Card Set Information
Vital Signs Terms Blood Pressure Terms
Nursing Arts Vital Signs Terminology Blood Pressure
Abnormal heart rhythm.
Hardening, thickening and loss of elasticity (narrowing) of the arterial wall.
Narrowing of the arterial lumen caused by deposits of fatty plaques along the internal wall of the artery.
Force exerted by the blood against the arterial/vessel wall.
When the heart contracts and relaxes
Total amount of circulating blood.
Amount of blood ejected from the heart per minute.
Lowest pressure against wall of the artery, during relaxation of the ventricle of the heart.
Elevated blood pressure (in hypertensive range) without known cause.
Diastolic measurement over 80mm.
Blood pressure lower than the normal range - 80mm systolic is necessary for renal perfusion.
Sounds or beats heard through the stethoscope while cuff is being deflated. First sound heard represents systolic, last sound heard represents diastolic.
Blood pressure elevates a small amount over the normal range, from time to time, without cause. Patient should be watched for development of hypertensive symptoms.
Progressive hypertension which produces severe symptoms and has a poor prognosis if left untreated.
Curved surface at the top of column of liquid in a tube.
Palpatory Blood Pressure
Method of obtaining BP whereby brachial or radial artery is palpated while deflating the BP cuff.
Opposing force of the vessel against the blood; pertaining to ther health and elasticity of the vessel.
Instrument used for measurement of arterial blood pressure.
Instrument used for auscultation of Korotkoff sounds.
Amount of blood ejected from heart per contraction.
Represents pressure exerted on arteries during heart contraction (when at its highest).
Thickness of blood; ease with which blood flows through the vessel.