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History Practice Test Part
Practice Test 1
The aging of the American population at the end of the twentieth century was primarily due to?
Fertility and mortality rates below their long-term average.
At the time President George Bush spoke of building "a new world order" in 1990-91, the most significant international situation confronting him was?
The rapid disintegration of Soviet control over Eastern Europe.
Which of the following best characterizes the methods of Martin Luther King, Jr?
Nonviolent defiance of segregation.
Which of the following best describes the agreement that ended the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis?
The Soviet Union agreed to withdraw its missiles from Cuba, and the United States agreed not invade Cuba.
The "new immigrants" coming to America from Eastern and Southern Europe during the late 19th century were most likely to?
Settle in large cities in the Northeast or Midwest.
Which of the following had the greatest effect in moving the United States toward participation in World War I?
Germany's declaration in 1917 of its intent to wage unrestricted submarine warfare.
The main idea of Theodore Roosevelt's proposed "New Nationalism" was to?
Make the federal government an instrument of domestic reform by regulating big business.
Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal program contained all of the following EXCEPT?
Support for the creation of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation.
The Haymarket Affair of 1886 involved?
A riot between striking workers and police.
Which of the following was a goal of the Populist movement?
Free coinage of silver.
Which of the following statements is true of the SALT I treaty of 1972?
It indicated U.S. acceptance of the concept of Mutual Assured Destruction.
All of the following were parts of Andrew Johnson's plan for Reconstruction EXCEPT?
Requiring payment of monetary reparations for the damage caused by the war.
Which of the following words best describes the spirit of American intellectuals in the 1920's?
In reaction to the arrest of U.S. sailors and a perceived insult to the U.S. flag and in order to hasten the downfall of Mexican leader Victoriano Huerta, in 1914 President Woodrow Wilson
Ordered the occupation of Mexico City by U.S. troops.
All of the following were part of Woodrow Wilson's 14 points EXCEPT?
A restoration of the balance of power.
Which of the following was among the objectives of Booker T. Washington?
To encourage blacks to work hard, acquire property, and prove they were worthy of their rights.
When President Andrew Johnson removed Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton without the approval of the Senate, contrary to the terms of the recently passed Tenure of Office Act, he
Was impeached and came within one vote of being removed from office.
By the Compromise of 1877 the Democrats agreed to allow the Republican candidate to become president in exchange for?
An end to Reconstruction.
Which of the following was passed into law during the presidency of Woodrow Wilson?
A progressive income tax.
At the Casablanca Conference in January 1943, President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill agreed
To demand unconditional surrender of the Axis powers.
The Farmers' Alliances of teh 1880's appealed primarily to?
Southern and Great Plains farmers frustrated with low crop prices and mired in the share-cropping and crop-lien systems.
During the period of Reconstruction, most of the states of the former Confederacy, in order to regain admission to the Union, were required to?
Ratify the 14th Amendment.
The primary function of the Food Administration during World War I was to?
oversee the production and allocation of foodstuffs to assure adequate supplies of the army and the Allies.
The purpose of the Truman Doctrine was to?
Aid countries that were the targets of Communist expansionism.
Government subsidies for the building of transcontinental railroads during the 19th century mainly took the form of?
Generous land grants along the railroad's right-of-way.
A member of the Social Gospel movement would probably?
Argue that Christians should work to reorganize the industrial system and bring about international peace.
In its decision in the case of
Pless v. Fergusion
, the Supreme Court held that?
Separate but equal facilities for different races were constitutional.
The Spanish-American War spurred the building of the Panama Canal by?
Demonstrating the need to shift naval forces quickly from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
Which of the following is true of W.E.B. Du Bois?
He helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
The primary underlying reason that Reconstruction ended in 1877 was that?
Northern voters had grown weary of the effort to reconstruct the South and generally lost interest.
The Marshall Plan was?
An American economic aid program for Europe.
All of the following statements are true of John Dewey EXCEPT?
He strove to strengthen the child's respect for parental and other traditional authorities.
Which of the following expresses the first policy taken by the federal government toward the Indians of the Great Plains?
Since the Great Plains are a desert anyway, the Indians may be allowed to keep the entire area.
George O'Keefe, Thomas Hart Benton, and Edward Hopper were all?
American painters of the 1920's.
The 1944 Dumbarton Oaks Conference involved primarily?
The formation of the United Nations.
What was the OVERALL U.S. unemployment rate during the worst periods of the depression?
Which battle was the turning point in the Pacific war between Japan and the U.S.?
The United States Supreme Court case of
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
was significant because it?
Ordered the desegration of the public schools, prohibiting the practice of segregation via "separate but equal" schools for blacks and whites.
One of the major effects of the industrial revolution of the late 19th century in the United States was?
An increased emphasis on speed rather than quality of work.
The American hostage crisis in Iran was precipitated by?
The American government allowing the deposed Shah of Iran to come to the United states for cancer treatment.
The thrust of Roosevelt's "Good Neighbor" policy was to?
Retreat from the military inverventionism and blatant economic domination, which had characterized previous American policy toward Latin America.
Reaganomics is most closely associated with?
The "trickley-down" theory
What proposal did President Woodrow Wilson make in 1918 that convinced the Germans they would be treated fairly if they surrendered?
The 14 Points
U.S. presidents between 1876 and 1900 are generally considered among the weakest in American history. A major reason for their reputation was that?
They considered themselves caretakers, not dynamic initiators of not dynamic initiators of new legislation.
In what way did the muckrakers contribute to the rise of Progressivism in the early years of the 20 century?
Their exposes of government and business corruption, abuse, and mismangement led to widely supported public demands for effective reform.
All of the following were characteristic of the 1920s EXCEPT?
Ku Klux Klan power and popularity.
All of the following "New Deal" agencies were created during the Great Depression to provide jobs for the unemployed EXCEPT the?
Farm Security Administration
The most important factor in the destruction of the Plains Indians' societies by whites in the late 19th century was?
The destruction of the buffalo herds by whites.
The sharecropping system in the South following Reconstruction had the effect of?
Pushing tenant farmers and poor independant farmers into deep levels of debt to large landowners and merchants.
The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 was aimed primarily at?
Curbing abusive pricing and hauling policies by the nation's railroads.