MOD C unit 1 Test

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Author:
KaalaB
ID:
5945
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MOD C unit 1 Test
Updated:
2010-02-02 23:06:41
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Digestion
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Description:
Digestive System
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  1. Post
    after
  2. Megacolon
    condition of extremely large colon
  3. postprandial
    pertaining to after meal
  4. Dyspepsia
    Difficulty in Digestion
  5. Where do peristaltic waves occur
    esophagus (swallowing. forcing food into esophagus and stomach)
  6. Hepatitis
    inflammation of the liver
  7. pancreatits
    inflammation of the liver
  8. the pancreas is primarily what kind of organ
    exocrine
  9. Dentalgia
    toothache
  10. amylase
    enzyme that breaks down starch
  11. Buccal
    pertaining to the cheek
  12. where does the esophagus end?
    stomach
  13. Rectocele
    hernia of part of the rectum into the vagina
  14. what is the medical term for baby teeth?
    How many permanent teeth do we have?
    • Deciduous.
    • 32.
  15. Proctologist.
    procto-log-ist
    one who specializes in the study of the anus/rectum.
  16. Sialadenitis
    inflammation of salivary gland
  17. salivary glands produce __ liters of saliva qd (everyday)
    1.5 Liters
  18. gastroenterology
    study of stomach and intestine
  19. where is chime produced?
    stomach
  20. How many major sections does the LARGE intestine have?
    • 4.
    • -cecum-colon
    • -anal cavity-rectum
  21. how many regions does the SMALL intestines have?
    • 3.
    • DuodenumJejunum
    • ileium
  22. where are the sublingual glands located?
    under the tongue [beneath the mucus membrane]
  23. colonoscopy
    exam of upper portion of the colon
  24. How long does a patient fast before having a colonoscopy?
    24 hrs. (1 day)
  25. Colostomy
    Creation of new opening in colon
  26. 3 main functions of digestive system:
    • 1. absorption
    • 2. digestion
    • 3. elimination
  27. Small mass of masticated food ready to be swallowed is called?
    bolus
  28. First portion of the SMALL intestines:
    duodenum
  29. Largest Glandular organ in body
    Liver
  30. Accumulation of serous fluid in he peritoneal cavity:
    ascites
  31. what is found in the oral cavity?
    • -Buccal (form the sides of chamber [mouth])
    • -Labia (lips)
    • -Gingivae (gums)
    • -hard/soft palates (providing roof of oral cavity [top of mouth])
    • -Tongues (forms the floor)
    • -Enzymes in oral cavity (saliva)
  32. Parts of the gastrointestinal tract (GI Tract) and location of each:
    -oral cavity => mouth- rectum

    • -pharynx => throat-anus
    • -Esophagus => food canal
    • -stomach =>LUQ of abdominal cavity under diaphragm
    • -small intestine
    • -large intestine
  33. chyme
    soupy mixture of bolus and stomach gland secretions
  34. Villi
    finger-like projections that helps things move along digestive tract
  35. where is bile produced and stored?
    Liver
  36. absorption:
    movement of small organics into interstial fluid
  37. digestion
    chemical breakdown of food into small molecules
  38. elimination
    eliminating waste from the body
  39. pre
    before
  40. ano
    anus
  41. -ase
    enzyme
  42. enter
    intestine
  43. emesis
    vomitting
  44. medical term for indigestion
    dyspepsia
  45. mega-
    larger
  46. medical term for toothache
    dentalgia
  47. how long is the large intestine?
    small intestine?
    • 1.5 meter.
    • 6 meters.
  48. functions of the liver?
    • 1. regulate metabolism
    • 2. largest blood reservoir in the body
    • 3. removes aged/damaged RBC's, debris, toxins, and pathogens from blood
    • 4. cells synthesize plasma proteins that determine osmotic blood concentration, nutrient transportation, established blood clotting, and complement system
  49. what type of organ is the pancreas?
    what system does it fall into?
    • exocrine.
    • endocrine.
  50. functions of the digestive system:
    • -ingestion/ digestion/ absorption/ excretion
    • -mechanical & chemical breakdown
  51. steps food takes when being eaten
    • ingestion (food into mouth) => mechanical processing (chewing) =>digestion (chemical breakdown)
    • =>secretion (release enzymes) => absorption (movement of organic molecules) => excretion (elimination)

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