POS1570

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kieu
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59714
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POS1570
Updated:
2011-02-20 17:04:52
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Study guide Test american government
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Study guide for Test #1
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  1. In a representative democracy citizens make all governmental decisions.

    True or False?
    Fasle
  2. The Mayflower Compact was written by the Pilgrims who landed in New
    England & sought a system where laws rather than an oligarchy or a
    dictator would rule their society.

    True or False?
    True
  3. __________ led 2500 farmers against Massachusetts militia forces.

    A) Edmund Randolph
    B) Daniel Shays
    C) Thomas Paine
    D) Daniel Boone
    B) Daniel Shays

    Shay's Rebellion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Power determines the outcome of conflicts over governmental decisions; it charts the course of public policy.

    A) True
    B) False
    A) True
  5. Belgium is a nation with a constitutional monarchy.

    A) True
    B) False
    A) True
  6. The Articles of Confederation government was successful because it conentrated power in the central (national) government.

    A) True
    B) False
    B) False
  7. In Federalist #10, James Madison explains why

    A) many small nations are preferable to one large one.
    B) only the propertied elite should have voting rights.
    C) women should not have the same rights as men.
    D) one large nation is preferable to many small ones.
    D) one large nation is preferable to many small ones.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. What ideals were embodied in the Declaration of Independence in addition to the list of grievances against Britain?

    A) iron triangle
    B) disturbance theory
    C) natural rights & social contract
    D) checks & balances
    C) natural rights & social contract
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. __________ led colonists to unrest and demands for greater freedom from British rule.

    A) Great Squeeze
    B) Acts for Trade
    C) all of the above
    D) Coercive (Intolerable) Acts
    C) all of the above
  10. Among the compromises on the US Constitution ratified in 1790, the document provides for

    A) abolition of slavery.
    B) a plural executive.
    C) unicameral national Congress.
    D) shared powers among branches & layers.
    D) shared powers among branches & layers.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Reproductive freedom was championed by use of the courts, lobbying and grassroots mobilization pathways.

    A) True
    B) False
    A) True
  12. The French scholar ____ traveled throughout the US in the 1830s and
    found a distinctive political culture based on shared values about the
    role of government and political participation.

    A) John Locke
    B) Martin Van Buren
    C) Gunner Myrdal
    D) Alexis de Tocqueville
    D) Alexis de Tocqueville
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Opportunities to participate, especially to vote, have greatly declined during the past 50 years.

    A) True
    B) False
    B) False
  14. Which demographic group is predicted to have grown by more than 2% (from among the total U.S. population) in 2020?

    A) Whites
    B) Hispanics
    C) Asians
    D) African Americans
    B) Hispanics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The "American Creed" is an example of political culture, as it
    incorporates both citizens' personal values and their shared ideas
    about how to be governed.

    A) True
    B) False
  16. A) True
  17. Randolph utilized several pathways to influence government policies regarding racial equality, especially on labor issues.

    A) True
    B) False
    A) True
  18. According to Freedom House, which of the following nations has the
    lowest level of political rights (closest to 7 on a scale of 1 - 7)?

    A) Saudi Arabia
    B) United States
    C) Kenya
    D) Mexico
    A) Saudi Arabia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following is NOT a source of a nation's political culture?

    A) origins of the nation
    B) a nation's distinct subcultures
    C) future goals
    D) religion
    C) future goals
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. In what presidential year, between 1960 and 2005, did voting turnout in the United States reach its lowest point?

    A) 1996
    B) 1984
    C) 1972
    D) 2004
    A) 1996
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The Lobbying pathway is directed at members of Congress and state
    legislatures as well as permanent employees in the executive branch
    agencies.

    A) True
    B) False
    A) True
  22. Even as a court of last resort, the U.S. Supreme Court still has
    original jurisdiction over certain cases pertaining to conflicts between
    governments of two states, as outlined in the Constitution Article III.

    A) True
    B) False
    A) True
  23. Civil
    lawsuits can seek orders from judges requiring governments,
    corporations, or individuals to take specific actions or to refrain from
    behavior that violates the law.

    A) True
    B) False
    A) True
  24. The court-centered pathway is often most attractive to

    A) large corporations.
    B) ordinary citizens.
    C) small interest groups.
    D) government agencies.
    C) small interest groups.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. The courts' power of ________ is not expressly described in the
    Constitution but was artfully articulated by Chief Justice John Marshall
    in Marbury v Madison, 1803.

    A) judicial review
    B) impeachment
    C) stare decisis
    D) appellate jurisdiction
    A) judicial review
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Lower courts petition the Supreme Court to hear a case by requesting the Supreme Court issue a 'writ of certiorari'.

    A) True
    B) False
    A) True
  27. Over 8000 petitions (requests for appeal) are made to the Supreme
    Court each year but only ____ are accepted for oral arguments by the
    Supreme Court.

    A) 50-70
    B) under 50
    C) 70-80
    D) about 200
    C) 70-80
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Federal Courts that have only original jurisdiction and handle both civil and criminal cases are

    A) 94 US district courts of appeals.
    B) 52 state supreme courts.
    C) 40 state courts of appeals.
    D) 13 US courts of appeals.
    A) 94 US district courts of appeals.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Ruth Bader Ginsburg is the second woman to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court.

    A) True
    B) False
    A) True
  30. Gulf Coast Community College is located in the 9th federal appellate circuit.

    A) True
    B) False
    B) False

    Florida is located in the 11th federal appellate circuit
  31. What is the term length of judges serving on the U.S. Court of Appeals?

    A) 10 years
    B) life
    C) 5 years
    D) 20 years
    B) life
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. The "strict scrutiny" test is applied to equal protection cases involving fundamental freedoms & racial discrimination.

    A) True
    B) False
    A) True
  33. The 1989 Texas v. Johnson case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court pertained to what area of the First Amendment?

    A) freedom to petition for redress of grievances
    B) freedom of speech and symbolic expression
    C) freedom of assembly
    D) freedom of the press
    B) freedom of speech and symbolic expression
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The 1973 U.S. Supreme Court decision in the Miller v California
    case dealt with the issue of obscenity & outlined a three-part test
    for determining when works have violated community standards.

    A) True
    B) False
    A) True
  35. Which provision of theFifth Amendment has NOT been incorporated to provide protection against actions by state and local officials?

    A) the right against double jeopardy
    B) the right to a grand jury
    C) the right against compelled self-incrimination
    D) the right to change venue of trial to prevent bias
    B) the right to a grand jury
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The first amendment allows the US government to establish a national religion.
    A)
    B)
    B)


  37. The Supreme Court's ruling in Mapp v Ohio (1961) applied the 'exclusionary rule' to all state courts.
    A)
    B)
    A)
  38. To secure a nationwide guarantee of the right to vote, women's rights advocates used grassroots mobilization, lobbying & elections pathways.

    A)
    B)
    A)
  39. Lawrence v. Texas

    A)
    B)
    C)
    D)
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. The U.S. Supreme Court's majority opinion in the 1896 Plessy v Ferguson case overturned longstanding racial segregation laws known as "Jim Crow" laws or 'separate but equal' services & facilities.

    A)
    B)
    B)
  41. The Bill of Rights did not apply to state & local government actions until





    A)
    B)
    C)
    D)
    D)


  42. By 2008 people tend to learn about candidates less from local TV news programs and more from Internet than they did in 2000.
    A)
    B)
    A)
  43. The ___________, which regulates television and radio broadcasts, has the authority to impose fines for profanity and sexual content.
    A)
    B)
    C)
    D)
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Yellow Journalism was demonstrated by reformers practicing investigative journalism in order to address important problems in society.

    A)
    B)
    B)
  45. The Supreme Court ruled against prior censorship/prior restraint (also studied in chapter 5) in which case?

    A)
    B)
    C)
    D)
    A)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)


  46. Essential to democracy, mass media performs which of the following valuable functions?

    A)
    B)
    C)
    D)
    C)


  47. 'Libel' is publication of false and malicious material that defames an individual's reputation and is not protected free speech.
    A)
    B)
    A)


  48. Independent media disseminating information that allows citizens to make responsible and informed decisions and serves as a check on governmental officials is known as

    A)
    B)
    C)
    D)
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Public concerns stem from the fact that no one can check the media's selection of news. The media are their own guardians, open to no serious challenge.


    A)
    B)
    A)


  50. The Radio Act of 1927 established

    A)
    B)
    C)
    D)
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Perhaps the best examples of persuasive use of the press to advance a political agenda was the Federalist Papers.

    A)
    B)
    A)
  52. Gaining access, in the sense of "inside lobbying" is often achieved via large contributions by corporations, labor unions, & individuals to political candidates.

    A) True
    B) False
    A) True
  53. David Truman explains interest group activity as a reflection of Disturbance Theory, in which people organize to fight disturbing or threatening actions of other interest groups.

    A)
    B)
    A)
  54. Which of the following organizations has championed isues important to Latinos in the United States?
    A)
    B) COR
    C)
    D)
    C)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. _________ is an example of a "public interest" type group.

    A)
    B)
    C)
    D)
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)


  56. Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers Union were successful in their grape boycott because of Chavez's personal charisma, energy and dedication.
    A)
    B)
    A)
  57. What women's rights activist authored the Equal Rights Amendment?
    A)
    B)
    C)
    D)
    B)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)


  58. In his book "Democracy in America", Alexis Henry de Tocqueville characterized the United States as

    A)
    B)
    C)
    D)
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. Grassroots mobilization tactics include direct mail campaigns & outside lobbying.

    A)
    B)
    A)
  60. __________ is the belief that all people are equal, which often leads to collective action in defense of liberty.

    A)
    B)
    C)
    D)
    D)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. The large growth in the number of interest groups can be explained by the fact that our government has grown smaller since World War II.

    A)
    B)
    B)

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