CHAPTER 5 STUDY GUIDE
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CHAPTER 5 STUDY GUIDE
group of persons who seek to control gov through winning of elections and holding of public office
republican and democratic
strong support of their party and its policy stands
one without world wide voter support
two party system
republican and democratic, parties with the reasonable chance of winning
single member district
electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each elected office
largest number of votes cast for the office
when two major parties find common ground
one consisting of many distinct cultures and groups
general agreement among various groups
temporary alliance of several groups who come together to form a working majority
what is the point of a coalition?
to gain control of gov
people eligible to vote
narrow minded concern for or devotion to the interests of one section of the country
based on particular beliefs
single issue party
focus on one public-policy matter
economic protest party
demand better times, based on economical discontent
split away from major parties
unit into which cities are divided for election of city councilmembers
smalled unit of election administration
what is the two party system a product of?
history, tradition, electoral sys
what do multiparty systems provide?
more choice for the electorate but less stable gov
where did the first american political parties originate from?
ratifying the constitution
when was the single party era?
when and what is the era of divided gov?
1968, neither major political party consistently in power
what makes up the minor parties?
ideological, single issue, economic protest, splinter
where do minor parties play a big role in?
critics and innovators
why has major parties decentralize structure?
federalism, divisive nominating process
what are the four basic elements at national level of both major parties and national convention?
national comittee, chairperson, congressional campaign committee
people who usually vote the party ticket
why are parties in decline?
many vote split ticket, and identify themselves as major party members
what were the first opposing political parties
federalists and antifederalists
what did the framers want?
unified country, saw parties as factions
what do single member parties do to minor parties?
who supported the constitution?
Feds., create strong national gov
Antifederalists are known as...
republicans or demo-reps
era of democrats
1800-1860 whig party,
era of republicans
1860-1932 civil war began, supported by business and financial , farmers, laborers
what do minor parties act as during elections?
what does the national committee do?
hadle party affairs