What did Hippocrates propose was the purpose of the brain?
brain was the seat of intelligence, involved in sensation
Aristotle's view of the brain
heart was the center of intellect, brain cooled blood
Gall's view of the function of the brain
Bell believed the bumps on the skull corresponded with personality
Flourens view of the brain?
cerebrum and cerebellum have different functions
What were the 4 key insights into the brain during the 1800s?
nerves are like fibers
evoltion of the nervous system
What experiments suggested that nerves function as wires??
Galvani shocked corpses and showed that muscles can be twitched and that the brain can generate electricity
How did Paul Broca's work contribue to our understanding of brain function?
Broca's patient couldn't speak, after the disection, the brain was found to have a legion on an area necessary for speeh
Helped prove that parts of the brain do different things
What are the three main components of the nervous system?
How did the observations of Charles Darwin contribute to the study of the brain?
Observation of Darwin illustrated that evolution did occur and that humans were also animals. This opened the idea of an animal model, and that certain animals would have brain specialization for certain characterisitcs
What is the cell theory?
All living tissue is made up of cells
What are the most commonly attributed cognitive functions given to the frontal lobe?
What is the most commonly attributed function to the pariatial lobe?
What is the most commonly attributed function to the occipital lobe?
What is the most commonly attributed function to the temporal lobe?
Structures most associated with the diencephalon
thalmus and hypthalmus
Structures most associated with the metencephalon
pons and cerebellum
Structure most associated with the mylencephalon
Which brain structures are considered part of the brainstem?
mesencephalon, metecephalon, mylencephalon
What are the brain ventricles and what do they contain?
The lateral ventricals, and 3rd and 4th ventricles are filled with CSF
Brain region associated with the lateral ventricles
Brain regions associated with the third ventricle
thalmus and hypothalmus
Brain regions associated with the fourth ventricle
cerebellum, pons, medulla
tissue in the ventricles (lateral ventrical specifically) that is responsible for the production of CSF