one who aids/abets/encourages/counsels another to commit a crime.
They are responsible for any crimes counseled on or that were committed if foreseeable/probable factors: -presence at the scene/ companionship before/after the offense
CL distinction between principals/ accessories:
Principal 1st degree- one who commits the crime by own hand/inanimate agency/ innocent human agent.
Principal 2nd degree- by reason of A&A, not present actually/constructively at moment of perpetration
Accessory before the fact- by reason of A&A, present actually or constructively at the moment of perpetration
- Accessory after the fact- w/ knowledge of the
- other’s guilt renders assistance to a felon in the effort to hinder detection, arrest, trial, or punishment.