Unit review 2

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Unit review 2
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2011-03-11 01:53:32
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  1. Which statement would be the responsibility of the medical technician during a routine patient admission to a nursing unit?
    A.Evaluate patient
    B.Transcribe doctor's orders
    C.Obtain patient's vital signs, height, and weight
    D.Obtain Patients history
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. What considerations determine the steps in the routine admission process?
    A.patients condition and cost of admissions per day.
    B.Facility policy and the patients distance from home.
    C.Patient's condition and the facility policy
    D.Facility policy and Patient's request.
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. While admitting a patient, you notice that the patient seems dizzy and unstable. What should you do?
    A.put restraints on the patient until the physician can be notified.
    B.look at the patients medications;it could be a side effect.
    C.Call the doctor to order restraints.
    D.Inform the nurse that the patient is a risk for falling.
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Who authorizes transfer of patient care for an interservice transfer?
    A.Chief Nurse
    B.Both service chiefs
    C.Recieving physician
    D.Chief of hospital services
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. During the transfer of a psychiatric patient requiring sedation, how are the patient's valuables safeguarded?
    A.An aeromedical evacuation technician signs for the property, and transfers it with the patient.
    B.Designated custodian signs for the property, and forwards the items by registered mail.
    C.Designated custodian signs for the property, and forwards the items by overnight mail.
    D.An aeromedical evacuation flight nurse signs for the property, and transfers it with the patient.
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which statement allows a patient to depart form the medical facility for a short period of time, usually between 24 and 48 hours?
    A.Discharge
    B.Absent without leave
    C.Pass
    D.Subsisting elsewhere
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Verbal orders must be countersigned by the physician within:
    A.12 hours
    B.4 hours
    C.8 hours
    D.24 hours
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The most common forms that a medical technician will be responsible for completing are the:
    A.progress notes and doctors orders
    B.Vital signs record and progress notes
    C.Intake and Output flowsheet and the Vital signs record.
    D.Blood transfusion record and Doctor's Orders
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. What is the proper method of annotating shift change totals on the DD form 792, Intake and Output worksheet?
    A.Document all totals in the Remarks section.
    B.No documentation is required at shift change.
    C.Circle the last accumulated total.
    D.Document in the Grand total block.
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. If an inpatient chart with doctor's orders for vital signs every 4 hours was blank for the day, you would assume the:
    A.Patient was likely off the unit having tests completed.
    B.doctor probably changed the orders verbally.
    C.Patient is doing well and no problems were noted.
    D.vital signs were not completed.
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which nursing activity is the main aspect of resolving nursing diagnoses?
    A.Implementing
    B.Assessing
    C.Planning
    D.Evaluating
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Relative to the nursing process, what is a client goal?
    A.A measurable change in the patient's condition.
    B.An observable change in patient behavior
    C.A realistic and measurable statement of the end results of care planning.
    D.A realistic and measurable statement of the expected change in patient behavior.
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which action is performed to help the patient reach his or her goals most effectively?
    A.Nursing interventions
    B.nursing skills
    C.Nursing diagnosis
    D.charting
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. What is a way to help relieve most of the patient's concerns prior to surgery?
    A.Preoperative teaching
    B.Oxygen Therapy
    C.Sedation
    D.Back massage
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. What has a significant impact on the patient's perceived quality of care and treatment?
    A.Number of nurses and technicians on staff
    B.Availability of a smoking lounge
    C.Professionalism and caring attitude
    D.Credentials of the surgeon
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The surgery patient is given a preoperative medication to:
    A.prevent aspiration during surgery
    B.dry mucous membranes
    C.produce an unconscious state
    D.reduce recovery time
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which surgical case would likely be performed in a Same Day Surgery clinic?
    A.Appendectomy
    B.Odonectomy
    C.Hip replacement
    D.Hysterectomy
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Without provider approval, what are the maximum minutes antiembolism stockings may be removed?
    A.45
    B.60
    C.30
    D.15
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. What precaution is taken for a postoperative patient who recieved a radioisotope implant?
    A.No precautions are necessary
    B.Lead aprons are placed on other recovery patients.
    C.Isolation is necessary
    D.A lead apron is placed over the patient
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. When performing a neurological check on a patient, which examination would indicate an appropriate response to light being flashed on the patient's eyes?
    A.EOM
    B.OPQRST
    C.ROM
    D.PERRLA
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. With regard to blood transfusions, one of your responsibilities is to document a patient's transfusion on:
    A.AF Form 2019
    B.SF 3066
    C.AF Form 3066
    D.SF 518
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. What component of blood is involved in the clotting process?
    A.Platelets
    B.Anticoagulants
    C.Packed cells
    D.Leukocytes
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. How is whole blood normally supplied?
    A.500cc Units
    B.450cc Units
    C.100cc Units
    D.250cc Units
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. What is the guideline for the maximum minutes of time from pick up to transfusion start of blood products?
    A.60
    B.30
    C.20
    D.90
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. If a patient you are monitoring is recieving a blood transfusion and you notice distended neck veins and dyspnea. What should you do first?
    A.Place the patient on his or her left side
    B.Stop the transfusion
    C.Continue to monitor, this is a normal side effect
    D.Administer 100% Oxygen
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. A post-operative patient who is agitated, thrashing violently or crying incessantly is most likely experiencing:
    A.electrolyte imbalances
    B.hyperthermia
    C.emergence delirium
    D.extreme pain
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Ideally, in what position is a patient placed before performing oropharyngeal suctioning?
    A.Modified lateral
    B.Trendelenberg
    C.semisitting
    D.Supine
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. A fracture that results from disease, such as metastatic cancer of the bone, is called
    A.pathologic
    B.traumatic
    C.hairline
    D.congenital
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Orthopaedic deformities such as a clubfoot or wryneck are catagorized as
    A.congenital
    B.pathologic
    C.infectious
    D.temporary
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Military personnel are commonly treated or hospitalized for what orthopedic problems?
    A.Inflammatory disease
    B.Congenital problems
    C.Traumatic injuries
    D.Infectious disease
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. The semi-recumbent position should be avoided over long periods of time in patients with orthopedic disorders because it
    A.causes venous stasis
    B.causes external hip rotation
    C.promotes flexion deformities of the hip
    D.causes drop foot
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. What orthopedic problem would you suspect if your patient complains of soreness or aching?
    A.Malignant tumor
    B.Psychosomatic issues
    C.Bone infection
    D.Muscular pain
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which is not a determining factor for the healing time of a bone fracture?
    A.gender
    B.circulation to the area
    C.age
    D.extent of injury
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The cramping, burning, or crushing pain complained about by amputees in their missing limb is referred to as a
    A.psychological phenomena
    B.phantom limb sensation
    C.phantom limb pain
    D.physiological phenomena
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. What equipment is essential to have at the postoperative bedside after surgical amputation of a limb?
    A.NG tube
    B.suction
    C.oxygen
    D.tourniquet
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Rehabilitation for a patient with a spinal cord injury is normally
    A.a life-long process
    B.of no use because they do not fully recover
    C.continued for up to 2 years after the final surgery
    D.continued for 6 months after the injury occured
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Turning a patient on a Stryker frame quickly after a spinal cord injury can cause
    A.disorientation
    B.cardiac arrest
    C.respiratory arrest
    D.aspiration
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. During the acute stage of the stroke the primary goal is to
    A.maintain mobility
    B.monitor vital signs
    C.stop ischemia
    D.sustain life
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. During which child development stage is seperation anxiety the most stressful?
    A.School age
    B.Early infancy
    C.Adolescence
    D.Preschool
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Which statement provides a hospitalized child with a sense of control?
    A.Strictly enforced rules
    B.Changes in daily routine
    C.Use of safety restraints
    D.Established daily rituals and routines
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. The normal adaptive mechanism used by children when they loose their sense of control is
    A.projection
    B.regression
    C.fantasy
    D.displacement
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. When caring for a child with nausea and vomiting, a primary concern would be
    A.dehydration
    B.hyperkalemia
    C.hypernatremia
    D.aspiration
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Which reason is not appropriate for restraining a child?
    A.The physician needs to suture the child's face
    B.You have other tasks to do, and no time to sit with the child.
    C.To prevent the child from falling out of a highchair
    D.The child continues to climb out of bed in the night
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. The amount of sleep required at night by elderly patients is generally
    A.the same as required by all ages
    B.more because of insufficient activity
    C.more than for youthful patients
    D.less because of frequent daytime naps
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. How would you help stimulate the appetite of an elderly patient?
    A.Bring a tray full of choices
    B.Ask the patient to try new foods
    C.Explain the importance of nutrition
    D.Cater to the patients customs
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. The first stage of dying is
    A.bargaining
    B.anger
    C.depression
    D.denial
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. What serious side effect is the result of leakage of chemotherapy from the vein into the surrounding tissues?
    A.Extravasation
    B.Embolism
    C.Phlebitis
    D.Infiltration
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. All that a person is, feels, and does is generally termed
    A.environment
    B.heredity
    C.character
    D.personality
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. What affects an individuals feeling about themselves?
    A.Socioeconomic status
    B.Opinions of others
    C.Job title
    D.Self perception
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Which psychiatric term defines an irresistible urge to perform apparently meaningless actions?
    A.anxiety
    B.compulsion
    C.delusion
    D.conflict
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Which psychiatric term defines a functional disorder where there is not gross disorganization of personality or a loss of contact with reality?
    A.neuroses
    B.delusion
    C.psychoses
    D.phobia
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. A patient who feels unloved, unneeded, inferior, and hurt displays a behavior of
    A.withdrawl
    B.anger
    C.anxiety
    D.suspicion
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. How are behavior disorders and syndromes grouped into catagories?
    A.Established criteria and patients age
    B.Severity of behavior and patients age
    C.Severity of behavior or shared characteristics
    D.Shared characteristics or established criteria
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. When does the rehabilitation process begin with a mentally ill patient?
    A.As soon as the patient is admitted
    B.Within 12 hours of admission
    C.Within 24 hours of admission
    D.During preadmission
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. What major problem affects mental health treatment?
    A.Limited nember of appointments
    B.Attitude of society
    C.Lack of adequate medication
    D.Cost of medical care
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. When observing and reporting on mentally ill patients, the most important factor to consider is
    A.conversation
    B.sleeping habits
    C.appearence
    D.behavior
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. If you see a mentally ill patient sneak out of the nursing unit, take all of the following actions except
    a.telephone for help
    b.try to describe the patient, including the patient's clothing
    c.note the direction in which the patient is heading
    d.leave the other patients to follow the escaping patient
    d.
  58. Who is at fault for the sexual abuse of a child?
    A.parents
    B..society
    C.abuser
    D.child
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. What action, if any, should you take if you notice a child you are taking care of shows signs of abuse such as burns and bruises?
    A.only report if the parent admits abuse
    B.nothing, the technician is not responsible for reporting abuse
    C.counsel the parent on his or her actions
    D.report the suspected abuse
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. What occurs in the third phase of spousal abuse?
    A.physical or verbal abuse occurs
    B.tension and stress builds
    C.counseling is sought
    D.spouse states it will never happen again
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. If a patient is being restrained, what position should he or she be in if the patient is recovering from alcohol intoxication and is extremely agitated?
    A.semi-recumbent
    B.prone
    C.high fowler's
    D.supine
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. For patients who suffer form pain, the best way to ensure a successful exercise activity program is to
    A.provide reassurance and a clear explanation of the program
    B.schedule the activitiesfor afternoon or evenings
    C.plan the activities in conjunction with pain medications
    D.begin the program early in the patient's hospital stay
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. When planning activities for patients with psychological problems, your primary goal should be to
    A.reassure the patient
    B.motivate the patient
    C.show sincere concern
    D.develop a good rapport
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. What should you do to help patients who become angry and hostile?
    A.allow them to channel their hostility through verbal expression
    B.involve the patient in group therapy sessions.
    C.allow the patient to become physically abusive
    D.refer the patient to the nurse or physician for counseling
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. To aid in preventing decubitus ulcers, patient positioning should be changed evry
    A.1 hour
    B.4 hours
    C.3 hours
    D.2 hours
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Why should your feet be parallel when you are standing?
    A.Prevent back, hip, and leg strain
    B.Maintain balance and prevent back, hip, and neck strain
    C.Prevent back, hip, and neck strain
    D.Maintain balance and prevent back, hip, and leg strain
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. Your stability increases as your center of gravity moves closer to your
    A.head
    B.internal girdle
    C.axis
    D.base of support
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. Which technique for moving the patient up in bed is not used for a patient who has back or chest injuries
    A.two-person
    B.shoulder-lift
    C.two-person with drawsheet
    D.one-person
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. When turning a patient, what is the most important precaution to take whether you are pushing or pulling the patient?
    A.rasie the near side rail
    B.do not push too hard
    C.raise the far side rail
    D.lock the wheels on the bed
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  70. When transferring patients, you can reduce the chance of injury to yourself by
    A.locking the beds and wheelchairs before the transfer
    B.using good teamwork and proper body mechanics
    C.knowing the patient's weight and capabilities prior to the transfer
    D.explaining the procedure to the patient prior to the transfer
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. A patient's feet must be placed on the floor or a footstool during "dangling" to prevent
    A.embolism
    B.the patient from falling out of bed
    C.pressure on the back of the legs
    D.pulmonary hypertension
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. Which devices can be used to slide a patient from the bed to a stretcher?
    A.roller board and patient hoist
    B.drawsheet and patient hoist
    C.drawsheet and trapeze
    D.drawsheet and rollerboard
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. When helping a patient to ambulate, how should you stand and where should you place your hands?
    A.beside and a little behind the patient with one hand on the patient's waist and one hand under the patient's near arm
    B.beside the patient with one hand on the patient's waist and one hand under his or her near arm
    C.beside and a little behind the patient with your near arm interlocked with the patient's near arm
    D.beside the patient with your near arm interlocked with the patient's near arm
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. Which is a safe, stable gait that can be used by patients who can bear weight on both legs?
    A.three-point
    B.swing-through
    C.two-point
    D.four-point
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. Which gait is used by patients who can bear full body weight on one foot and partial or no weight on the other?
    A.two-point
    B.three-point
    C.four-point
    D.swing-through
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. Isometric exercises are activities that involve
    A.muscle relaxation without any body movement
    B.muscle contraction with body movement
    C.muscle contraction without body kovement
    D.muscle relaxation without body movement
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. Care must be taken to ensure patients do not hold their breath while performing isometric exercises as that may cause
    A.heart attack
    B.muscle strain
    C.dizziness
    D.acidosis
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. What diet is usually ordered for patients who have difficulty chewing or swallowing, or need to alter the amount of residue in the digestive tract?
    A.liquid
    B.soft
    C.regular
    D.bland
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. The diet taht is inadequate in all nutrients and should not be given for more than 3 days is the
    A.full liquid
    B.clear liquid
    C.mineral-restricted
    D.soft diet
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. What should the solution temperature be during gastric gavage?
    A.lukewarm
    B.chilled
    C.hot
    D.room temperature
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  81. To prevent rapid decompression of the urinary bladder, the maximum amount of urine to remove during catherization is between
    A.650 to 900cc
    B.550 to 800cc
    C.750 to 1000cc
    D.850 to 1100cc
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  82. During catheterization of a female patient, how many inches(how far) is the catheter inserted for placement in the urinary bladder?
    A.3-4
    B.4-5
    C.2-3
    D.5-6
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. The urinary catheter is pinched prior to removal from the bladder to
    A.prevent air from entering into the bladder
    B.eliminate any possible pain tot eh patient
    C.prevent dripping of urine on the bed linen
    D.prevent the risk of contamination of the catheter tip
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. For what lenght of time in minutes should the patient reatin the solution of a cleansing enema?
    A.10
    B.1
    C.5
    D.20
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  85. the patient's colostomy bag should be changed when it is
    A.full
    B.3/4 full
    C.1/3 full
    D.1/2 full
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. What is the normal arterila oxygen saturation range?
    A.95% to 98%
    B.89% to 91%
    C.85% to 88%
    D.92% to 95%
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  87. For patients using a nonrebreathing mask, the inspired oxygen concentration is
    A.60-90%
    B.40-50%
    C.80-100%
    D.30-40%
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. Which mask is suggested for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD)?
    A.simple
    B.positive pressure
    C.venturi
    D.nonrebreathing
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  89. Before performing tracheostomy care, you would first
    A.put on your nonsterile gloves
    B.remove the dirty dressing
    C.assess the stoma for patency
    D.untie the neck strings
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  90. This is usually described by the patient as a jumping, pounding, or stopping of the heart within the chest
    A.syncope
    B.fibrillation
    C.palpitations
    D.flutter
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  91. When preparing a patient for insertion of a central venous pressure line, what maneuver is taught to the patient to decrease the chance of an air embolism?
    A.vagal
    B.valsalva
    C.allen
    D.webber
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  92. For insertion of a central venous pressure line into a neck vein, in what position should the patient be placed?
    A.right lateral recumbent
    B.trendelenburg
    C.supine
    D. left lateral recumbent
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  93. How many minutes should you irrigate a chemical burn to the eye?
    A.30
    B.10
    C.5
    D.20
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  94. There is a high rate of success for tooth replacement if a dentist carries out the procedure within how many minutes of the accident?
    A.40
    B.10
    C.30
    D.20
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  95. How are corneal abrasions detected?
    A.fluoroscein stain
    B.venogram
    C.x-rays
    D.angiogram
    A.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  96. Damage to the epidermis with possible damage to the dermis and its appendages is classified as what type of burn?
    A.severe thickness
    B.full thickness
    C.partial thickness
    D.superficial
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  97. When caring for a patient with electrical burns at a facility, your first priority is
    A.to apply sterile dressings to the burn sites
    B.evaluate extent of the burn
    C.infection control
    D.management of the patient's airway
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  98. How would you apply a dressing with with the intention of debriding a wound?
    A.dry
    B.wet to dry
    C.wet
    D.wet to wet
    B.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  99. What reflex action would be caused if you leave a heat treatment in place for a prolonged period of time?
    A.Haab's reflex
    B.Babinski's reflex
    C.reflex vasodialation
    D.reflex vasoconstriction
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  100. When applying a cold treatment, how long should you leave it in place?
    A.40-50 minutes
    B.10-20 minutes
    C.20-30 minutes
    D.30-40 minutes
    C.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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