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a relatively enduring change in the potential to engage in particular behavior resulting from experience wieht environmental events specifically related to that behavior.
A variable that the experimenter can change
A variable that is the outcome of the experiment
Example: behabiro is lever-pressing, counting each lever press
Problems in the environment that can cause involuntary alteration of the experiment.
2 groups of subjects
experimental and control
the group that receives the training in procedures of interest
the group that is treated identically to the experimental group in all other ways other than the procedure of interest.
Learning happened if the two groups behave differently
Behaviorism: he can rear any child into what ever he wants.
The training process
Time 1 (T1)
The post-training test
Testing reactions and behaviors
Time 2 (T2)
Physics story example:
You and roommate taking physics you get a B in your hard class and your roommate gets an A in their easy class. The grade does not reflect the knowledge learned.
Experiments with rats are general to human behavior and relative to most other species.
the simplest unit of unconditioned behavior
collection of reflexes organized together
Sequence of behavior responses
Stimuli that evokes a response
Exp. Hawk flying and a small animal moves down below
The stickle back mating ritual
Human sign stimuli
- Smile and wave greeting
- eyebrow rase
Supra-normal sign stimuli
hearing full chicks peck at the red spot on their parent's beak.
The more helpless the features the more sign stimulus to induce protection.
- infancy and youth.
- Head large in proportion to the body
- Protruding forehead large in proportion to the size of the rest of the face.
- Small nose
- Round protruding heeks
One stimulus is what?
two stimuli or more are associated together.
show up together
Hapituation falls under what type of stimulus
If your response goes down
Exp. wearing clothes; you do not notice them during the day.
If your response goes up.
Exp. A girl constantly clearing her throat in a quiet library. 1st no one is annoyed, 20th time people are pissed.
Pairing two stiumulus associated together
Exp. The Office: Computer sound paired with mint
Behavioral response (operant) --> consequence
to gain a response
Exp. Get all A's in school and get a reward.
the base line that will stay constant after decrease/increase.
not being able to detect after a while
Model Action Pattern - voluntary