CJ Chapter 2 Vocabulary

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CJ Chapter 2 Vocabulary
2011-01-14 15:32:27
Criminal Justice Vocabulary

Criminal Justice Vocabulary
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  1. I don't know
    Hate Crimes
  2. An offense against persons or property that is committed primarily by members of the lower social classes. Often referred to as "street crime" or "ordinary crime," this type of offense is the one most upsetting to the public.
    Visible Crime
  3. A field of criminology that examines the role the victim plays in precipitating a criminal incident and the impact of crimes on victims.
  4. Annually published statistical summary of crimes reported to the police, based on voluntary reports to the FBI by local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies.
    Uniform Crime reports
  5. An act, usually done for ideological purposes, that constituates a threat against the state (such as treason, sedition, or espionage) or a criminal act by a state.
    Political Crime
  6. A framework for the perpetration of criminal acts - usually in fields, such as gambling, drugs, and prostitution - providing illegal services that are in great demand.
    Organized Crime
  7. Criminal offense committed through opportunities created in a legal business or occupation
    Occupational Crime
  8. Interviews of samples of the U.S. population conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics to determine the number and types of criminal victimization and thus the intent of unreported as well as reported crime
    National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)
  9. Offenses prohibited by law but not wrong in themselves
    Mala prohibita
  10. Offenses that are wrong by their very nature
    Mala in se
  11. Offenses that involve the use of one or more computers
  12. Offenses involving a willing and private exchange of illegal goods or services that are in strong demand. Participants do not feel they are being harmed, but these crimes are prosecuted on the ground that society as a whole is being harmed.
    Crimes without victims