Pharmacology Anti-inflammatory Medications.txt

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TrishaNicole
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58929
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Pharmacology Anti-inflammatory Medications.txt
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2011-01-10 03:53:40
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Pharmacology Anti inflammatory Medications
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Pharmacology Anti-inflammatory Medications
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  1. DEXAMETHASONE
    (dex-a-meth-a-sone)
    (Decadron, Decadron-LA, Decadron Phosphate)


    Corticosteroid
    • SIDE EFFECTS:
    • Depression, flushing, sweating, hypertension, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal distention, increased appetite

    • NURSING CONSIDERATIONS:
    • Treatment of inflammation, allergies, neoplasms, cerebral edema, septic shock, collagen disorders
    • PO: take with food, milk, antacids
    • IV: Use sodium phosphate form not acetrate phosphate not acetate (injection suspension)
    • IM: Shake suspension well give deep int gluteal URQ
    • avoid deltoid.route sites
    • Excessive consumption of licorice can increase risk of hypokalemia
    • Eat food high in protein, calcium, vitamin d, avoid sodium
    • Contact clinician if anorexia, difficulty if difficulty breathing, weakness, dizziness
    • Contact clinician if black tarry stools, slow wound healing, blurred vision, bruising, bleeding, weight gain, emotional changes
    • Wear identification tag
    • RX: Preg Cat C
  2. HYDROCORTISONE
    (hy-dro-kor-tih-sone)
    (Cortef, Solu-Cortef)


    Corticosteroid
    • SIDE EFFECTS:
    • Depression, flushing, sweating, hypertension, nausea, diarrhea

    • NURSING CONSIDERATIONS:
    • Treatment of sever inflammation, septic shock, adrenal insufficiency, ulcerative colitis, collagen disorders
    • Med masks signs of infection so check for elevated temperature, WBC count
    • PO: take with food, milk, antacids
    • IM: Give deep into gluteal UDQ, avoid deltoid route sites avoid subQ administration since it may damage tissue
    • Rectal: for colitis retain med for 20 minutes onset 3-5 fays
    • Wear medial identification tag
    • RX: Preg Cat C
  3. METHYLPREDNISOLONE, PREDNISOLONE
    (meth-ill-pred-niss-oh-lone, pred-niss-oh-lone)
    (Medrol, Prelone, Cortalone)


    Cortocosteroid
    • SIDE EFFECTS:
    • peptic ulcer possible preforation, hypertension and circulatory problems, poor wound healing depression, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal distention

    • NURSING CONSIDERATION:
    • Treatment of severe inflammation, imunosupression, neoplasms, shock, adrenal insufficiency, management of acute spinal cord injury, collagen disorders
    • PO: Take with food, milk, antacids
    • PO: duration 18-36 hours
    • IM: give deep into gluteal UOQ avoid deltoid, route sites, avoid subQ administration since it may damage tissue
    • IM: duration 1-4 weeks
    • Eat food high in protein, calcium, vitamin D, avoid sodium
    • Contact clinician if anorexia, difficulty breathing, weakness, dizziness, symptoms may appear during periods of stress or trauma
    • Contact clinician if black tarry stools, slow wound healing, blurred vision, bruising, weight gain, emotional changes
    • Wear medical identification tag
    • RX: Preg Cat c
  4. PREDNISONE
    (pred-ni-sone)
    (Cordol, Deltasone, Predacort)


    Corticosteroid
    • SIDE EFFECTS:
    • Peptic ulcer/possible perforation, depression, hypertension, circulatory problems, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal distention

    • NURSING CONSIDERATIONS:
    • Treatment of sever inflammation, immunosupression, neoplasms, multiple sclerosis, collagen disorders dermatologic disorders
    • PO: Take with food, milk, antacids
    • PO: peak 1-2 hours, duration 1-1/2 days
    • Eat food high in protein, calcium, vitamin D, avoid sodium
    • Contact clinician if anorexia, difficulty breathing, weakness, dizziness, symptoms may appear during periods of stress or trauma
    • Contact clinician if black tarry stools, slow wound healing, blurred vision, bruising, bleeding, weight gain, emotional changes
    • Excessive consumption of licorice can increase risk of hypokalemia
    • Wear medical identification tag
    • RX: Preg Cat C
  5. NABUMETONE
    (nay-boom-eh-tone)
    (Refalen)


    Nonsteroidal anti inflammatory
    • SIDE EFFECTS:
    • Abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, flatulence, tinnitus,edema

    • NURSING CONSIDERATIONS:
    • Used to manage symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
    • Take with food or milk
    • contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to other NSAIDs
    • Alcohol may increase ulcerogenic effects if used concurrently, may take 2 weeks or more to notice improvement
    • RX: Preg Cat C
  6. IBUPROFEN
    (eye-boo-proe-fen)
    (Motrin, Advil)


    Nonsteroidal Anti-Anflamatories
    • SIDE EFFECTS:
    • Peptic ulser/possible perforation, depression, hypertension, circulatory problems, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal distortion

    • NURSING CONSIDERATIONS:
    • Teratment of severe inflammation, immunsuppression, neoplasms, multiple sclerosis, collagen disorders, dermatologic disorders
    • PO: Take with food, milk, antacids
    • PO: peak 1-2 hours duration 1- 1/2 days
    • Eat food high in protein, calcium, vitamin D, avoid sodium
    • Contact clinician if anorexia, difficulty breathing, weakness, dizziness, symptoms may appear durring periods of stress or trauma.
    • Contcat clinician if black tarry stools, slow wound healing/bleeding, blurred vision, weight gain, emotional changes excessive consumption of licorice can increase risk of hypokalemia.
    • Wear medical identification tag
    • RX: Preg Cat C
  7. NAPROXEN
    (na-prox-en)
    (Naprosyn, Anaprox, Anaprox-Dx, EC-Naprosyn, Aleve (otc))

    Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory
    • SIDE EFFECTS:
    • Abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, flatulence, tinnitus, edema

    • NURSING CONSIDERATIONS:
    • Used to manage symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
    • Take with food or milk
    • Contraindicatedin patients with hypersensitivity to NSAIDs
    • Alcohol may increase ulcerogenic effects if used concurrently
    • May take 2 weeks or more to notice improvement
    • RX: Preg Cat C

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