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What is evidence?
Reason's why the author thinks his main point is correct.
What is the Conclusion?
the authors main point, what he wants to convince you of.
The One-Sentence test
The sentence that the author's argument cannot live without is the conclusion.
The connection between evidence and conclusion
- -makes the argument work
- -closes logical gap in argument
- -the missing piece of evidence
Evidence + Assumption = Conclusion
- Step 1Identify the question type
- Step 2
- Untagle the stimulus
- Step 3
- Make a Prediction
- Step 4
- Evaluate the answer choices
Sufficient > Necesary
Trigger >than> Result
Forming the Contrapositive
The logical equivalent of th "If then" statment
Steps to forming the Contrapositive
- 1) Reverse the terms
- 2) Negate each terms
- 3) "and" becomes "or"; "or" becomes "and"
The Kaplan 5-Step Method for Logic Games
- Step 1: Overview
- Answer four key questions to set up the games structure
- Step 2: Sketch
- Create a simple & effective picture of the setup and the action
- Step 3: Rules
- Make sketch work, think of what each rule means and doesn't mean
- Step 4: Deductions
- Combine rules with common elements , figue out everything that is true
- Step 5: Question
- Attack the question systematically
Step 1: Overview
- 4 Key Questions
- What is the situation?
- EX: Horsetrack
- What are the entities?
- EX: 6 horses
- What action do I need to perform?
- EX: Sequencing
- What are the Limitations?
- EX: one horse per position, 1-6 positions
Step 4: Making Deductions
- Blocks of entities: Entities that move together
- Limted Options: when a game is reduced to just two possible scenarios
- Established entities: Entities that are placed definitively
- Numbers: # of constraints on the game that create opportunities for deductions
- Duplications: when an entity or position appears in more than one role
Hold off on Complete & Accurate list Questions till last