition or procedure.
  44. Restorative care -
    helps individuals regain maximal functional status and to enhance quality of life through promotion of independence and self-care.
  45. Rehabilitation -
    restores a person to the fullest physical, mental, social, vocational, and economic potential possible.
  46. Extended care facility -
    provides intermediate medical, nursing, or custodial care for clients recovering from acute illness or clients with chronic illnesses or disabilities.
  47. Skilled nursing facility -
    also called intermediate care, offers skilled care from a licensed nursing staff. Includes administration of IV fluids, wound care, long-term ventilator management, and physical rehabilitation.
  48. Nursing-Sensitive Outcomes -
    client outcomes that are directly related to nursing care.
  49. Globalization -
    • Health care consumers demand quality and service and have become more knowledgeable. They often search on the internet about their health concerns and medical conditions.
    • They also use the internet to select their health care providers.
    • Physicians and health care providers have to make their services more accessible as a result of globalization.
  50. Vulnerable populations -
    Children, women, and older adults are most threatened by urbanization. Pg. 30 in P & P.

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