Anatomy Chapter 04

Card Set Information

Author:
LaizyDaizy79
ID:
59474
Filename:
Anatomy Chapter 04
Updated:
2011-04-11 22:34:53
Tags:
Human Anatomy
Folders:

Description:
The Classification of the Human Species
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user LaizyDaizy79 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What is the variety of organisms considered at all taxonomic levels as well as the ecosystems which they are a part of?
    biodiversity
  2. Define biodiversity.
    The variety of organisms considered at all taxonomic levels as well as the ecosystems which they are a part of.
  3. What is Wilson's argument for maintaining biodiversity?
    • Biodiversity is our most valuable but least appreciated resource.
    • It can provide sources of medicine, fiber, food, latex, genes, ecotourism, & ecosystem services.
  4. At what rate does Dr. Wilson estimate biodiversity is being lost?
    • 27,000 per year
    • 74 per day
    • 3 per hour
  5. What's taxonomy?
    the science of classification, especially of organisms
  6. What is the science of classification, especially of organisms?
    taxonomy
  7. What is a taxon?
    The named taxonomic unit to which individuals, or sets of species, are assigned.
  8. What is "the named taxonomic unit to which individuals, or sets of species, are assigned?
    a taxon
  9. What is the plural of taxon?
    taxa
  10. What is a category?
    in taxonomy, one of the ranks of classification
  11. In taxonomy, what is one of the ranks of classifaction?
    a category
  12. List the eight basic taxonomic categories.
    Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, & Species
  13. The following are characteristics of the domain our species is a part of. What is the domain?
    Cells with a membrane-bound nucleus and membranous organelles.
    Eukarya
  14. What taxon that our species is classified within has the following characteristics: Cells with a membrane-bound nucleus and membranous organelles.
    Eukarya
  15. The following are characteristics of the kingdom our species is a part of. What is the kingdom?:
    Multicellular. No cell walls or chlorophyll. Nutrition principally ingestive. Digestion in an internal cavity.
    Animalia
  16. What taxon that our species is classified within has the following characteristics: Multicellular. No cell walls or chlorophyll. Nutrition principally ingestive. Digestion in an internal cavity.
    Animalia
  17. The following are characteristics of the phylum our species is a part of. What is the phylum?:
    Notochord. Dorsal tubular nerve cord. Pharyngeal pouches and gill slits. Postanal tail.
    Chordata
  18. What taxon that our species is classified within has the following characteristics: Notochord. Dorsal tubular nerve cord. Pharyngeal pouches and gill slits. Postanal tail.
    Chordata
  19. These are the characteristics of the class that our species is a part of. What is the class?:
    Mammary glands. Hair. 3 ear ossicles. Heterodont dentition. Squamosal-dentary jaw articulation. Attached placenta. Well developed facial muscles. Muscular diaphragm. Four-chambered heart with a left aortic arch.
    Mammalia
  20. What taxon that our species is classified within has the following characteristics: Mammary glands. Hair. 3 ear ossicles. Heterodont dentition. Squamosal-dentary jaw articulation. Attached placenta. Well developed facial muscles. Muscular diaphragm. Four-chambered heart with a left aortic arch.
    Mammalia
  21. These are characteristics of the order that our species is a part of. What is the order?:
    Large cerebral hemispheres. Orbits surrounded by bone directed forward. Limbs with ball-&-socket articulations. Pentadactyl with an opposable thumb toe in most. Nails flattened. Tail present or absent.
    Primate
  22. What taxon that our species is classified within has the following characteristics: Large cerebral hemispheres. Orbits surrounded by bone directed forward. Limbs with ball-&-socket articulations. Pentadactyl with an opposable thumb toe in most. Nails flattened. Tail present or absent.
    Primate
  23. The following are characteristics of the family our species is a part of. What is the family?:
    Large. Upright posture. Tail absent. Hind limbs longer than arms. Thumb opposable, but not big toe.
    Hominidae
  24. What taxon that our species is classified within has the following characteristics: Large. Upright posture. Tail absent. Hind limbs longer than arms. Thumb opposable, but not big toe.
    Hominidae
  25. The following are characteristics of the genus our species is a part of. What is the genus?:
    Minimum brain capacity of the adult is 600-700 cc. Flattened face. Prominent chin and nose with inferiorly positioned nostrils.
    Homo
  26. What taxon that our species is classified within has the following characteristics: Minimum brain capacity of the adult is 600-700 cc. Flattened face. Prominent chin and nose with inferiorly positioned nostrils.
    Homo
  27. The following are characteristics of the species we are classified as. What is the species?:
    Minimum brain capacity in the adult of 1200 cc. Hind limbs long relative to forelimbs. Small face. Short cranium. Reduced body hair.
    Homo sapiens
  28. What taxon that our species is classified within has the following characteristics: Minimum brain capacity in the adult of 1200 cc. Hind limbs long relative to forelimbs. Small face. Short cranium. Reduced body hair.
    Homo sapiens
  29. What is the scientific name of our species?
    Homo sapiens
  30. Within what genus is our species classified?
    Homo
  31. Within what family is our species classified?
    Hominidae
  32. Within what order is our species classified?
    Primate
  33. Within what class is our species classified?
    Mammalia
  34. Within what phylum is our species classified?
    Chordata
  35. Within what kingdom is our species classified?
    Animalia
  36. What domain is our classified within?
    Eukarya

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview