Anatomic Relationship Terms

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Author:
wahlquist1981
ID:
59477
Filename:
Anatomic Relationship Terms
Updated:
2011-01-12 18:52:21
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wahlquist
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Description:
Anatomic Relationship Terms
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  1. anterior (ventral)
    Refers to forward or front part of the body or forward part of an organ
  2. posterior (dorsal)
    Refers to back part of a body or organ (note, however, that the superior surface of the foot is referred to as the dorsal surface)
  3. caudad
    Refers to parts away from the head of the body
  4. cephalad
    Refers to parts toward the head of the body
  5. superior
    Refers to nearer the head or situated above
  6. inferior
    Refers to nearer the feet or situated below
  7. central
    Refers to midarea or main part of an organ
  8. peripheral
    Refers to parts at or near the surface, edge, or outside of another body part
  9. medial
    Refers to parts toward the median plane of the body or toward the middle of another body part
  10. lateral
    Refers to parts away from the median plane of the body or away from the middle of another body part to the right or left
  11. superficial
    Refers to parts near the skin or surface
  12. deep
    Refers to parts far from the surface
  13. distal
    Refers to parts farthest from the point of attachment, point of reference, origin, or beginning; away from center of body
  14. proximal
    Refers to parts nearer the point of attachment, point of reference, origin, or beginning; toward the center of the body
  15. external
    Refers to parts outside an organ or on the outside of the body
  16. internal
    Refers to parts within or on the inside of an organ
  17. parietal
    Refers to the wall or lining of a body cavity
  18. visceral
    Refers to the covering of an organ
  19. ipsilateral
    Refers to a part or parts on the same side of the body
  20. contralateral
    Refers to a part or parts on the opposite side of the body
  21. palmar
    Refers to the palm of the hand
  22. plantar
    Refers to the sole of the foot
  23. dorsum
    Refers to the top or anterior surface of the foot or to the back or posterior surface of the hand

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