World Civ. Chp. 3 & 4: Far East

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World Civ. Chp. 3 & 4: Far East
2011-01-17 19:28:50
World Civ Chp Far east

World Civ. Chp. 3 & 4 and shit Far East
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  1. Siddharta Gautama
    A reformer who found a new religion: Buddhism. He was in search of life without death or suffering. Over time he became known as Buddha, the "Enlightened One."
  2. Moksha
    Union with brahman (the belief that the universe is part of an unchanging, all-powerful spiritual force)
  3. Subcontinent
    A large landmass that juts out from a continent.
  4. Caste
    Social groups in which people are born into and cannot be changed.
  5. The Untouchables
    The lowest ranked outcastes that were so unpure and lowly that they couldn't be considered touched.
  6. Mystics
    People who devote their life to finding spiritual truth.
  7. Clan
    Group of families with a common ancestor.
  8. Brahman/Brahma
    The single spiritual power that resides in living things.
  9. Brahmins
  10. Atman
    A person's essential self.
  11. Dharma
    The religious and moral duties of an individual.
  12. Karma
    All the actions of a person's life that affects his or her fate in the next life.
  13. Shiva
    One of the most important Hindu gods; Shiva was call the Destroyer. His wife is Shakti.
  14. The Ramayana
    A book that recounts the fantastic deeds of the daring hero Rama and his bride Sita. Sita is kidnapped by the demon king Ravana. The rest of the story tells how he got her back with the help of the monkey general Hanuman.
  15. Stupa
    Large dome-shaped shrines that housed the sacred remains of the Buddha or other holy people.
  16. Confucius
    Confucius, a brilliant scholar, developed a philosophy that was concerned with worldly goals, especially how to ensure social order and good government.
  17. The Analects
    A collection of verses recorded by Confucius's followers long after his death.
  18. Nirvana
    Union with the universe and release from the cycle of rebirth.
  19. Tripitaka
    "Three Baskets of Wisdom." After Confucius's death, his followers collected his teachings into a sacred text called Tripitaka.
  20. Chandragupta Maurya
    Chandragupta first gained power in the Ganges Valley; He then conquered northern India. His son and grandson pushed south, adding more to the Maurya Empire/dynasty.
  21. Asoka
    Chandragupta's grandson. Became emperor; fought a long, bloody war to conquer the Deccan region of Kalinga.
  22. The Gupta Dynasty
    United much of India. Under this rule, India enjoyed a golden age. There was peace and prosperity, advances in learning, architecture, had magnificent carvings, paintings at Ajanta, and many fine writers who added to the rich heritage of Indian literature.
  23. the Symbol for Eternity
    A circle.
  24. Jainism
    The teacher Mahavira founded this new religion that formed from Hindu traditions. Jain teachings emphasized meditation, self-denial, and an extreme form of ahimsa
  25. The Silk Road
    A trade route that would link China to the west. Eventually it stretched for 4,000 miles from China to the Fetile Crescent in southwestern Asia.
  26. Hanfeizi
    The founder of Legalism; according to him "the nature of man is evil. His goodness is acquired." Greed was the motive for most actions and the cause of most conflicts. He insisted that the only way to achieve order was to pass strict laws and impose harsh punishments.
  27. Shi Huangdi
    Emperor Shi Huangdi was determined to end the divisions that had splintered Zhou China. Abolished feudalism in China.
  28. Daoism
    Daoism: The Unspoken Way. Sought to live in harmony with nature; rejected strife and conflict.
  29. Lui Bang
    As emperor, he took the name Gao Zu and set about restoring order and justice to his empire, the Han dynasty.
  30. The Mandate of Heaven
    Divine right to rule.
  31. The Great Wall
    Hundreds of thousands worked to build this ajoined brick wall 25 ft. high. It demonstrated the ruler's ability to mobolize the vast resources of China. It became a symbol to the Chinese: dividing and protecting their civilized world from the nomadic, or wandering, bands of the world.