Adv.MedTerm.Ch5.DigestiveSys.Substances

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angelp29
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59562
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Adv.MedTerm.Ch5.DigestiveSys.Substances
Updated:
2011-01-14 04:21:25
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Adv MedTerm Ch5 DigestiveSys Substances
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Adv.MedTerm.Ch5.DigestiveSys.Substances (P.159-160)
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  1. amyl/o
    starch

    • amylase
    • -The suffix -ase means enzyme.
    • -several digestive enzymes that break down starch.
  2. bil/i
    gall, bile

    • biliary
    • -The biliary tract includes the organs (liver and gallbladder) and ducts (hepatic, cystic, and common bile ducts) that secrete, store, and empty bile into the duodenum.
  3. bilirubin/o
    bilirubin (bile pigment)

    • hyperbilirubinemia
    • -excessive bilirubin (yellowish pigment) or waste product results from the break down of hemoglobin molecules from worn out red blood cell.
  4. chol/e
    gall, bile

    • cholelithiasis
    • -Lith/o means stone or calculus; -iasis means abnormal condition.

    -stone in gallbladder or bile duct.
  5. cholorhydr/o
    hydrochloric acid

    • achlorhydria
    • --Absence of gastric juice is associated with gastric carcinoma.

    -low or lack of gastric acid in the stomach.
  6. gluc/o
    sugar

    • gluconeogenesis
    • -Liver cells make new sugar from fats and proteins.

    -the process of converting non-carbohydrate carbon into glucose for energy use.
  7. glyc/o
    sugar

    • hyperglycemia
    • -high blood sugar
  8. glycogen/o
    glycogen, animal starch

    • glycogenolysis
    • -Liver cells change glycogen back to glucose when blood sugar levels drop.

    -the break down of glycogen (carbohydrates) in the liver to glucose.
  9. lip/o
    fat, lipid

    • lipoma
    • -tumor in adipose (soft) tissue.
  10. lith/o
    stone

    • lithogenesis
    • -the forming of kidney stones.
  11. prote/o
    protein

    • protease
    • -enzymes that break down protein.
  12. sial/o
    saliva, salivary

    • sialolith
    • -stone formed in salivary gland.
  13. steat/o
    fat

    • steatorrhea
    • -Improperly digested (malabsorbed) fats will appear in the feces.

    -excessive fat in stools (feces).

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