sgu vet anatomy 1: chapter 1: joint types and synovial

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onaktan
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sgu vet anatomy 1: chapter 1: joint types and synovial
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2010-02-04 17:52:48
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sgu vet antaomy 1 chapter 1 vocab: joint types and synovial pg 79
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  1. joint classification of 2 bones making a joint
    simple joint
  2. joint classification of more then 2 boiens making a joint
    compound joint
  3. structural classification of a joint made up of fibrous tissue
    fibrous joint
  4. fibrous joint found in skull bones that are immovable
    suture
  5. sheet of fibrous connective tissue that are slightly moveable
    "ligamentous joint" (syndesmosis)
  6. fibrocartilage, hyaline cartalage, or both, as in a synchondrosis or a symphysis
    cartilaginous joint
  7. immovable, temporary joint; growth plate; immovable
    "hyaline cartilage joint" or synchondrosis
  8. on midline of body; joints between sternebrae; joints between fibrocartilaginous discs; slightly movable
    symphysis
  9. freely movable class of joints
    synovial joint
  10. type of joint are growth plates
    "hyaline cartilage joint" or synchondrosis
  11. type of joint for the teeth in the alveoli
    gomphosis
  12. synovial (diarthrodial) joints are characterized by
    joint capsule (fibrous layer and synovial membrane), articular cartilage, ligaments, joint cavity, synovial fluid
  13. a plate of fibrocartilage partially or completely dividing a joint cavity
    meniscus or disc synovial joints
  14. the attachments of all muscles
    tendons
  15. a sack-like structure containing synovial fluid located where part of a tendon rubs against a bone
    bursa, synovial bursa, bursa synovialis
  16. an elongated strucute similar to a bursa that wraps completely around a tendon making a tube, filled with synovial fluid
    synovial (tendon) sheath, vagina synovialis tendineum
  17. double, mesentary-like structure wherer the synovial sheath may touch along its length
    mesotendon (NOTE: not bold)
  18. joint movement that's multiaxial articulated having flat articular surfaces, allowing a simple gliding or sliding motion
    plane (arthrodial) joint
  19. joint movement that's multiaxial articulated consisting of a spheroidal head fitting into a pit or socket, allowing universal movement
    ball-and-socket (spheroidal) joint
  20. joint movement that's uniaxial allowing movement at right angles to the bones involved
    hinge (ginglymus) joint
  21. joint movement that's uniaxial allowing rotation around a longitudinal axis of a bone
    pivot (trochoid) joint
  22. joint movement that's uniaxial formed by two condyles of one bone fitting into concavities of another bone
    condylar joint
  23. a synovial joint movement that decrease angle between 2 bones
    flexion
  24. a synovial joint movement that increase angle between 2 bones
    extension
  25. a synovial joint movement that bends the spine
    dorsal and ventral flexion
  26. a synovial joint movement that moves a limb away from median plane/axis
    A-B-duction
  27. a synovial joint movement that moves a limb toward median plane/axis/body
    A-D-duction
  28. a synovial joint movement that forms a cone with flexion, abduction, extension and adduction
    circumduction
  29. a synovial joint movement that's around the long axis: radio-ulnar joints
    rotation
  30. a synovial joint movement that allows flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, circumduction, rotation
    universal
  31. a synovial joint movement that has the palmar side go upward or forward
    supination
  32. a synovial joint movement that has the palmar side go down or backward
    pronation

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