2nd 9 weeks Test Review
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What is the term for the theory that the sun is at the center and the earth revolves around the sun? Who developed this theory?
Who discovered the laws of planetary motion? What did this show about the orbits of planets?
- -Orbits were Eliptical
Who discovered the laws of gravity?
wrote "The Spirit of Laws"
Who was best known of the Enlightenment thinkers for stressing tolerance? How did this thinker impact religion?
- -Separation of Church & State
Who believed that a strong govt was needed to control people because people are violent and selfish in the state of nature? What was his book?
Who wrote "The Social Contract" and stated that men needed a direct democracy representing the General Will?
The artistic movement of the 1700's that BEST reflects the scientific rationalism of the enlightenment was
What were 3 characteristics of this art?
- 1. Public Events
- 2. Portraits
- 3. Literature- Modern Novel
Who was the most famous musician of the classicism movement? What form of writing developed during this time? What is an example?
- -Sebastian Bach
- -Don Quixote
What enlightenment innovations impacted trade?
- -All weather roads
Why was the storming of the Bastille important?
It was a symbolic act of revolution to the French people
The French Revolution was based on the ideals of the __________
The revolution ended with the rise of __________
The _________________ met to restore order to Europe
Congress Of Vienna
Monarchs who had lost their thrones during Napoleons rule were ______________________
restored to the throne
The leaders of the Congress of Vienna wanted to preserve existing institutions and traditions, which is called ____________.
The political philosophy that favors increasing personal freedom is ____________
During the 19th century, nationalism became a _____________ in European politics.
Nationalism grew because of national _________, econmic ____________, and __________ ideals.
The Congress of Vienna tried to stop the growth of new philosophies like _________ & _________
The system created by the Congress of Vienna caused ________ throughout Europe
The Europeans created a rigid social _________
Only ___________ could be viceroys or colonial officers.
Creoles were _________________________
2nd Blood related to Europe
Mestizos were _________________
______________ led the revolution in Haiti against the country of french
__________ led the revolution in Mexico against Spanish
Father Miguel Hidalgo
______________ led the northern South Americans against British
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