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2011-01-14 04:19:05
Adv MedT Ch5 DigestiveSys Term

Adv.MedT.Ch5.DigestiveSys.Term (P.159-160)
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  1. colon
    large intestine
  2. gallbladder
    small sac under the liver; stores bile
  3. cecum
    first part of the large intestine
  4. anus
    end of the digestive tract opening to the outside of the body
  5. jejunum
    second part of the small intestine
  6. esophagus
    tube connecting the throat to the stomach
  7. ileum
    third part of the small intestine
  8. liver
    large organ located in the RUQ; secretes bile, stores sugar, produces blood proteins
  9. pharynx
  10. sigmoid colon
    lower part of the colon
  11. duodenum
    first part of the small intestine
  12. pancreas
    organ under the stomach; produces insulin and digestive enzymes
  13. villi
    microscropic projections in the walls of the small intestine
  14. parotid
    salivary gland near the ear
  15. pyloric sphincter
    ring of muscle at the end of the stomach
  16. pulp
    soft, inner section of a tooth
  17. enzyme
    chemical that speeds up reactions and helps digest foods
  18. bilirubin
    pigment released with bile
  19. insulin
    harmone produced by endocrine cells of the pancreas
  20. peristalisis
    rhythm-like contraction of the muscles in the walls of the gastrointestinal tract
  21. emulsification
    breakdown of large fat globules
  22. canine
    pointed, dog-like tooth medial to premolars
  23. sialadenectomy
    removal of a salivary gland
  24. pharyngeal
    pertaining to the throat
  25. rectocele
    hernia to the rectum
  26. hepatomegaly
    enlargement of the liver
  27. palatoplasty
    surgical repair of the roof of the mouth
  28. postprandial
    after meals
  29. proctoscopy
    visual examination of the anal and rectal region
  30. etiology
    study of the cause (of disease)
  31. choledochotomy
    incision of the common bile duct
  32. dentibuccal
    pertaining to teeth and cheek
  33. enteropathy
    disease condition of the small intestine
  34. choledochojejunostomy
    new opening between the common bile duct and the jejunum
  35. perianal
    pertaining to surrounding the anus
  36. colostomy
    new opening from the colon to the outside of the body
  37. submandibular
    under the lower jaw
  38. proctologist
    treats disorders of the anus and rectum
  39. urologist
    operates on the organs of the urinary tract
  40. orthodontist
    straightens teeth
  41. endodontist
    performs root canal therapy
  42. oral surgeon
    operates on the mouth and teeth
  43. nephrologist
    treats kidney disorders
  44. gastroenterologist
    diagnoses and treats gastrointestinal disorders
  45. periodontist
    treats gum disease
  46. colorectal surgeon
    operates on the intestinal tract
  47. appendicitis
    inflammation of the appendix
  48. colitis
    inflammation of the large intestine
  49. esophagitis
    inflammation of the passageway from the throat to the stomach
  50. peritonitis
    inflammation of the membrane surrounding the abdomen
  51. cholecystitis
    inflammation of the gallbladder
  52. ileitis
    inflammation of the third part of the small intestine
  53. pancreatitis
    inflammation of the pancreas
  54. gingivitis
    inflammation of the gums
  55. hepatitis
    inflammation of the liver
  56. stomatitis
    inflammation of the mouth
  57. sialadenitis
    inflammation of the salivary gland
  58. enterocolitis
    inflammation of the small and large intestines
  59. hyperglycemia
    high level of blood sugar
  60. cheilitis
    inflammation of the lip
  61. parenteral
    pertaining to administration of medicines and fluid by mouth
  62. mucosa
    mucous membrane
  63. defecation
    explusion of feces from the body through the anus
  64. glycogenolysis
    breakdown (conversion) of starch to sugar
  65. mesentery
    fan-like membrane that connects the small intestine to the abdominal wall
  66. portal vein
    large vessel that takes blood to the liver from the intestines
  67. anastomosis
    new surgical connection between structures or organs
  68. biliary
    pertaining to bile ducts
  69. gluconeogenesis
    process of forming new sugar from proteins and fats
  70. hyperbilirubinemia
    high levels of bile pigment in the bloodstream
  71. hematochezia
    passage of bright red blood from the rectum
  72. steatorrhea
    fat in the feces
  73. melena
    black, tarry stools; feces containing digested blood
  74. ascites
    abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
  75. borborygmus
    rumbling noise produced by gas in the GI tract
  76. flatus
    gas expelled through the anus
  77. nausea
    an unpleasant sensation in the stomach and a tendency to vomit
  78. dysphagia
    difficulty in swallowing
  79. jaundice
    yellow-orange coloration of the skin and other tissues

  80. hiatal hernia
    protrusion of the upper part of the stomach through the diaphragm
  81. dysentery
    painful, inflamed intestines caused by bacterial infection
  82. hemorrhoids
    swollen, twisted veins in the rectal region
  83. peptic ulcer
    open sore or lesion of the mucous membrane of the stomach or duodenum
  84. ileus
    loss of peristalsis (wave-like contractions that move food along the digestive tract).
  85. volvulus
    twisting of the intestine on itself
  86. esophageal varices
    swollen, varicose veins on the surface of the distal portion of the esophagus
  87. diverticulosis
    a condition of abnormal outpouchings in the intestinal wall
  88. ulcerative colitis
    chronic inflammation of the colon with destruction of its inner surface.
  89. intussusception
    telescoping of the intestines
  90. cholecystolithiasis (gallstone)
    calculi in the sac that stores bile
  91. cirrhosis
    chronic degenerative liver disease with scarring resulting from alcoholism or infectious hepatitis
  92. irritable bowel syndrome
    symptoms (diarrhea or constipation, abdominal pain, bloating) associated with stress and tension, but without inflammation of the intestine