Social Problems

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Social Problems
2010-02-02 11:00:38
Social Problems

First Test
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  1. Personal Problems
    One who causes and solutions lie within the individual and his or her immediate environment
  2. Social Problem
    One who causes and solutions lie OUTSIDE the individual and the immediate environment
  3. Structural Functionalism and its parts
    A sociological theoory that focuses on social systems and how their independent parts maintain order

    Parts are: Institution, Norms, Roles, and Values
  4. Institution
    A collective pattern of dealing with a basic social function
  5. Norms
    Shared expectations about behaviors
  6. Role
    The behavior assoicated with a particular position in the social structure
  7. Values
    Things preferred because they are defined as having worth
  8. Confluct Theory
    Where society is a system of diverse groups, with conflicting values and interests, vying with each other for power, wealth, and other valued resources. Focuses on inequalities.
  9. Symbolic Interaction and its parts
    Society is an arena of interacting individuals who behave in accord with their definitions of situations and who create shared messages as they interact.

    Parts are: Attitudes and Ideology
  10. Attitudes
    A predisposition about something in ones environment
  11. Ideology
    A set of ideas that explain or justify some aspect of social reality or life.
  12. Multiple Levels of Social Problems
    • Individual levelss
    • Group levels
    • Social levels
    • Global levels
  13. Critical Thinking
    The process of carefully attending to spoken or weritten information in order to evaluate its validity
  14. Fallacy of dramatic instance
    Overgeneralizing; to use one, two, or three cases to support an entire agrument
  15. Fallacy of Retrospective Determinism
    The agrument that things could have not worked out any other way than which they did
  16. Fallacy of Misplace Concreteness
    Making something abstract into something concrete
  17. Fallacy of Personal Attack
    Agrument by attacking the opponent personally rather than dealing with the issue. Did not have enough facts.
  18. Fallacy of Appeal to Prejudice
    Agrument by appealing to popular prejudices or passions. Convincing others that we are correct.
  19. Fallacy of Circular Reasoning
    The use of conclusions to support the assumptions that were nessesary to make the conclusions.
  20. Fallacy of Authority
    Agrument by an illegitimate appeal to authority
  21. Fallacy of Composition
    The assertion that what is true of the part is nessarily true of the whole
  22. Fallacy of Non-Sequitur
    Something that does not follow logically from what has precided itl
  23. Addiction
    Repeated use of a drug or alcohol to the point of periodic or chronic intoxic ation that is determental to the user or society
  24. Abuse
    Improper use of drugs or alcohol to the degree that the consquences are defined as detrimental to the user or society
  25. Four Symptoms of Alcholism
    • Craving or compulsion to drink
    • Loss of control to limit drinking
    • Physical dependence when drinking stops
    • Tolerance- The need to drink increasingly greater amounts to get high
  26. Predatory Crime
    Acts that have victims who suffer loss of property or some kind of physical harm
  27. Crime Index
    • Murder and non-negligent manslaughter- willful killing of a person
    • Aggravated Assault- an unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe bodily injury
    • Forcible Rape- Defined as actual or attempted sexual intercouse through the use or force or threat of force
    • Robbery- the use of force or threat of force to take something of value
  28. Crime Index (continued)
    • Burglary- the unlawful entry of a structure to committ a felony or theft
    • Larceny Theft- unlawful taking or stealing of property or articles without the use of force, violence, or fraud
    • Motor Vehicle Theft- both actual and attempted theft of any motor vehicle
    • Arson- willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn with or without intent to defraud
  29. The nations first juvenile court was established...
    In 1899, in Chicago, Illinois
  30. Three Types of Juveniles
    • Youthful Offenders- those who engage in behavior for which adults can be tried in criminal court
    • Status Offenders- those who violate juvenile court code rather than the criminal code. (ex: runaways and breaking curfew)
    • Minors in Need of Care- those who are neglected or abused and are in need of the courts care
  31. Violence
    Use of force to kill, injure, or abuse others
  32. J Curve Theory of Revolution
    A widening gape between what people want and what they get leads to a revoluntionary situation
  33. What grade do kids began to experiment with drugs?
    3rd Grade
  34. Socioeconomic Status
    Position in the social system based on economic resources, power, education, prestige, and lifestyle
  35. Why does society approve violence?
    To maintain social order
  36. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
    Alcohol related defect
  37. Child Savers
    Helped establish the juvenile court system
  38. Uniform Crime Reports
    The resources used to measure crime stastics; published by the FBI