Medical term ch. 1-3

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Author:
carlee
ID:
61055
Filename:
Medical term ch. 1-3
Updated:
2011-01-20 22:48:13
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medical term
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Description:
review for chapters 1-3 quiz one
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  1. Etmology
    The study of the origin of words.
  2. Prefix
    word parts attached to the begining of a word that modifies the meaning
  3. Root words
    main part of aword, basic meaning.
  4. Combining forums
    The word root and a combining vowel that connects the word (usually (o))
  5. Suffix
    The word parts attached to the end of the word that modifies the meaning.
  6. BODY CAVITIES
  7. Dorsal
    Back side of the body

    • --> consists of
    • a) cranial cavity
    • b) spinal cavity
  8. Ventral
    Front side of the body seperated by the diaphragm into the thoracic cavity and abominal cavity
  9. DIRECTIONAL TERMS
  10. Superior
    top/above
  11. Inferior
    below
  12. Anterior
    front
  13. Posterior
    back
  14. Medial
    middle

    (torso)
  15. Lateral
    side
  16. BODY PLANES
  17. Supine
    laying face up

    (spine down)
  18. Prone
    laying face down

    (spine up)
  19. Superficial
    skin level
  20. Deep
    below skin level
  21. Proximal
    closer to the center
  22. Distal
    away from

    [distant]
  23. Frontal
    • divied body in to anterior and posterior
    • / \
    • front back
  24. Sagittal
    • lateral position
    • \
    • (side) left and right
  25. Medial -or- Midsagittal
    divides body into left and right halfs
  26. Transverse
    divides body into upper and lower sections
  27. REGIONS OF THE BODY
  28. Epigastric region
    above the stomach
  29. Umbilical region
    surrounding the umbilicus
  30. Hypogastric
    below the stomach
  31. right/left hypochondriac region
    under/below ribs
  32. right/left lumbar region
    near waist
  33. right/left inguinal (iliac) region
    groin area

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