quiz #1 – seizure disorders

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BPT
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60337
Filename:
quiz #1 – seizure disorders
Updated:
2011-02-19 20:09:14
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clinical neurology
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seizure disorders
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  1. true or false – epilepsy is another term for seizure disorder
    true
  2. true or false – seizures are caused by one hyperactive vertical column that discharges the adjacent vertical columns
    true
  3. what does eleptogenesis mean?
    Epileptogenesis is a process by which a normal brain develops epilepsy, a chronic condition in which seizures occur.
  4. what is the difference between a seizure and epilepsy
    seizures – occur rarely and brain is normal

    Epilepsy – seizures occur regularly (there is probably some brain damage) and brain is diseased
  5. name some of the causes of seizures
    • genetic – one third of cases of epilepsy
    • infection/fever
    • trauma
    • stroke
    • neoplasms
    • degenerative disorder
    • metabolic
    • toxics agents
  6. true or false – meningitis is an example of infection
    true

    The infection can lead to scarring which can lead to disordered depolarization of the neurons
  7. true or false – Edward Kennedy suffered from seizures due to a neoplasm in the brain
    true
  8. true or false – withdrawal from alcohol or cocaine can cause a seizure
    true
  9. explain what a general seizure is
    the whole cortex is involved, the person will be unconscious, last several minutes, and possible jerking contractions
  10. a tonic clonic seizure is also known as a
    grand mal seizure
  11. explain what a tonic clonic seizure is
    it has an abrupt start, the patient will have no memory of the seizure, and the patient will have a post-ictal state
  12. what does post-ictal state mean
    the person will be out of sorts or in other words in the fog
  13. absence seizure is also known as
    petite mal
  14. explain what an absence seizure is
    • abrupt onset
    • unconscious
    • very still
    • no memory of the event
    • automatisms
    • occurs in adolescence
  15. what does automatism mean
    abnormal jesters or movements
  16. when are absence seizures usually diagnosed and how
    usually happens in adolescence, students who have bad grades, 10 seizures a day that last a few minutes with no memory of the seizures.
  17. atonic seizures are also known as
    drop attacks
  18. what are atonic seizures
    the patient will collapse suddenly, unconscious, and typically occurs in children

    The patient will often wear a helmet to protect the head
  19. what is status epilepticus
    seizure activity that does not stop and can be life-threatening
  20. what is a partial seizure?
    occurs in part of the cortex of the brain, the patient will be conscious, and the symptoms vary
  21. what is a simple partial seizure
    the seizures can occur at any age, no loss of consciousness, one symptom (focal motor, sensory changes, and mood, emotional changes)

    • Focal motor – abnormal movements
    • sensory change – smell or vision – see or smell things that aren't there
    • mood changes – suddenly sad or fearful
  22. what is another name for complex partial seizure
    psycho motor seizure
  23. name the signs and symptoms of complex partial seizure
    • can occur at any age
    • aura
    • consciousness altered
    • May hallucinate
    • affective reactions
    • automatisms
  24. true or false – a person who suffers from complex partial seizures usually knows that a seizure is going to happen
    true
  25. one reason an elderly person might develop seizures as they grow older is because
    electrolyte imbalance – as people get older they drink less and their electrolytes become imbalanced which causes abnormal depolarization in the nerves
  26. true or false – a person who suffers from epilepsy will have their drivers license revoked for 10 years
    false – a person with epilepsy will usually have their drivers license revoked for five years
  27. what is the treatment for epilepsy
    • driver license revoked for five years
    • avoid hazardous occupations and activities
    • anticonvulsants
    • avoid alcohol, fatigue, certain stimuli
    • healthy diet

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