Laws (no longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas.
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities.
Descriptive of a small geographic area that could not successfully be organized into one or more stable states because it was inhabited by many ethniticities with complex, long-standing antagonisms toward each other.
A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because of fear that persons of color will soon move into the neighborhood.
An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state.
Process in which a more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region.
Identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental traits as a product of common heredity and cultural traditions.
State that contains more than one ethnicity.
State that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.
Loyalty and devotion to a particular nationality.
Identity with a group of people that share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular place as a result of being born there.
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
Identity with a group of people descended from a common ancestor.
Belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race.