WHAP chap. 17
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English philosopher, who discussed theconcept of
empiricism in his Essay Concerning Human
Understanding (1690). He influenced
political thought, esp inFrance and America,
with his Two Treatises on Governments
life liberty ....
rench political philosopher. ]Hischief works are the satirical
Lettres persanes (1721) andL'Esprit des
lois (1748), a comparative analysis of
various formsof government, which had a
profound influence on politicalthought in Europe
and the US
criticism of religion - deism god is divine clockmaker
vindication of the rights of women , subjection of wormn by men wrong
french , encyclopdeida , spread ideas of enlightenment , condemended christianity as fanatical
scottish , wealth of nations , laissez-faire ,favored capitalism
state should not interfere with economic matters
swiss , social contract-people will follow lasws and give up personal rights in exhange for security
an industry in which employees work in their
well versed in enlightenemnt abolished torture , granted limiteed free speech , complete religious tolerance
Frederick II , the great
Maria comes to throne , but Frederick II of prussia takes advange of female ruler and atteacks
war of the Austrian succession
french and indian war ....Prussia and Austria over silesia France and elgnand over colonial territory, - Brithish win and french refouces there esterna interset on southeast asia , treaty of paris
seven years war
napolean imprissoned at Elba , escaped but defeated by Brithish general at wellington at warloo 1815
governors of the spanish colonies
placed Canada and teh french lands east of miss. river in British hands France allys with sapin also had to cede Florida to Britian
Treaty of Paris
was a direct tax imposed by the British Parliament specifically on the colonies of British America.
1781-ratified loose confederation of independent states
Articles of Confederation
gave nobles charter and exempted from tax , epanded by defeationg Turks
Catherine II the great
direct tax on french pesants
commoners, skilled workers , bourgeoisie no real social mobility
the third estate
calls estate general , executed
was the first meeting since 1614 of the French Estates-General, a general assembly representing the French estates of the realm: the nobility, the Church, and the common people.
attacked by the prison , represented aristocratic and absolute power of king .......july 14th 1789
french constitution , ended surfdom , ended tax exempt nobles
declaration of the rights of man and the citizen
a jacobin who heade thte "committee of public safety" paid no attention to democratic constitution , arrested and put to death all those who did not follow revolutionarly ideas
executive government in France during the Reign of Terror (1793–1794), a stage of the French Revolution. It was set up to oversee the defense of the new republic against foreign attacks and internal rebellion.
committee of public safety
education for all , slaabery abolished price fixing , dechristinization
reign of terror
was a body of five Directors that held executive power in France following the Convention and preceding theConsulate.
seized power by military , created the consolate with napolean consul , emperor tried to invade russia
reconized the principle of equality , women still less = , religious toleration, abolished feudalism protected prperty rights
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