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Seven taxa in order from kingdom to species
kingdom phylom class order family genus species
Which are more closely related members of the same? family or genus
Discipline of classifying organisms
Idea that living organisms come from other living organisms
Similarities of modern taxonomisits use to classify living things
Membrane cytoplasm nuclear
Which kingdom contains bacteria?
similar structures that show common ancestory
What is natural selection?
Individuals adapting to survive "survival of the fittest"
Difference between food chain and food web
Web- shows realtionships
chain- shows energy being transferred
Organisms that perform photosynthesis? where are they located in energy pyramid?
Autotrophs at the very bottom
Symbiosis (3 types)
2 or more species living together
Function of arm
hold up microscope
function of base
holds microscope at bottom
function body tube
connects eye piece to objective lens
what you look through
what do lenses of microscope do?
Flips object upside down and backwards
what is a hyphothesis that is supported by experimentation
How do you calculate total magnification?
eye piece x objective lens
define sexual and asexual reproduction
s- 2 people have offspring
as- no ganemites involved in genes
Sum of all chemical processes that occur in all organisms
Molecular formula for glucose
c6 h12 o6
What makes a compound organic?
Containing carbon; proteins carbs lipids nucleic acids
Function of carbohydrates like glucose?
What are enzymes?
Increase chemical reacion
Where are acids and basis on the pH scale?
acids are low bases are high
Whhhat are electrically charged atoms?
Atoms with more protons
What are atoms with a diff number of neutrons but same # of protons?
What other info does the atomic number tell you?
Number of protons
Bond between metallic and non metallic
when electrons are shared
HOw many diff amino acids are there?
What elements are found in proteins?
Carbon hydrogen oxygen and nitrogen
Two types of molecules that make up the cell membrane
Phospholipids and protein
What is the function of the mitochondria
Powerhouse of cell
What diff between plant and animal cells
Chloroplast and cell wall
Diffusion of water through selectively permeable membrane
Which direction will water move if there is less water on the right and more on the left? Why won't it reach equilibrium?
Right; doesn't have starch solution on other side
Thin structure which encloses a cell and controls what enters and leaves
What is the mass of fibers within the nucleus of cells?
JElly like substance provides meduim for chemical raction to happen
1. All organisms are made of a cell(s)
2.Cells are alike in structure and composition
3.All cells carry similar functions which keep them a line
4. Cells come from other living cells
Which organelle packages and distributes proteins?
What happens to a cell in hypotonic solution?
Lower concentration of solute
What happens to a cell in hypertonic solution?
Difference between passive and active
Passive no energy required and active needs energy
What is phagocytosis?
Engulfs the cell
LIst the properties of a cell membrane
Selectively permeable, bi lipid layer, protein, allows things to go in/out
4 structures found in ALL cells
cell membrane nucleus cytoplasm ribosomes
making of glucose
Cellular respiration equation
c6 h12 o6 + 6o2 ---enzymes--- 6H20 + 6co2 + ATP
which molecule in the cell traps and releases energy in controlled amounts?
using light energy to make organic compounds
Auto- makes own food
hetero- eat to get energy
What is the green pigment which absorbs light energy in photosynthesis
Aerobic and anaerobic diffference
aer- with air
ana- no air
What compound causes sore muslces from anaerobic respiration
What happens when a phosphate is removed from ATP?
turns into adp and loses energy
what tissure transports water in a plant
what tissue transports food (sugar) in a plant?
what part of the leaf is the waxy coating on the upper surface?
the protoplasm of the nucleus of a cell.
first to record observing cells and built the first rough microscope
Small sacs with powerful digestive chemicals and built the first rough microscope
What are the large clear flouid filled sacs used for storage
What is the rigid outer structure made of cellulose in plant cells