English Poetry terminology

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English Poetry terminology
2011-01-09 20:57:00
English Poetry terminology

English Poetry terminology
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  1. Imagery
    words and phrases used specifically to help the reader to imagine each of the senses of smell, touch, sight, hearing, and taste
  2. Metaphors
    Like a simile, a metaphor points out the resemblance between two unlike things. Does not use like or as.
  3. Simile
    Compares two unlike things using a word such as "like" or "as" to suggest similarites.
  4. Personification
    Gives human qualities to something nonhuman.
  5. Symbolism
    When one thing stands for/symbolizes another.
  6. Onomatopoeia
    Sounds used in writing.

    Ex. crack, boom, etc.
  7. Alliteration
    the repetition of consonant sounds, usually at the beginning of words.
  8. Assonance
    repetition of vowel sounds
  9. Parallelism
    the repetition of phrases or sentences that are similar in meaning or structure.
  10. The Petrarchan Sonnet
    A fourteen line poem. It consists of two parts. The first part is eight lines long, with a rhyme scheme of abbaabba. The second, six line part usually has a cdecde rhyme scheme.
  11. The Shakespearean Sonnet
    10 syllables with a stress on every other syllable. The rhyme scheme is abab cdcd efef gg.
  12. Free verse
    No fixed rhythm, rhyme scheme, or length in a poem
  13. Tone
    shows the mood of the poem.