Humanities

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Author:
mariemantilla95
ID:
60749
Filename:
Humanities
Updated:
2011-01-19 15:15:22
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HUMANITIES KEY TERMS
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PEOPLES AND EMPIRES IN THE AMERICAS, EUROPEAN RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION, THE MUSLIM WORLD EXPANDS
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  1. POTLATCH
    An elaborate ceremony where families displayed their rank and prosperity and gave food, drink, and gifts to the community
  2. IROQUOIS LEAGUE
    A political alliance among tribes in upper New York. Their goal was to promote joint defense and cooperation
  3. POPOL VUH
    The most famous of the books telling of Maya history, which recounts the Highland Maya's version of the story of creation
  4. GLYPH
    A symbolic picture; especially one used as part of a writing system for carving messages in stone
  5. MONTEZUMA II
    He was crowned emperor in 1502 of the Aztecs and the empire began to get weak
  6. QUETZALCOATL
    "The Feathered Serpent", a peace god of the Toltecs created by the ruler Topitzin
  7. MITA
    In the Inca Empire, the requirement that all able-bodied subjects work for the state a certain number of days each year
  8. TIKAL
    A major city in northern Guatemala built by the Maya
  9. PACHACUTI
    A powerful and ambitious ruler who conquered all Peru and moved into neighbor lands in the Inca Empire
  10. TEOTIHUACAN
    First major civilization of Central Mexico
  11. RENAISSANCE
    French word for rebirth of the ancient culture and the revival of art and learning
  12. PERSPECTIVE
    Technique that renaissance painters used which shows 3D on a flat surface
  13. VERNACULAR
    The native or everyday language in a region
  14. INDULGENCE
    A pardon releasing a person from punishments due for a sin
  15. SECULAR
    Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
  16. HUMANISM
    Renaissance intelectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements
  17. PREDESTINATION
    The doctrine that God has decided all things beforehand, including which people will be eternity saved
  18. UTOPIA
    An imaginary land, or an ideal place
  19. PEACE OF AUGSBURG
    A 1555 agreement declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler
  20. COUCIL OF TRENT
    A meeting of Roman Catholic leaders, called by Pope Paul III to rule on doctrines criticized by the protestant reformers
  21. JOHANN GUTENBERG
    A craftsman from Mainz who developed a printing press
  22. SULEYMAN I
    A superb military leader who came to the throne in 1520, was called "the Lawgiver" and "the Magnificent." He had many cultural achievements
  23. DEVSHIRME
    A part of a policy or system in which the Ottomans turned Christian boys into Islam to join the army
  24. TIMUR THE LAME
    A rebellious warrior and conqueror from Samarikand who interrupted the expanison of the Ottoman Empire
  25. GHAZI
    A warrior for Islam
  26. JANISSARIES
    A member of an elite force of soldiers in the Ottoman Empire
  27. MUGHAL EMPIRE
    An empire founded by Babur in India. Mughals or mongols were the people who lived there
  28. SHAH ABBAS
    The Great. He took the throne in 1587. He was the greatest ruler of the Mughal Empire, promoted progress and cultural blending
  29. SAFAVID
    A Shi'ite Muslim dynasty that ruled in Persia between the 16th and 18th centuries
  30. OSMAN
    The most successful ghazi who built a small Muslim state in Anatolia, he had military success based on the use of gunpowder and cannons as weapons to attack
  31. ISMA'IL
    A 12 year old that began to seize most of what is now Iran and imposed Shi'a religion in the Safavid Empire

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