political system. Nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to the king. Nobles owe loyalty and military service to the king and protection to the people who live on their estates.
First family of Chinese rulers who left written records. Constantly in war.
Overthrew the Shang, adopted much of their culture. Created Mandate of Heaven, established feudalism.
Scholar, wanted to restore the order and moral living of earlier times to his society. Society could be restored if based around five basic relationships, which were based upon the family.
respect for parents and ancestors.
philosophy based on Laozi. Taught that people should be guided by a universal force called the Dao.
Two powers represent the natural rh ythms of life. Yin = cold, dark, soft, and mysterious. Yang = warm, bright, hard, and clear.
Legalist ideas. Great Wall was built. Autocracy established. Standards were set.
First ruler of the Qin Dynasty. Used legalist ideas to unify China. Nobles brought to capital so he could watch them. Confucian scholars killed. Books burned. Established autocracy. Set the same standards. Buitl Great WAll.
A government that has unlimited power and uses it in an arbitrary manner.
Collections of prayers, magical spells, and instructions for performing rituals for the Aryans.