Latin 3: Grammer
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How do you translate indirect statements?
- is ______ing
- has ________en
- will __________
how do you form indirect statements?
acc + infinitive after the main verb
what are the five main verbs for indirect statements?
- to think
- to know
- to consider
- to hope
- to understand
What is important to remember about the indirect statement?
perfect passive and future active infinitives must match noun (acc)
how is the present sunbjuctive translated?
how is the presesnt subjunctive formed?
- change the vowel (wE fEAr A lIAr frIAr)
- add ending (-m -s- t -mus -tis -nt)
how is the imperfect subjunctive translated?
if ________ were/was _______ing
How is the imperfect sunbjunctive formed?
present active infinitve+ -m -s -t -mus -tis -nt
Give an example of a pres act infinitive and translate.
movere to move
Give an example of a present passive infinitive and translate.
moveri to be moved
Give an example of a perfect active infinitive and translate.
Give an example of a pass perf infinitive and translate.
- motus esse
- to have been moved
Give an example of an act future infinitive and translate.
- moturus (esse)
- to be going to move
For the passive present infinitive, when do you minus the -ere?
when the verb is 3rd decl, otherwise just minus -e
What does PPP stand for?
perfect passive participle
How do you form PPPs?
Take the last principal part and match with noun
What are four helping words for PPPs?
when, because, since, although
What does PAP stand for?
present active participle
How can you recognize a PAP?
it has an -nt
How do you translate a PAP?
A PAP is a _____________ adjective.
What is "me" in all six cases?
- nom: ego
- gen: mei
- dat: mihi
- acc: me
- abl: me(cum)
What is "you" in all six cases?
- nom: tu
- gen: tui
- dat: tibi
- acc: te
- abl: te(cum)
What is "us" in all six cases?
- nom: nos
- gen: nostrum
- dat: nobis
- acc: nos
- abl: nobis(cum)
What is "y'all" in all six cases?
- nom: vos
- gen: vestrum
- dat: vobis
- acc: vos
- abl: vobis(cum)
What are the 1st decl endings for the imperative?
What are the 2nd decl endings for the imperative?
- e -ete
What are the the 3rd decl endings for the imperative?
What are the 4th decl endings for the imperative?
What are the deponent endings for the imperative?
What would you like to do?
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