Adv.MedT.Ch5.PartsOfTheBody

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angelp29
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Adv.MedT.Ch5.PartsOfTheBody
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2011-01-14 04:07:42
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Adv MedT Ch5 PartsOfTheBody
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Adv.MedT.Ch5.PartsOfTheBody (Ch5, P.155-160)
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  1. an/o
    anus

    • perianal
    • -around the anal
  2. append/o
    appendix

    • appendectomy
    • -excision of the appendix
  3. appendic/o
    appendix

    • appendicitis
    • -inflammation of the appendix
  4. bucc/o
    cheek

    • buccal mucosa
    • -A mucosa is a mucous membrane lining cavities or canals that open to the outside of the body.
    • -inner lining of the cheeks.
  5. cec/o
    cecum

    • cecal
    • -the first portion of the large intestine.
  6. celi/o
    belly, abdomen

    • celiac
    • -Abdomin/o and lapar/o also mean abdomen. With combining forms that have the same basic meaning, no rule exists for the proper usage of one or the other. You will learn to recognize each in its proper context.

    -relate to the abdomen
  7. cheil/o
    lip

    • cheilosis
    • -Labi/o also mean lip.

    -cracking of the corners of the mouth.
  8. cholecyst/o
    gallbladder

    • cholecystectomy
    • -surgical removal of gallbladder.

    -Don't confuse cholecyst/o with cyst/o, which means urinary bladder!
  9. choledoch/o
    common bile duct

    • choledochotomy
    • -incision in the common bile duct.
  10. col/o
    colon, large intestine

    • colostomy
    • -to cut into the large intesting and bring one end thru the abdominal wall.

    -The suffix -stomy, when used with a combining form for an organ, means an opening tot he outside of the body. A stoma is an opening between an organ and the surface of the body.
  11. colon/o
    colon

    • colonic
    • -infusion of water into the rectum to clean colon

    • colonoscopy
    • -to look into the colon
  12. dent/i
    tooth

    • dentibuccal
    • -relate to cheek or teeth

    -Odont/o also means tooth.
  13. duoden/o
    duodenum

    • duodenal
    • -the first part of the small intestine
  14. enter/o
    intestines, usually small intestine

    • enterocolitis
    • -inflammation of the colon and small intestine.

    • enteroenterostomy
    • -to cut and connect two parts of intestine together.
    • -New opening betw. two previously unconnected parts of the small intestine. This is an anastomosis, which is any surgical connection betw. two parts, susch as vessels, ducts, or bowel segments (ana = up, stom = opening, -sis = state of)

    • mesentery
    • -the lining membrane that hold the organs together.
    • -Part of the double fold of peritoneum that stretches around the organs in the abdomen, the mesentery holds the organs in place. Literally, it lies in the middle (mes-) of the intestines, a membrane attaching the intestines to the muscles wall at the back of the abdomen.

    • parenteral
    • -injecting patient nutrition via the veins
    • -Par (from para-) means apart from in this term. An intravenous line brings parenteral nutrition directly into the bloodstream, bypassing the intestinal tract (enteral nutrition). Parenteral injections may be subcutaneous or intramuscular as well.
  15. esophag/o
    esophagus

    • esophageal
    • -tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach.
  16. faci/o
    face

    • facial
    • -relate to the face
  17. gastr/o
    stomach

    • gastrostomy
    • -excision into the stomach.
  18. gingiv/o
    gums

    • gingivitis
    • -inflammation of the gum.
  19. gloss/o
    tongue

    • hypoglossal
    • -the area under the tongue

    -Lingu/o also means tongue.
  20. hepat/o
    liver

    • hepatoma
    • -cancer in the liver
    • -Also hepatocellular carcinoma.
  21. ile/o
    ileum

    • ileocecal sphincter
    • -Also called the ileocecal valve.
    • -The ileocecal valve is at the very end of the small intestine (ileum)
    • -passage that prevents backward flow of material
    • -allows materials to pass from ileum into large intestine

    • ileitis
    • -inflammation of the small intestine

    • ileostomy
    • -procedure to bring small intesting outside the body.
  22. jejun/o
    jejunum

    • choledochojejunostomy
    • -An anastomosis (surgical joining).
    • -The surgical formation of a communication between the common bile duct and the jejunum.

    • gastrojejunostomy
    • -This is part of a gastric bypass procedure.
    • -surgical creation of an anastomosis between the stomach and jejunum.
  23. labi/o
    lip

    • labial
    • -the lip of the vagina.
  24. lapar/o
    abdomen

    • laparoscopy
    • -incision in belly to look at the abdomen
    • -A form of minimally invasive surgery (MIS).
    • -Ex.,
    • **laparoscopic cholecystectomy
    • (procedure in which the gallbladder is removed by laparoscopic techniques)
    • **laparoscopic appendectomy.
    • (a minimally invasive surgical technique to remove the appendix)
  25. lingu/o
    tongue

    • sublingual
    • -refer to underneath the tongue
  26. mandibul/o
    lower jaw, mandible

    • submandibular
    • -below the jaw
  27. odont/o
    tooth

    • orthodontist
    • -Orth/o means straight.
    • -dental specialist in straightening the teeth, braces, etc.

    • periodontist
    • -dental specialist in gum diseases.

    • endodontist
    • -Performs root canal therapy.
    • -dental specialist in root canal.
  28. or/o
    mouth

    • oral
    • -Stomat/o also means mouth.
    • -the mouth
  29. palat/o
    palate

    • palatoplasty
    • -Procedure to repair cleft palate and cleft lip; repair of a cleft palate.
    • -plastic reconstruction of the roof of the mouth.
  30. pancreat/o
    pancreas

    • pancreatitis
    • -inflammation of the pancreas.
  31. peritone/o
    peritoneum

    • peritonitis
    • -inflammation of the peritoneum
  32. pharyng/o
    throat

    • pharyngeal
    • -part of the throat

    • palatopharyngoplasty
    • -Used to treat cases of snoring or sleep apnea caused by obstructions in the throat or nose.
  33. proct/o
    anus and rectum

    • proctologist
    • -study of anus and rectum.
  34. pylor/o
    pyloric sphincter

    • pyloroplasty
    • -surgery to open wide betw. lower portion of the stomach and small intestine.
  35. rect/o
    rectum

    • rectocele
    • -a tear of rectum into the vagina.
  36. sialaden/o
    salivary gland

    • sialadenitis
    • -inflammation of the salivary gland.
  37. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon

    • sigmoidoscopy
    • -to look into the rectum and sigmoid colon.
  38. stomat/o
    mouth

    • stomatitis
    • -inflammation of the mouth.
  39. uvul/o
    uvula

    • uvulectomy
    • -to cut into the uvula (mouth)

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