Psychology ch 1

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Psychology ch 1
2011-01-19 20:30:21

chapter 1
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  1. physiological
    • physical needs.
    • -sleep
    • -hunger
  2. cognative
    private, unobservable reasons
  3. psychology
    the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
  4. hypothesis
    an educated guess about some phenomenon
  5. theory
    a complex explination based on findings from a large number of experimnetal studies
  6. basic science
    the pursuit of knowledge about natural phenomena for its own sake
  7. applied science
    discovering ways to use scientific findings to accomplish practical goals
  8. scientific method
    a general approach to gathering information and answering and answering questions so that errors and biases are minimized
  9. structuralist
    a psychologist who studied the basic elements that make up concious mental experiences
  10. introspection
    a method of self-observation in which participants report their thoughts and feelings
  11. functionalist
    a psychologist who studied the function (rather than the structure) of consciousness
  12. psychoanalyst
    a psychologist who studies how unconcious motives and conflicts determin the human behavior, feelings, and thoughts
  13. behaviorist
    a psychologist who analyzes how organisms learn or modify their behavior based on their response to events in the environment
  14. humanist
    a psychologist who believes that each person has freedom in directing his or her future and achieving personal growth
  15. cognitivist
    a psychologist who studies how we process, store, retrieve, and use information and how thought processes influence our behavior
  16. psychobiologist
    a psychologist who studies how physical and chemical changes in our bodies influence our behavior