Dental Materials

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sthomp88
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60812
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Dental Materials
Updated:
2011-01-19 21:45:58
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Chapter one
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Week one
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  1. The science of dealing with the development, properties, manipulation, care, evolution, and evaluation of materials used in the treatment and prevention of dental diseases
    The study of dental materials
  2. ___ allied oral health practitioners must have a complete understanding of the potential hazards in the manipulation and disposal of materials and be _______ to handle them safely
    • ALL
    • trained
  3. What are the 3 material types that dental materials are classified as?
    • preventive
    • restorative
    • therapeutic
  4. Why does the knowledgeable allied oral health practitioner review products used and recommended by his or her office?
    to serve as a reliable source for the pt and the dentist
  5. What are the 4 reasons listed in the book to study dental materials?
    • safety
    • maintenance
    • delivery
    • patient education
  6. List the 5 places to learn about dental materials discussed in class.
    • Professional journals
    • dental materials manufacturers
    • mandufacturers representatives
    • interned
    • dental meetings
  7. What is the disadvantage of learning about dental materials from manufacturers and their reps?
    they are biased
  8. What is important to note about some of the speakers and dental meetings?
    they may be paid to speak to us
  9. Examination of mummies that show loss of teeth due to abscess and periodontal disease began to appear as early as ____________
    2500 BC
  10. Evidence of restorative dentistry (etruscans creating bridges of gold rings and natural teeth) does not exist until when?
    600-300 BC
  11. Who was considered the "father of modern dentistry"?
    Pierre Fuchard
  12. When was Peirre Fuchard's book the surgeon-dentist published?
    1728
  13. Pierre Fuchard devotes a portion of his book to what?
    dentures that achieved their retention by springs that joined the maxillary and mandibular arches together
  14. King Louis XVI bestowed upon a Parisian dentist an inventor's patent for porcelain teeth in what year?
    1788
  15. In what year did the Goodyear brothers gain a patent for rubber called Vulcanite; which remained the primary denture base material until World War II?
    1844
  16. In what year did G.V. Black (the father of operative dentistry) develop an acceptable amalgam formula?
    1895
  17. When were synthetic resins introduced? That soon replaced rubber as the denture base of choice.
    1932
  18. What year was the first community water fluoridation program brought about by Dr. Frederick McKay?
    1945
  19. When was the acid-etch technique for composite resin introduced?
    1955
  20. What does ADA stand for?
    American Dental Association
  21. What was the ADA awarded in 1931?
    The first "seal of acceptance" for 5 years
  22. The ADA council on scientific affairs and perform a _________ __________ review.
    • professional
    • products
  23. What 4 professional products do the ADA scientific council review for safety and effectiveness?
    • dental drugs
    • instruments
    • materials
    • equipment
  24. Who sets standards and specifications for the mechanical, physical, and chemical properties of dental materials to ensure quality?
    ADA Council on scientific affairs
  25. What does FDA stand for?
    food and drug administration
  26. The FDA ensures certain products meet certain standards of ________ and _______
    • safety
    • efficacy
  27. In 1976 the Medical device ammendment was signed; what did this do?
    gave the FDA regulatory authority over medical and dental devices (including dental materials)
  28. true or false. Only the dentist is responsible for understanding the potential hazards of dental materials.
    false
  29. Who is the Father of community water fluoridation?
    Dr. Frederick McKay
  30. Which regulatory agency is responsible for the safety and efficacy of dental materials?
    FDA

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