med terms chap 2

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med terms chap 2
2011-01-08 11:47:12
chap med terms

med terms chap 2
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  1. abdominal cavity
    contains the major organs of digestion
  2. adenectomy
    surgical removal of a gland
  3. adenocarcinoma
    a malignant tumor that originates in glandular tissue
  4. adenoma
    a benign tumor that arises in, or resembles, glandular tissue
  5. adenomalacia
    abnormal softening of a gland
  6. adenosclerosis
    abnormal hardening of a gland
  7. anaplasia
    a change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other
  8. anatomy
    the study of the structures of the body
  9. anomaly
    a deviation from what is regarded as normal
  10. anterior
    the front or the forward part of the organ
  11. aplasia
    the lack of development of an organ or tissue
  12. bloodborne transmission
    the spread of a disease through contact with blood or other body fluids contaminated with blood
  13. caudal
    toward the lower part of the body
  14. cephalic
    toward the head
  15. chromosomes
    the genetic structures located within the nucleus of each cell
  16. communicable disease
    a disease transmitted from one person to another
  17. congenital disorder
    an abnormal condition that exists at the time of birth
  18. cytoplasm
    the material within the cell membrane that is not part of the nucleus
  19. distal
    situated farthest from the midline or beginning of a body structure
  20. dorsal
    refers to the back of the body or organ
  21. dysplasia
    abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues, or organs
  22. endemic
    refers to the ongoing presence of a disease, such as a cold, within a population, group, or area
  23. endocrine glands
    ductless glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
  24. epidemic
    a sudden and widespread outbreak of a disease within a population or group
  25. epigastric region
    the region located above the stomach
  26. etiology
    the study of the causes of diseases
  27. exocrine glands
    glands that secrete chemical substances into ducts that lead either to other organs or out of the body
  28. functional disorder
    produces symptoms for which no physiological or anatomical cause can be identified
  29. genetic disorder
    a pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene
  30. geriatrician
    a physician who specializes in the care of older people
  31. hemophilia
    a group of hereditary bleeding disorders in which one of the factors needed to clot the blood is missing
  32. histology
    the study of the structure, composition, and function of tissues
  33. homeostasis
    the process through which the body maintains a constant internal environment
  34. hyperplasia
    the enlargement of an organ or tissue because of an abnormal increase in the number of cells in the tissues
  35. hypertrophy
    a general increase in the bulk of a body part that is due to an increase in the size, but not in the number, of cells in the tissues
  36. hypogastric region
    the region of the abdomen is located below the stomach
  37. hypoplasia
    the incomplete development of a organ or tissue usually due to a deficiency in the number of cells
  38. iatrogenic illness
    an unfavorable response to medical treatment for a different disorder
  39. idiopathic disorder
    an illness without a known cause
  40. infectious disease
    an illness caused by a pathogenic organism
  41. inguinal
    • the lower region of the abdomin.
    • aka groin
  42. medial
    the direction toward, or nearer the midline
  43. mesentery
    the fused double layer of the parietal peritoneum that attaches parts of the intestine to the interior abdominal wall
  44. midsagittal plane
    an imaginary vertical plane that divides the body, from top to bottom, into equal left and right halves
  45. nosocomial infection
    a disease acquired in a hospital or clinic
  46. pandemic
    occurring over a large geographic area, possibly worldwide
  47. pelvic cavity
    the space formed by the hip bones, containing the organs of the reproductive and excretory systems
  48. peritoneum
    the membrane that protects and supports the organs located in the abdominal cavity
  49. peritonitis
    an inflammation of the peritoneum
  50. phenylketonuria
    a genetic disorder in which an essential digestive enzyme is missing
  51. physiology
    the study of the functions of the structures of the body
  52. posterior
    situated in the back or back part of the organ
  53. proximal
    situated nearest the midline or beginning of a body structure
  54. retroperitoneal
    located behind the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity
  55. stem cells
    unspecialized cells that renew themselves for long periods of time through cell division
  56. thoracic cavity
    the cavity that protects the heart and lungs (chest cavity)
  57. transverse plane
    an imaginary line that divides the body into upper and lower portions
  58. umbilicus
    the pit in the center of the abdominal wall that marks the umbilcal cord was attached before birth
  59. vector-borne transmission
    the spread of a disease due to the bite of a vector capable of transmitting that disease
  60. ventral
    refers to the front or belly side of the body or organ