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Renal Cell Carcinoma AKA:
Main symptom of renal cell carcinoma is?
About what percentage of all renal cell carcinoma's involve calcifications?
What percentage of Hypernephroma's containing calcium are malignant?
5 year survival rate of hypernephroma:
How is Hypernephroma visualized on CT?
Since kidney is a vascular structure (show up light) but center could be avascular (which would be dark)
in US how does Hypernephroma appear?
has internal echoes.
change of echoes by how dense the mass is
What is a
It is a malignant tumor of the kidney that grows in young children
Tumors usually show up?
between 2-4 yrs old
Nephroblastoma arises from what type of tissue?
embryonic renal tissue
5 year survival rate with treatment for nephroblastoma is?
85-90% (Wilm's tumor)
What is a neuroblastoma?
Tumor of adrenal medullary origin that is the 2nd most common malignancy in children
Different than Nephroblastoma!
renal vein thrombosis is what?
occlusion of the renal vein
Renal vein thrombosis unilateral or bilateral?
can be either one
Causes of Renal vein thrombosis in Children
Causes of Renal vein thrombosis in Adults
complication of renal disease
thrombus from vena cava
carcinoma of the bladder originates where?
Bladder carcinoma is called
urothelial carcinoma (previously known as transitional cell carcinoma)
What sex is Bladder carcinoma found predominately in?
Men over the age of 50
What is the 4th most common cancer in men?
AKA Urothelial Carcinoma
Acute Renal failure is....
sudden, has rapid deterioration of kidney function
Sudden drop in urine volume
less than 400ml of urine output in a 24hr period
What is there an accumulation of in the blood of patients with acute renal failure?
Nitrogen containing waste
What characteristic odor can be smelled on acute renal failure patient's breath?