Cognitive Science Q1

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afdrummond
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60376
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Cognitive Science Q1
Updated:
2011-01-29 19:21:56
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Psychology Cognitive Science Faust psyc3216
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Module 1 - What is cognitive science?
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  1. ARTIFICIAL
    INTELLIGENCE
    The field that addresses the question of whether machines can show truly "intelligent" behavior
  2. BEHAVIORAL
    LEVEL OF DESCRIPTION
    Analysis of an information processor's competence at a task
  3. COGNITIVE
    ARCHITECTURE
    The fixed structure or "hardware" underlying intelligent behavior
  4. COGNITIVE
    LEVEL OF DESCRIPTION
    Analysis of the algorithms or other strategies used by an information processor
  5. COGNITIVE
    SCIENCE
    The science of intelligent systems; the interdisciplinary scientific study of mind
  6. COGNITIVELY
    IMPENETRABLE
    Unable to be caused to change function simply through changes in goals or knowledge states
  7. DEEP
    STRUCTURE
    The meaning embodied by words, phrases or sentences
  8. DOMAIN
    SPECIFIC
    Performing a particular set of operations on a limited set of stimuli (input)
  9. EMPIRICISM
    The belief that knowledge is attained through experience of the natural world
  10. FORMAL
    PROCEDURE
    A process that operates directly on symbols, without reference to the underlying meaning
  11. G FACTOR
    A single, general mental ability once assumed to underly all intelligent behaviors
  12. GRAMMAR
    A set of rules for how language is used
  13. INFORMATION
    PROCESSING
    An approach to cognition which views thinking as a process of symbol manipulation
  14. INFORMATIONALLY
    ENCAPSULATED
    Restricted to one's own knowledge base
  15. INTERDISCIPLINARY
    Involving cooperation among various fields, including the sharing of information and methodologies
  16. INTROSPECTION
    Process of thinking aloud as one completes a mental task
  17. MODULE
    A mental subsystem that is assumed to be domain specific and informationally encapsulated
  18. PARALLEL
    PROCESSING
    Processing that takes place simultaneously, rather than one thing at a time (sequential)
  19. PHYSICAL
    LEVEL OF DESCRIPTION
    Analysis of the implementation of cognitive processes within a physical medium such as a set of circuits or a biological system
  20. SEMANTIC
    Pertaining to meaning
  21. Which of the following is NOT a major contributing discipline to the field of cognitive science?
    A. psychology
    B. chemistry
    C. philosophy
    D. computer science
    B. chemistry
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Cognitive science was "born" in the
    a.
    1800s
    b. 1950s
    c. 1980s
    d. last three years
    b. 1950s
  23. Cognitive science is the study of
    a.
    the mind
    b. intelligence
    c. intelligent systems
    d. all of the above
    d. all of the above
  24. The information processing approach
    views thinking as a process of
    a. inguistic translation
    b. symbol manipulation
    c. visual imagery
    d. problem solving
    b. symbol manipulation
  25. When an intelligent system processes several pieces of information simultaneously, we say that ____ has occurred.
    a. parallel processing
    b. sequential processing
    c. simultaneous computation
    d. artificial intelligence
    a. parallel processing
  26. Noam Chomsky is known for
    a. inventing the technique of introspection to
    study cognition
    b. studying the effects of brain damage on cognition
    c. adding the study of "deep structure" to
    linguistics
    d. addressing the question of machine intelligence
    c. adding the study of "deep structure" to linguistics
  27. Plato believed that
    a. all knowledge comes from experience
    b. there is no such thing as truth
    c. we must trust our perceptions as valid sources of truth
    d. much knowledge is actually innate
    d. much knowledge is actually innate
  28. One of the first scientists to address
    the question of machine intelligence was
    a. Alan Turing
    b. William James
    c. Noam Chomsky
    d. Carl Sagan
    a. Alan Turing
  29. Which of the following statements is NOT
    an assumption of cognitive science?
    a. All thought is a kind of calculation.
    b. Information processes are meaningful.
    c. Individual differences are of central interest to cognitive science.
    d. Cognitive science is a basic science.
    c. Individual differences are of central interest to cognitive science.
  30. A formal procedure operates on
    a. meanings
    b. symbols
    c. words
    d. images
    b. symbols
  31. Most cognitive science problems can be
    studied with
    a. reaction time measures.
    b. computer models of cognition.
    c. introspection.
    d. a variety of research methods.
    d. a variety of research methods.
  32. Your score on this practice quiz is an
    example of the ____ level of description.
    a. behavioral
    b. cognitive
    c. physical
    d. biological
    a. behavioral
  33. A cognitive architecture is assumed to be
    a. cognitively penetrable
    b. innate
    c. easily changed through experience
    d. under your voluntary control
    b. innate
  34. Spearman believed in a single general
    mental ability called the ___ factor.
    a. IQ
    b. i
    c. g
    d. m
    c. g
  35. Mental modules are assumed to be
    a. domain specific
    b. informationally encapsulated
    c. cognitively penetrable
    d. domain specific AND informationally encapsulated
    d. domain specific AND informationally encapsulated

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