Lecture 2- test 1

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Lecture 2- test 1
2011-01-10 22:20:26

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  1. What level is the posterior intermediate sulcus?
  2. What are the three paired regions, or funiculi of the white matter?
    lateral funiculus (between anterior lateral and posterior lateral sulci)

    posterior funiculus (between posterior median and posterior lateral sulci)

    anterior funiculus (between anterior median fissure and anterior lateral sulci)
  3. What is recognized at the T1-L2/L3 level?
    Intermediolateral Cell Column
  4. What are the three main functions of the brainstem?
    Relay info between the cerebrum and spinal cord

    integrate information

    regulate vital functions (respiration, HR, consciousness, & arousal)
  5. What is the groove between the pons and medulla?
    bulbopontine sulcus (pontomedullary junction)
  6. List components of the ventral brainstem:
    • cerebral peduncles
    • interpeduncular fossa
    • basilar pons
    • pyramids
    • olives
    • anterior median fissure
    • olivary sulci (pre and post olivary)
  7. List components of the dorsal brainstem:
    • colliculi & brachi
    • cerebellar peduncles (superior, middle, & inferior)
    • rhomboid fossa (hypoglossal trigo and vagal trigo within fossa)
    • tubercula (gracilis and cuneatus)
  8. Cranial Nerves associated with smell:
    I (olfactory)
  9. Cranial nerves associated with vision and eye movements:
    • II (optic)
    • III (oculomotor)
    • IV (trochlear)
    • V (trigeminal)
    • VI (abducens)
    • VII (facial)
  10. Cranial nerves associated with taste:
    • VII (facial)
    • IX (glossopharyngeal)
    • X (vagus)
  11. Cranial nerves that are pure motor nerves:
    • III (oculomotor)
    • IV (trochlear)
    • VI (abducens)
    • XI (accesory)
    • XII (hypoglossal)
  12. Cranial nerves that are pure sensory nerves:
    • I (olfactory)
    • II (optic)
    • VIII (vestibulocochlear)
  13. Cranial nerves that are mixed- motor and sensory:
    • V (trigeminal)
    • VII (facial)
    • IX (glossopharyngeal)
    • X (vagus)
  14. Cranial nerves with parasympathetic functions:
    • III (oculomotor)
    • VII (facial)
    • IX (glossopharyngeal)
    • X (vagus)
  15. What are the functions of the cerebellum?
    • muscle tone regulation
    • coordinated movement
    • postural control
    • motor learning
  16. The thalmus, hypothalmus, epithalamus and subthalmus are part of what region of the brain?
    Diencephalon: which is a paired region with right and left side... Epithalamus is the only single one
  17. The telencephalon is considered to be what:
    the "brain"
  18. Frontal lobe is what part of the brain?
    Rostral to central sulcus
  19. Parietal lobe is what part of brain?
    Central sulcus to imaginary line from lateral or sylvian fissure
  20. What is formed by imaginary line from parietooccipital sulcus and the preoccipital notch at the back of the brain?
    Occipital Lobe
  21. What is the temporal lobe formed by???
    interior to lateral fissure