Geography - Canada

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
61100
Filename:
Geography - Canada
Updated:
2011-01-21 09:17:54
Tags:
Canada
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Description:
Regions of Canada
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  1. Regions of Canada
    • *Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories
    • *these are divided into 4 regions
    • 1) The Eastern Provinces
    • 2) The Heartland
    • 3) The Western Provinces
    • 4) The Canadian North
  2. The Eastern Provinces
    • *includes 4 provinces
    • 1) Newfoundland
    • 2) Prince Edward Island
    • 3) Nova Scotia
    • 4) New Brunswick
    • *all border the Atlantic Ocean
    • *also known as the Maritimes - borders on or related to the sea
    • *many bays and inlets are on the coasts
    • *only contains 5% of Canada's land and 10% of its population
    • *great fishing found on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland and Nova Scotia
    • *this is also Canada's poorest area
  3. The Heartland
    • *includes 2 provinces
    • 1) Quebec
    • 2) Ontario
    • *this is the core of Canada's population and economic activity
    • *Quebec is the largest province by area
    • *Toronto and Ottawa are both in Ontario
    • *Ontario has very good farmland
    • *many locks connect the Great Lakes to the St. Lawrence River, and ultimately to the Atlantic Ocean
    • *3 different landscapes make up this region
    • 1) Canadian Shield
    • *poor soil, rich minerals
    • 2) Hudson Bay Lowlands
    • *few people, swampy area
    • 3) St. Lawrence Lowlands
    • *good soil and climate
    • *60% of Canada's population lives here
  4. The Western Provinces
    • *includes 4 provinces
    • 1) Alberta
    • 2) Manitoba
    • 3) Saskatchewan
    • 4) British Columbia
    • *many wheat fields populate this region
    • *major cities include: Winnipeg, Edmonton, Calgary, Vancouver
    • *farming and tourism are the main economic activities
    • *recent oil discoveries are also helping
  5. British Columbia
    • *Canada's westernmost province
    • *most people live near Vancouver
    • *Canada's wealthiest province
    • *many Canadian's retire here
  6. The Canadian North
    • *includes 3 territories
    • 1) Yukon Territory
    • 2) Northwest Territories
    • 3) Nunavut
    • *covers 40% of Canada
    • *contains less than 1% of Canada's population
    • *very barren land
    • *many people are natives, called Inuits
  7. Searching For a National Identity
    • *two ethnic groups dominate Canada's population
    • 1) British
    • 2) French
    • *many people still have strong ties to their homeland
    • *French and English explorers fought over Canada for the fur trade
    • *British gained sole control in 1763
    • *Canada gained complete independence in 1931
    • *many French moved to Quebec
    • *some French-Canadians favor seperation and tried to secede in 1995
    • *the people voted it down narrowly
  8. Canada Today
    • *Canada is rich in natural resources such as fish, minerals, and lumber
    • *one of the world's leading mineral producers
    • *titanium, zinc, iron ore, gold, coal
    • *U.S. and Canada border is the longest undefended border in the world (5000+ miles)
    • *travelers must pay customs on goods brought between the countries
    • *U.S. and Canada trade often
    • *Canada has nationalized health care

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