Anatomy Chapter 05

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Author:
LaizyDaizy79
ID:
60322
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Anatomy Chapter 05
Updated:
2011-04-11 22:36:01
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Human Anatomy
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Description:
First Look, Part 1
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  1. What is the history of a word's origin?
    etymology
  2. From what two languages are the majority of anatomical terms derived?
    Greek & Latin
  3. What is the part of a word that contains its primary meaning?
    root word
  4. What was an affix attached to the beginning of a word, base, or phrase and serving to produce a derivative form?
    prefix
  5. What is an affix occurring at the end of a word, base, or phrase?
    suffix
  6. What is the plural form of a term ending in a?
    The plural is formed by adding an e
  7. What is the plural form of a term ending in itis?
    The plural is formed by changing the itis to itides
  8. What is the plural form of terms ending in on or um?
    The plural is formed by changing the on or um to a
  9. What is the plural form of terms ending in is?
    The plural is formed by changing the is to es
  10. What is the standard reference for anatomical terminology?
    Terminolgia Anatomica
  11. Despite the existence of a standard there is still considerable confusion in anatomical terminology. Why?
    • conversion of Latin names to English
    • tradition within specialties
    • variation of pronunciations
  12. As a science, what is anatomy?
    the study of biological structure
  13. What is microscopic anatomy?
    examines structures that cannot be observed by the unaided eye
  14. What is they study of cells?
    cytology
  15. What is the study of tissues?
    histology
  16. What is the study of biological structures that are visible to the unaided eye?
    gross anatomy
  17. What level of organization deals with particles making up the smallest units of an element?
    atomic level
  18. What level of organization deals with combinations of atoms?
    molecular level
  19. What level of organization deals with the basic structural and functional unit of life?
    cellular level
  20. What level of organization deals with aggregations of similar cells working together to perform a specific function?
    tissue level
  21. What level of organization deals with anatomical structures composed of at least two of the primary tissue types and performing specific functions?
    organ level
  22. What level or organization deals with organs working together to achieve a common function?
    organ system level
  23. What level of organization deals with individuals (living beings) of species?
    organismal level
  24. What level of organization deals with individuals of the same species capable of reproducing one another within a particular location?
    population
  25. What level of organization deals with interacting populations of various species within a particular location?
    community
  26. What level of organization deals with a community of organisms and its environment.
    ecosystem
  27. What term implies an actual cut or slice to expose the internal anatomy?
    section
  28. What term implies an imaginary flat surface passing through the body?
    plane
  29. What fundamental plane of reference passes lengthwise through the body and divides it into front and back portions?
    coronal plane
  30. What fundamental plane of reference divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions?
    transverse plane
  31. What fundamental plane of reference passes vertically through the body, dividing it into right and left portions?
    sagittal plane
  32. What plane passes lengthwise through the body dividing it into left and right halves?
    midsagittal plane
  33. What minor plane passes through the body or speciman at an angle?
    oblique plane
  34. What term of direction means in front of or toward the front surface?
    anterior
  35. What term of direction means in back of or toward the back surface?
    posterior
  36. What term of direction means at the backside of the human body?
    dorsal
  37. What term of direction means at the belly side of the human body?
    ventral
  38. What term of direction means toward the head or above?
    superior
  39. What term of direction means toward the feet?
    inferior
  40. What term of direction means at the rear or tail end?
    caudal
  41. What term of direction means at the head end?
    cranial
  42. What term of direction means toward the midline of the body?
    medial
  43. What term of direction means away from the midline of the body?
    lateral
  44. What term of direction means on the inside, underneath another structure, or deeper within the body?
    deep
  45. What term of direction means on the outside or closer to the surface?
    superficial
  46. What term of direction means closest to the point of attachment or point of origin or a central point?
    proximal
  47. What term of direction means farthest from the point of attachment or point of origin or a central point?
    distal

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