DIRECTIONAL TERMS

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Author:
dorian
ID:
59737
Filename:
DIRECTIONAL TERMS
Updated:
2011-01-14 01:46:08
Tags:
DIRECTIONAL TERMS
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Description:
LOCATION OF BODY STRUCTURES RELATIVE TO OTHER STRUCTURES
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  1. SUPERIOR
    • ABOVE
    • EX: THE HEAD IS SUPERIOR TO THE NECK
  2. INFERIOR
    • BELOW
    • EX: THE NECK IS INFERIOR TO THE HEAD
  3. ANTERIOR
    • CLOSER TO FRONT OF BODY
    • EX: THE LIPS ARE ANTERIOR TO THE TEETH
  4. POSTERIOR
    • CLOSER TO BACK BODY
    • EX: THE TEETH ARE POSTERIOR TO THE LIPS
  5. MEDIAL
    • CLOSER TO MIDLINE
    • EX: THE NOSE IS MEDIAL TO THE EYES
  6. LATERAL
    • FARTHER FROM MIDLINE
    • EX: THE EYES ARE LATERAL TO THE NOSE
  7. IPSILATERAL
    • ON SAME SIDE OF BODY
    • EX: THE RIGHT ARM AND THE RIGHT LEG ARE IPSILATERAL
  8. CONTRALATERAL
    • ON OPPOSITE SIDES OF BODY
    • EX: THE RIGHT ARM AND LEFT ARE ARE CONTRALATERAL
  9. PROXIMAL
    • NEARER TO POINT OF ATTACHMENT OF LIME TO TRUNK
    • EX: THE ELBOW IS PROXIMAL TO THE WRIST
  10. DISTAL
    • FARTHER FROM POINT OF ATTACHMENT OF LIMB TO TRUNK
    • EX: THE WRIST IS DISTAL TO THE ELBOW
  11. SUPERFICIAL
    • CLOSER TO SURFACE OF BODY
    • EX: THE SKIN IS SUPERFICIAL TO MUSCLES
  12. DEEP
    • FARTHER FROM SURFACE OF BODY
    • EX: THE MUSCLES ARE DEEP TO THE SKIN
  13. SUPINE
    LYING ON THE BACK FACE UP
  14. PRONE
    LYING ON THE BELLY FACE DOWN

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