Chapter 3 flashcards.txt

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Chapter 3 flashcards.txt
2011-01-13 01:12:59
World Music

Chapter 3 - rhythm and loudness
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  1. Rhythm
    How music is organized in time.
  2. Psychological time
    The way we perceive time passing (i.e. something boring seems to last twice as long)
  3. Clock time
    The way time actually passes.
  4. Notes
    Discrete events where loudness and pitch change
  5. Beat
    Regular division of time that is the grid that music fits within.
  6. Nonpulsatile
    Music that defies interpretation of a period pattern of notes.
  7. Nonmetric
    Music that defies interpretation of a period pattern of notes.
  8. Quasi-pulsatile
    Notes of more or less the same length follow each other, but the rhythm is hard to pin down to a constant pulse.
  9. Tempo
    The rate at which the beat passes by
  10. Accelerando
    Gradual speedup of temp
  11. Ritardando
    Gradual slowing down of tempo
  12. Rallentando
    Gradual slowing down of tempo
  13. Meter
    The way in which beats are organized in a piece of music. An organization of beats, divisions of beats, and groupings of beats into distinct levels of the passage of time.
  14. Triple meter
    Meter that groups beats into threes
  15. Duple meter
    Meter that groups beats into twos
  16. Compound meter
    Meter that divides beats in three
  17. Simple meter
    Meter that divides the beat in two
  18. Syncopation
    The metrical stress of a note is displaced in the meter so that the emphasis occurs on normally unstressed beats and carry through stressed beats
  19. Accent
    Shifted stress by playing them more loudly or giving them a harder attack
  20. Loudness
    Volume of the music. Artful contrasts in loudness often make effective musical expression.
  21. Dynamics
    The use of loudness as a musical element
  22. Crescendo
    Gradual increase in loudness
  23. Decrescendo
    Gradual decrease in loudness