MHCC Chapter 3 Medical Terms

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MHCC Chapter 3 Medical Terms
2011-01-19 15:55:58
medical terms

Language of Medicine - Chapter 3
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  1. arthralgia
    Pain in a joint.
  2. otalgia
    Pain in the ear.
  3. neuralgia
    Pain of nerves.
  4. myalgia
    Pain of muscles.
  5. rectocele
    Hernia of the rectum.
  6. cystocele
    Hernia of the urinary bladder.
  7. thoracentesis
    Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest.
  8. amniocentesis
    Surgical puncture of the amnion.
  9. abdominocentesis
    Surgical puncture of the abdomen.
  10. streptococcus
    Berry-shaped (spheroidal) bacterium found in twisted chains.
  11. staphylococci
    Berry-shaped (spheroidal) bacteria in clusters.
  12. erythrocyte
    Red blood cell.
  13. leukocyte
    White blood cell.
  14. thrombocyte
    Clotting cell.
  15. pleurodynia
    Pain in the chest wall muscles that is aggravated by breathing (literally: pain ofthe pleura).
  16. laryngectomy
    Removal of the larynx.
  17. mastectomy
    Removal of a breast.
  18. anemia
    Decrease in erythrocytes or hemoglobin.
  19. ischemia
    To hold back blood from an area of the body.
  20. carcinogenesis
    Condition of producing cancer.
  21. pathogenesis
    Condition of producing disease.
  22. angiogenesis
    Formation of blood vessels.
  23. electroencephalogram
    Record of the electricity in the brain.
  24. myelogram
    Record (x-ray) of the spinal cord.
  25. mammogram
    Record (x-ray) of the breast.
  26. electroencephalograph
    Instrument for recording the electricity in the brain.
  27. electroencephalography
    Process of recording the electricity in the brain.
  28. angiography
    Process of recording (x-ray imaging) blood vessels.
  29. bronchitis
    Inflammation of the bronchi.
  30. tonsillitis
    Inflammation of the tonsils.
  31. thrombophlebitis
    Inflammation of a vein with clot formation.
  32. ophthalmology
    Study of the eye.
  33. morphology
    Study of shape or form.
  34. hemolysis
    Destruction of blood (breakdown of red blood cells with release of hemoglobin).
  35. osteomalacia
    Softening of bone.
  36. chondromalacia
    Softening of cartilage.
  37. acromegaly
    Enlargement of extremities.
  38. splenomegaly
    Enlargement of the spleen.
  39. myoma
    Tumor (benign) of muscle.
  40. myosarcoma
    Tumor (malignant) of muscle—a type of flesh (sarc/o) tissue.
  41. multiple myeloma
    Tumor (malignant) of bone marrow.
  42. hematoma
    Collection of blood; a bruise.
  43. biopsy
    To view life; microscopic examination of living tissue.
  44. necrosis
    Condition of death (of cells).
  45. necropsy
    Autopsy or postmortem examination.
  46. hydronephrosis
    Abnormal condition of water (found) in the kidney.
  47. leukocytosis
    Abnormal condition (slight increase in numbers) of normal white blood cells.
  48. cardiomyopathy
    Disease of heart muscle.
  49. erythropenia
    Deficiency of red blood cells.
  50. neutropenia
    Deficiency in neutrophils.
  51. thrombocytopenia
    Deficiency of clotting cells.
  52. acrophobia
    Fear of heights.
  53. agoraphobia
    Fear of being in open, crowded spaces (marketplace).
  54. achondroplasia
    No (improper) development of cartilage.
  55. angioplasty
    Surgical repair of blood vessels.
  56. blepharoptosis
    Prolapse, sagging of an eyelid.
  57. arteriosclerosis
    Hardening of arteries.
  58. laparoscope
    Instrument to visually examine the abdomen.
  59. laparoscopy
    Process of visual examination of the abdomen.
  60. metastasis
    Beyond control; spreading of a cancerous tumor.
  61. hemostasis
    Stopping the flow of blood (naturally by clotting or artificially by compression).
  62. colostomy
    New opening of the colon (to the outside of the body).
  63. tracheostomy
    New opening of the windpipe (to the outside of the body).
  64. hydrotherapy
    Treatment with water.
  65. chemotherapy
    Treatment with drugs.
  66. radiotherapy
    Treatment with x-rays.
  67. laparotomy
    Incision into the abdomen. Often referred to as a “lap,” this exploratoryprocedure is performed under general anesthesia.
  68. phlebotomy
    Incision of a vein.
  69. tracheotomy
    Incision of the trachea.
  70. hypertrophy
    • Excessive development.
    • Memory Tip: You can earn a trophy for a new stag in development!
  71. atrophy
    No development; wasting away of tissue.
  72. radiographer
    One who records x-rays; radiologic technologist—a professional who, underthe supervision of a physician, operates radiologic equipment and assistsradiologists.
  73. leukemia
    Condition of increase in white blood cells (malignancy).
  74. pneumonia
    Condition (abnormal) of lungs.
  75. nephrologis
    Specialist in the study of the kidney.
  76. arteriole
    Small artery.
  77. venule
    Small vein.
  78. pericardium
    Structure surrounding the heart.
  79. mucus
    Sticky secretion from mucous membrane.
  80. esophagus
    Muscular tube carrying food from the throat to the stomach.
  81. nephropathy
    Disease of the kidney.
  82. cardiac
    Pertaining to the heart.
  83. peritoneal
    Pertaining to the peritoneum.
  84. inguinal
    Pertaining to the groin.
  85. pleural
    Pertaining to the pleura.
  86. tonsillar
    Pertaining to tonsils.
  87. pulmonary
    Pertaining to the lungs.
  88. axillary
    Pertaining to the armpit.
  89. laryngeal
    Pertaining to the voice box.
  90. carcinogenic
    Pertaining to producing cancer.
  91. osteogenic
    Pertaining to produced within bone.
  92. chronic
    Long-term; over a long period.
  93. pathologic
    Pertaining to the study of disease.
  94. adenoids
    Collections of lymphatic tissue resembling (-oid) glands (-aden) in the throat,near the nose.
  95. mucoid
    Resembling mucus.
  96. adipose
    Pertaining to fat.
  97. mucous membrane
    A lining that secretes mucus.
  98. necrotic
    Pertaining to death (of cells).