Card Set Information
important po eople places events concepts terms
AM History I. Midterm
Federalist leader who become president of the US
British Prime Minister during the French and Indian war who persuaded parliment to raise taxes and burrow money to fight the war
King George III
British Monarch during the American Revolution
Prime Minister of Great Britian who ignored the colonists intrests and believed the colonies should pay some of the costs for their own defense
invention of the printing press put books into circulation creating a printing revolution
Bostonian who led the sons of liberty
Prince Henry the Navigator
ruler who initiated Portugals exploration and developed a school to train sailors
Warned the colonists from Boston to Philidelphia before the battles of Lexington and Concord
during the American Revolution
leader of the Green Mountain Boys who defeated the british at Fort Tichonderoga
British general who won at the Battle of Bunker Hill
one of Washingtons top generals who becam Secratary of War
British General who was victorious during the Battle of Long Island with the help of the Hessians
American spy who was caught by the British and executed for treason
Dutch & British explorer who discovered the Hudson Bay
British explorer who saved the colony of Jamestown with his leadership
Prime minister who founded the colony of Conecticut during the 1630's
founder of New Hampshire who disagreed with Puritan religios matters
director of the Dutch colony of New Netherlands
colony practiced religious toleration while welcoming non-quakers and living peacefully with Native Americans
Founder of Georgia who wanted a haven for people who were in prison in England who couldn't pay their debt
King James II of England
created the dominion of New England in 1686 and abolished the colonial legislatures
leader of the great awakening and minister form Northampton, Massachusetts
lawyer from Massachusettes was the main organizer of the Stamp Act Congress
Warned American colonists from Boston to Cambridge that the British were invading
writer of the declaration of independence and secratary of state
British general who lost the battles of Trenton & and Yorktown to George Washington
British General who was defeated at the Battle of Saratoga
American general who was victorious at the Battle of Saratoga
Frederich Von Stueben
German General who trained the Americans during the American Revolution
George Rogers Clark
American General who captured the British forts in illinois and Indiana
36 year old bachelor from Virginia who is known as "the father of the constition"
Member of the Nationalists who later became Secratary of Treasury
Massachusetts farmer who led a rebellion because of high taxes
creator of the Virginia Plan who who became the Attorney General
creator of the New Jersey Plan
first vice president of the United States
Italian sailor who landed in Newfoundland, Canada
Sir Francis Drake
most famous British privateer who was the first British sailor to circumnavigate the glove and reach San Francisco
traded tobacco with europe while living in Jamestown
governer of Plymouth colony
founder of Providence after being banished from Massachusetts
banished from MAsssachusetts during the Salem Witch Trials
Duke of York
acquired or conquered Ny and NJ
converted catholic who came to Maryland
Ruler of England until 1659
American Diplomat who was greatly invloved in our independence
an era of creativity and rapid change that began in Italy
private army which was formed in 1676 to fight the Native Americans invading their lands
Salem Witch Trials
trials that were held to determine if the accused townspeople were really witches
When James II was dethroned and William of Orange and Mary became rulers
religious movement led by Jonathan Edwards
French and Indian War
war fought between the British and the French along with their Native American Allies
Albany Plan of Union
Colonial legislatures rejected it after legislatures approved it
Battle of Quebec
colonial victory during the French and Indian War led by James Wolfe
Native American uprising that destroyed every British fort West of of the Applacians except Detroit and Pitt
Stamp Act Congress
occuring during 1765 in New York with delegates form nine colonies
Boston Tea Party
December 16, 1773 colonists dressed as indians boarded three ships and trew the Tea in the Boston Harbor
Battle of Bunker Hill
Brisitch Victory after three attempt by General Gage
Battle of Saratoga
American Victory that was the turning point of the Revolution
grew out of protest against strong government under Articles of Confederation
Development of Education
Three colleges emerged; Harvad, Yale, and William and Mary
Treaty of Paris (1763)
-recieved present day Canada
-All lands east of the Mississippi
(except New Orleans)
-Returned Cuba to Spain in exchange
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine
Declaration of Independence
2. Declaration of Rights
3. List of Complaints against the King
4. Resolution of independence
Treaty of Paris (1783)
Six Major Provisions of the Treaty:
Great Britain recognized the independence of the United States.
Northern border between the U.S. and British Canada was set from New England to the Mississippi River.
The Mississippi River was established as a border between the U.S. and Spanish territory.
Florida was returned to Spain by England.
Great Britain agreed to withdraw its remaining troops from U.S. territory.
Congress pledged to recommend to the states that the rights and property of American Loyalists be restored and no future actions would be takes against them.
Called for a bicameral (two house), national legislature. Each state would send representatives in proportion to the population.
New Jersey Plan
Give Congress the power to tax & to regulate foreign & state commerce.It would create executive & judicial branches.It would give every state an equal vote in a unicameral Congress.
3/5's of a states slave population would be counted when determining representation
President of the United States (qualifications)
• Be a natural born citizen
• Be at least 35 years old.
• Been a permanent resident in the United States for at least 14 years.
House of Representatives (qualifications)
• Must be at least 25 years old.
• Must be a citizen for the past 7 years.
• Must be an inhabitant of the he/she state represents
• Must be at least 30 years old.
• Must be a citizen for at least the past 9 years.
• Must be an inhabitant of the state he/she represents
colonial fort built by George Washington in western Pennsylvania.
location of two battles, one in the French & Indian War and second in American Revolution.
Persons placed under a legal contract to work for another person in exchange for learning a trade
is a book containing information such as calendars, weather predictions, wise sayings, and advice.
a type of plant used in making blue dye for cloth.
able to make everything needed to maintain itself.
trip in which the African slaves were brought to America from Africa.
people who enter a new country to settle.
difference of opinion or belief
armed citizens who serve as soldiers during an emergency.
Sons of Liberty
Groups that began to pop up all around the colonies boycotting British goods.
rights that belong to them simply because they are human, not because kings or government granted them these rights.
an area of land settled by immigrants who continue to be ruled by their parent country.
German soldiers who fought for pay.
selling scarce items at unreasonably higher prices.
love of country
a plan of government that describes the different parts of the government and their duties and powers.
privately owned ship hired by a government to attack enemy ships
Federal system of government
a system in which power is shared among state and national authorities.
form of government with a governor appointed by the king.
a group that is concerned only with its own interests
trade between the Americas, Europe and Africa
official swearing-in ceremony
officials to head the major departments of the executive branch.
country’s internal matters, as opposed to foreign issues.
term of office
is an act or statement that becomes an example, rule, or tradition to be followed.
revolt against a superior authority.
traveling from place to place; or on a circuit.
revolt against the Catholic Church that began in 1517.
a refusal to buy certain products or use certain services as an act of protest
18th century European movement that emphasized science and reason as keys to improving society.
large farming operations that produced crops not for their own but for sale.
Rule of Law
public officials must make decisions based on the law, not on their own personal wishes.
people who remained loyal to Great Britain
cut off from outside contact
a steady increase in prices over time.
One branch of government (Congress) responsible for making the laws
a government by the people
a government run by the people through their elected representatives.
separation of powers
Each branch has its own area of authority, but no one branch has complete power over the government.
a colony granted by a king or queen to an individual or group who had full governing rights.
Great Britain’s policy in the early 1700s of not interfering in the American colonies’ politics and economy as long as such neglect served British economic interests.
Bill of Rights
first 10 amendments of the Constitution
certificate of permission from the king.
gold or silver coin
a company funded and run by a group of investors who share the company’s profits and losses.
to disallow an act of a state legislature.
House of Burgesses
name given to the Virginia legislature because the representatives were called burgesses
executes or puts into action, the laws passed by Congress.
person who had to work for a master for a period of time, usually seven years.
made up of the courts & judges who interpret & apply the laws in cases brought before them
house of Jewish worship on the North American continent
a colony granted by a king or queen to an individual or group who had full governing rights.
members of a Protestant group that had suffered persecution in England
safe place for people of every faith
group of electors
approve it, to become law.
those who favored the Constitution
checks and balances
Gives each branch the power to stop, the other branches in certain ways.
form of government where a certificate of permission has to be given by a government.
those who opposed the Constitution
men and women wealthy enough to hire others to do work for them