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2011-01-12 01:51:04

Music Definitions
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  1. Ethnomusicology
    field of study usually defined as the study of music in culture, or the study of music as culture, a way of organizing human activity
  2. Ethnic
    of or pertaining to a social group within a cultural and social system that claims or is accorded special status on the basis of complex, often variable traits including religious, linguistic, ancestral or physical characteristics
  3. Pitch
    the highness or lowness of sound: the pitch height is determined by frequency of a set number of cycles per second
  4. Scale
    series of pitches arranged in order from low to high or high to low
  5. Tonic
    the first and main note of a key or scale; may also be called keynote
  6. Pitch Range
    distance between the highest and lowest tones an instrument or a given voice can produce
  7. Half Step
    closest recognized distance in Western European music
  8. Whole Step
    twice the distance of a half step
  9. Interval
    distance between any two notes or tones
  10. Melody
    a series of single notes that add up to a recognizable whole
  11. Harmony
    how chords are constructed and how they follow each other
  12. Chords
    combination of three or more tones sounded at once
  13. Octave
    the eighth tone of a scale; acoustically, the tone with twice the frequency of the home tone (2/1 ratio as in Do to Do, Re to Re, etc.)
  14. Tuning systems
    what cultures use as distance factors (markers) between pitches (ie. half step, slides, pitch ranges); which part of the pitch range is considered pleasing
  15. Dynamics
    degrees of loudness and softness
  16. Transcription
    to notate music; the notating of music which has been only in an oral tradition; can also mean to rewrite music which was originally for one group of instruments for another group of instruments
  17. Musical Form
    the shape of a musical selection, its structure Examples include strophic form (AAA): through composed: call and response, etc.
  18. Syncretic
    to combine differing beliefs; the attempt or tendency to combine or reconcile differing beliefs as in philosophy or religion
  19. Acculturation
    the coming together of two cultures: term is often used in reference to non-Western cultures coming in contact with western cultures. Also, the effect in music of bringing together selected musical characteristics from two cultures to form a new or greatly modified style of music
  20. Functional
    music with a specific purpose that is aligned with its performance (examples include specific music that accompanies work, rituals, dance, etc.)
  21. Oral tradition/Oral transmission
    teaching by speaking, singing, or playing. Knowledge is passed by listening to and observing knowledgeable persons within a given culture. There are often people within a given culture that are viewed as the keepers of the culture
  22. Aural transmission
    to learn by hearing, is often referred to in writings about oral transmission