Minerals

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Author:
Bobopudge
ID:
59795
Filename:
Minerals
Updated:
2011-01-14 10:42:18
Tags:
Bio Chem
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  1. What are minerals?
    • Inorganic atoms
    • Important for: enzyme function, structure, electrolyte balance
  2. Calcium: Function
    • Bone
    • Nerve impulse
    • Clotting
  3. Calcium: Deficiency
    Tetany
  4. Calcium: Toxicity
    • Confusion
    • Arrythmia
    • Life threatening calcitonin
  5. Phosphorous: Function
    • ATP
    • Phospholipids
    • DNA
    • Bone
  6. Phosphorous: Deficiency
    • Anorexia
    • Rickets
  7. Magnesium: Function
    Making macromolecules
  8. Magnesium: Deficiency
    hypocalcemia / hypokalemia
  9. Iron: Function
    O2 transport
  10. Iron: Deficiency
    Anemia
  11. Iron: Toxicity
    • Bronze diabetes
    • Pancreas
    • Kidney
    • Liver damage
    • Bacterial growth
  12. Sodium: Function
    • Osmotic balance
    • Neurotransmission
  13. Sodium: Deficiency
    Cerebral edema
  14. Sodium: Toxicity
    • Heart disease
    • Stroke
    • Blood pressure
  15. Iodine: Function
    Incorporated in TH
  16. Iodine: Deficiency
    Goiter
  17. Iodine: Toxicity
    Hyperthyroidism
  18. Zinc: Function
    Protein
  19. Zinc: Deficiency
    • Growth retardation
    • Sexual immaturity
    • ^Infection
  20. Zinc: Toxicity
    Copper deficiency

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