Who was Charlemagne, and what did he do?
He became king of Frankish kingdom. Charlemagne means Charles the Great. He built an empire greater than any know since ancient Rome. He conquered new lands to both the south and east, and through these conquests, he spread Christianity. He reunited western Europe for the first time since the Roman empire. He became the most powerful king in western Europe. When an unruly mob attacked the pope, Charlemagne returned to Rome to crush the mob. In gratitude, Pop Leo III crowned him emperor. He strengthened his royal power by limited the authority of nobles. He encouraged learning and ordered monasteries to open schools to train future monks and priests.