Quiz 2

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Author:
twntwo
ID:
60642
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Quiz 2
Updated:
2011-01-21 11:10:05
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Community
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Community Quiz 2
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  1. Devolution
    the process of shifting the responsibility for planning, delivering, and financing programs from the federal to the state level
  2. Descriptive vs. analytic epidemiology
    • descriptive: describes disease distribution and outcome; person/place, time
    • analytic: causes and determinants of disease
  3. Prevalence
    Measure of existing disease in a population at a particular time
  4. Incidence
    number of new cases during a certain period of time
  5. Web of causality
    there's a complex interrelationship of many factors that affect the risk of disease
  6. Ecological model
    causal relationship that treats determinants of health as interrelated and acting synergistically, instead of as discrete factors
  7. Reliability
    • consistency
    • repeatability
  8. Validity
    • accuracy of measure
    • does it measure what it's supposed to measure
  9. Sensitivity vs. specificity
    • sensitivity - does it identify people with the condition?
    • specificity - does it identify people without the condition?
  10. Descriptive epidemiology
  11. Prevalence calculation
    • P=IxD
    • prevalence = incidence rate x average duration
  12. 3 branches of government
    • executive - suggests, regulates policy
    • legislative - identifies problems, makes laws to address those problems
    • judicial - interprets laws and their meaning
  13. USDHHS pieces and parts
    • Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (formerly HCFA) - regulates Medicare and Medicaid
    • Health Resources and Services Administration
    • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    • National Institutes for Health
    • Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality - what works and what doesn't
    • Food and Drug Administration
  14. 5 health care functions of federal, state and local goverments
    • direct services
    • financing
    • information
    • policy setting
    • public protection

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