nutra 1

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twinklemuse
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nutra 1
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2011-02-24 18:17:56
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unit 1, 2
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  1. Benefits of fiber
    • 1. laxative
    • 2. anti-cancer
    • 3. prevent cholesterol absorption
    • 4. slow absorption of glucose (good for diabetics)
  2. Two kinds of fiber
    • water soluble
    • water insoluble
  3. What is pectin? Where is it found?
    • Water soluble fiber
    • In fruits - meat of apple, orange peel
  4. What is psyllium? Where is it found?
    • Water soluble fiber
    • Metamucil(R)
  5. What is another name for water insoluble fiber?
    cellulose
  6. Where is water insoluble fiber found?
    • Veggies!!!
    • You can also take Bran(R)
  7. Can you have the words "prevention", "treatment" and "diagnosis" on food and dietary supplements?
    • No
    • By law, these are for drugs and drug-containing preparations.
  8. Definition of nutraceutical
    • Nutrition + Pharmaceutical
    • food, dietary supplement, medical food, chemical compounds, product isolated or purified from foods
    • also diet supplement that delivers a concentrated form of a biologically active component of a food in a non-food matrix
    • to promote health and protect against and reduce the risk of disease
    • medicinal properties
  9. Which of these are NOT chemical compounds?
    - vitamin, mineral, herbals, neurotransmitters, hormones, functional food, animal products
    • herbals
    • functional food
  10. What is a "non-food matrix"?
    component has been taken out from the food and given in a different form (i.e. capsule, tablet etc.)
  11. Definition of Functional Food (FF)
    • a regular food item or something looking like a food item, readily availble in local stores and containing components capable of providing physiological or medical benefits above and beyond their basic nutritional functions
    • can be fresh or a processed food
  12. Benefits of soy proteins and isoflavones
    • for digestive health
    • lower cholesterol
    • fight off cancer
  13. Benefits of psyllium fiber
    for colon health
  14. Benefit of omega 3 fatty acid
    for cardiovascular health
  15. Benefit of probiotics
    for gastrointestinal health
  16. Benefit of lycopene
    • antioxidant
    • (from tomato!)
  17. Benefit of calcium and magnesium
    for bone and joint health
  18. Benefit of garlic
    for the heart
  19. Benefit of saw palmetto
    prostate
  20. Benefit of green tea
    fight cancer
  21. Benefit of black cohosh
    women's health
  22. Benefit of glucosamine
    bone health
  23. What are the THREE types of Functional Food?
    • 1) FOOD ITEMS intrinsically containing nutritional compounds which proven beneficial effects
    • 2) Food items to which bioactive compounds are added above the amount that is already present in the food item (FORTIFICATION) to achieve a particular purpose
    • 3) Engineered functional foods (or MAN MADE products)
  24. Carrots contain ____.
    carotenoids
  25. What is carotein good for? What is the mechanism in the body?
    • Beta caroteins are good for the eyes
    • caroteinoid is metabolized into vitamin A in the body
  26. Garlic contains ___
    sulfur compounds
  27. Benefits of sulfur compounds
    • Lower BP (5-10%)
    • Lower cholesterol mildly
    • Lower glucose mildly
    • Antioxidant
  28. Oats and cereals contain ___.
    beta glucan
  29. What is beta glucan?
    • this is FIBER
    • contains both kinds of fiber
  30. Benefits of beta glucan
    lower cholesterol
  31. benefits of soya flour
    • protein!
    • (however contains some cholesterol as well)
  32. Fish oils contain ____
    omega 3 fatty acid
  33. Benefit of omega 3 fatty acid
    • lower blood triglyceride (however does not really lower cholesterol)
    • lower BP mildly by relaxing blood vessels
  34. Omega 3 fatty acids come from the cod fish oil. T or F?
    • False
    • comes from the flesh of fish
  35. fruits contain ___
    flavonoids
  36. Benefits of flavonoids?
    • Antioxidant!
    • (contained in the peel of fruits so eat the whole apple)
  37. Tofu contains ____.
    • isoflavones
    • protein
    • calcium
    • soybean protein
  38. Benefits of isoflavones
    • lower BP
    • fight cancer (controversial)
  39. Mechanism of the process of tofu
    soy bean -[lime]-> coagulated protein
  40. Where does calcium component of tofu comes from?
    • Lime
    • soy bean is treated with lime, which is calcium hydroxide
  41. Where does protein component of tofu come from?
    after soybean is treated with lime, it becomes coagulated PROTEIN
  42. Benefits of soybean protein
    • lower cholesterol
    • (good substitute for meat, so if taking a meat-less hamburger, check soybean protein in the label)
  43. What is the FDA recommended daily amount of soybean protein to lower cholesterol?
    25g per day
  44. Olive oil contains ____.
    PUFAs
  45. Benefit of olive oil? Example of olive oil diet?
    • lower cholesterol
    • Mediterranean diet
  46. PUFA stands for ____.
    polyunsaturated fatty acid
  47. Red wine contains ___
    resveratrol
  48. Benefit of resveratrol
    • lower cholesterol
    • antiplatelet (prevent coagulation -> prevent heart attack)
    • antioxidant
    • vasodilation
  49. Resveratrol is associated with ____ paradox
    French
  50. mlik is usually fortified with ____
    vitamin D
  51. importance of vitamin D
    • promote growth in children
    • benefit for women and bones
    • without vitamin D, calcium cannot go into bones
  52. orange juice is fortified with ___
    calcium
  53. What is WaterAID? What does it contain?
    • Engineered functional food
    • fruit punch, ginseng extract, fortified with vitamins and minerals
  54. What is RedBull? What does it contain?
    • Engineered functional food
    • caffeine and taurine
  55. What is taurine?
    sulfonic acid (amino acid that is found in the body)
  56. For whom is taurine used?
    • alcoholism
    • diabetes
  57. what is the mechanism of taurine?
    It enters brain to have GABA effect to bring you down
  58. What should you be careful in PowerBar?
    has a lot of starch and fats (~200 cal per bar)
  59. Power bar is an example of _____ food.
    engineered functional food
  60. Gatorade is an example of _____ food.
    engineered functional
  61. What is the purpose of Gatorade?
    • hydration
    • electrolyte replenish
  62. what does high corn syrup contain?
    • fructose
    • glucose
  63. High oleic canola oil is an example of ___
    fat
  64. Inulin is a ____.
    soluble fiber
  65. Why is it impotant to state "made on equipment that also prrocesses WHEAT"?
    • wheat has protein called GLUTEN
    • this is of concern for those with CELIAC DISEASE
  66. Polyphenol is a/an _____.
    Where is it found?
    • antioxidant
    • apple
  67. Anthocyanine is a/an ___.
    Where is it found?
    • antioxidant
    • blackberry
  68. Theaflavin is a/an ___.
    Where is it found?
    • antioxidant
    • black tea
  69. Cereal bran has a lot of ___ and ____.
    • fiber
    • phenolic acid
  70. Benefit of dark chocolate
    • prevent atherosclerosis
    • lower BP
    • antioxidant (EPICATECIN)
  71. Epicatecin is a/an ____.
    Where is it found?
    • antioxidant
    • dark chocolate
  72. Are functional foods truly beneficial?
    YES
  73. Benefits of functional food
    • claimed health benefits
    • quicker way to attain health benefits than by eating regular food
    • convenient for lifestyle
    • cheaper than conventional medications
    • can be used as a complement or alternative to other health products
  74. Is functional food regulated by the government?
    • NO
    • rely on manufacturer
  75. Can you rely on functional food only?
    • NO
    • should not replace the main food because FF is INCOMPLETE
    • use as additive
  76. what toxicity can overdose of vitamin B6 cause? What is its chemical name? What are the clinical outcomes?
    • nerve toxicity because this water soluble vitamin can destroy myelin sheath
    • also stimulate adrenal gland
    • yellow urine, gait (funny walk)
    • pyridoxine
  77. Which two water insoluble vitamins can cause overconsumption toxicity? Why?
    • vitamin A and D
    • they stay in the body for long time so if you take too much, you get sick
  78. ALL nutraceuticals and medical foods are regulated as ___ in the US.
    • FOOD
    • NOT as dietary supplements or drugs
  79. FDA definition of Medical Food (MF)
    FOod that is formulated to be consumed or administered enterally under the supervision of a QUALIFIED MEDICAL PROVIDER and and which is inteded for the SPECIFIC DIETARY MANAGEMENT OF A DISEASE OR HEALTH CONDITION for which distinctive nutritional requirements, based on recognized scientific principles, are established by medical evaluation
  80. What is the ROUTE of medical food?
    Enteral!
  81. Medical food is also know as ___ diets.
    • therapeutic
    • (TD)
  82. Medical food is available via OTC. T or F?
    • FALSE
    • only by prescription
  83. Should medical food prove efficacy?
    Yes
  84. Should medical food undergo premarket review or approval by the FDA?
    • NO
    • it is not a drug
  85. Does medical food need to be registered with the FDA?
    NO
  86. Medical food is regulated by _____.
    • Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
    • MF need to comply to good manufacturing and control processing practices and are open to investigation in the event of adverse effects
  87. Medical food is covered by insurance. T or F?
    • True
    • Medical Foods Equity Act of 2010
    • Medicare, Medicaid, CHIP, TRICARE (military), Employee Retirement
    • Income Security Act (ERISA), Public Health Service Act, Internal
    • Revenue Code
  88. Medical food insurance requires ___ to determine the minimum yearly coverage for all health insurance plans
    Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS)
  89. CHIP of the Social Security Act (state insurance for children) includes coverage of these medical foods and situation...
    • 1) medically necessary food and food modified to be low protein
    • 2) pharmacological doses of vitamins and amino acids used for the treatment of inborn errors of metabolism
  90. Medical food should be given under supervision of a qualified medical provider. T or F
    T (FDA definition)
  91. Medical food should be intended for the specific dietary management of a disease or health condition. T or F?
    T (FDA definition)
  92. FDA does not consider medical food as regular food item. T or F
    • false
    • it is considered as regular food
  93. An accurate statement of the net quantity of the contents (amount of product present) MUST be on the label of MFs. T or F
    True
  94. Name and address of the manufacturer, packer or distributor do not necessarily have to be on the label for MFs. T or F?
    • F
    • These are required
  95. Complete list on ingredients in ascending order of predominance (from least to most abundant) should be on the MF label. T or F
    • F
    • DESCENDING
    • (from most to least abundant)
  96. MF label must have every ingredients on the label. T or F
    T
  97. Name of sources for ingredeints that may be allergenic to humans (i.e. milk, egg, fish with name, crustacean shellfish with name, tree nuts with name, wheat, peanut, soybeans) should be on the MF label. T or F
    True
  98. MF label does not need to have the indication of the specific medical disorder or condition to be managed. T or F
    • F
    • Must have the indication listed.
  99. MF includes all types of food fed to sick people. T or F
    • F
    • FDA requirement does not need to include all types
  100. MF should include naturally occurring foods as well. T or F
    • F
    • FDA only requires formulated and processed food
  101. MF must be a food for oral or tube feeding. T or F
    • T
    • enteral
  102. MF must be labeled for the management of a specific medical disorder, disease or condition for which there are distinctive nutritional requirements. T or F
    T
  103. MF does not need to be used under medical supervision. T or F
    • F
    • FDA requires that MF is used under medical supervision
  104. FDA requirement for MF (know this well)
    for patients with a limited or impaired capacity to ingest, digest, absorb or metabolize ordinary foodstuffs or certain nutrients; or with special medically determined nutrient requirements which cannot be achieved by the modification of the normal diet alone.
  105. Complex carbohydrates are used for ____. Why?
    • diabetics
    • these are large polysaccharides, so they break down to glucose more slowly. glucose level in blood can controlled.
  106. High fiber content is used for ___ patients. Why?
    • diabetic
    • fiber slows or blocks absorption of glucose in intestine, thus keeping glucose as low as possible.
  107. Highly branched amino acid compounds (HBCs) are used for ____. Why?
    • renal disease, chronic or acute renal failure
    • compared to non-HBCs, HBCs have less tendency to convert to ammonia, thus less tendency to produce urea that may accumulate in the blood.
  108. What is the mechanism of non-highly branched amino acid problem in renal failure patients?
    • Non HBC is metabolized to become NH3 (ammonia gas) in blood. Ammonia goes through the urea cycle in the liver to become urea and is renally excreted.
    • In renal failure, kidneys are blocked so urine level increases in blood.
    • This is AZOTEMIA.
  109. What is the dietary source of urine/urea/ammonia?
    protein
  110. What should a renally impaired person do to avoid azotemia?
    • consume less protein
    • take highly branched amino acid, instead of non-HBCs.
  111. What are the three highly branched amino acid compounds (HBC)?
    • leucine
    • isoleucine
    • valine
  112. Predigested macronutrients (i.e. lipid) and altered type or quantity of fat are used for _____.
    • inflammatory bowel disease with malabsorption problem (Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis)
    • spastic bowel syndrome
    • radiation enteritis
  113. Why are those enriched with specific amino acids and fortified with high levels of vitamins are used for immunocompromised patients?
    • Amino acids are used by tissues to make antibodies. Vitamin is used as cofactor to this conversion.
    • Patient can resist infection.
  114. What happens if phenylketonuria (PKU) patient takes phenylalanine?
    phenylalanine (i.e. in milk, outside food) cannot be metabolized so it accumulates in the brain to cause mental retardation and damage.
  115. Equal sugar contains ____ so it should not be consumed by ___ patients.
    • phenylalanine
    • PKU
  116. It was recently found that gamma-linolenic acid and EPA (omega 3 fatty acid) may benefit _____.
    allergic condition
  117. Can gamma linoleic acid given in a noninstitutionalized setting?
    Yes
  118. DSHEA defines that dietary supplement does not have to be taken by mouth. T or F
    • F
    • by mouth
  119. DSHEA defines that dietary supplement should contain DIETARY INGREDIENT intended to SUPPLEMENT THE DIET.
    T
  120. Vitamin is a dietary ingredient. T or F
    T
  121. Mineral is a dietary ingredient. T or F
    T
  122. Herb and botanical are NOT dietary ingredient. T or F
    False
  123. Amino acid is not a dietary ingredient. T or F
    F
  124. Substances intended to supplement the diet by increasing the total dietary intake are dietary ingredients. T or F
    T
  125. Enzymes are NOT dietary ingredient. T or F
    • F
    • Substances intended to supplement the diet by increasing the total dietary intake are dietary ingredients
    • i.e. pancrease
  126. Tissues from organs and glands are NOT dietary ingredients. T or F
    • F
    • Substances intended to supplement the diet by increasing the total dietary intake are dietary ingredients
    • i.e. for thyroid gland
  127. A metabolite is a dietary supplement. T or F
    T
  128. A concetnrate or an extract is a dietary supplement. T or F
    T
  129. Does every supplement need to be labeled a "DS" according to DSHEA?
    Yes
  130. DSHEA recognizes DSs as ___, not as drugs.
    foods
  131. New dietary supplement (NDS) is a product that meets the definition of a DS but which contains a "new dietary ingredient" that was not sold in the USA before ____.
    10/15/1994
  132. The manufacturer (and distributor) of product must demonstrate to the FDA that the new dietary ingredient is ___for use in a DS, unless it is recognized as a ___ and is present in the ___.
    • safe
    • food
    • food
  133. There is still authoritative list of dietary ingredients marketed before 10/15/1994. T or F
    • F
    • NO authoritative list
  134. It is the responsibility of ____ to determine if the dietary ingredeint is "new".
    1) FDA
    2) DSHEA
    3) manufacturer
    3) manufacturer
  135. According to DSHEA, manufacturer and FDA are both responsible for the safey of a DS that is manufactured before it is marketed in the US. T or F
    • F
    • ONLY the manufacturer
    • government has no responsibility
  136. Can FDA government take any action against any unsafe DS after it is marketed?
    • Yes.
    • all DS are treated as food.
  137. Manufacturers need to register their products with the FDA nor get the FDA approval before producing or selling DS. T or F
    • F
    • do NOT need to register the products in general
  138. Manufacturers must make sure that the product label information is neither false or misleading. T or F
    True
  139. How is FDA involved with dietary supplement?
    postmarketing monitoring for safety (adverse effects), labeling, claim, package inserts and accompanying literature
  140. Why does FDA bother monitoring dietary supplement?
    FDA wants to ensure that "drug" or "drug related" statements on the dietary supplement product.
  141. Effectiveness of the DS product is required. T or F
    F
  142. Safety of the DS product is required. T or F
    T
  143. ___ of DS product is required but ____ is not required.
    • safety
    • effectiveness

    ***This is for NEW dietary supplement only.
  144. can we say that a difference exists between a nutraceutical and a dietary supplement in terms the definitions presented?
    a definition of nutraceutical includes all - functional food, medicinal food, dietary supplement, food.
  145. Safety of DS is required for DS that was manufacturerd before 10/15/1994. T or F
    F
  146. Superfood: A special category of ____ (natural/synthetic) foods, ___ (high/low) in calories and loaded with specific health relevant components.
    • natural
    • low
  147. What are the exceptions of superfood because of its high caloric content?
    • salmon
    • nuts
  148. Barley is a type of ___
    a) sprout
    b) seed
    c) nuts
    d) powder
    e) vegetable
    seed and sprout
  149. Buckwheat is a type of ___
    a) sprout
    b) seed
    c) nuts
    d) powder
    e) vegetable
    seed
  150. Edamame is a type of ____. It is a whole ___.
    a) sprout
    b) seed
    c) nuts
    d) powder
    e) vegetable
    • seed
    • soybean
  151. quinoa is a type of ___.
    a) sprout b) seed c) nuts d) powder e) vegetable
    seed
  152. Swiss chard is a type of ____.
    a) sprout b) seed c) nuts d) powder e) vegetable
    vegetable
  153. Bee pollen is a pollen mixed with ___.
    bee nectar
  154. Kefir is a fermented ___. It's sparkling and sour.
    milk
  155. Cactus is rich in ___ and ___.
    • vitamin
    • mineral
  156. Maca is a type of ___.
    a) sprout b) seed c) nuts d) powder e) vegetable
    powder
  157. Almonds contain ___ and ___. Also has more ___ fiber than ___ fiber.
    • vitamin E
    • phytosterol
    • insoluble than soluble
  158. Which lipid does almond lower?
    a) cholesterol b) LDL c) triglyceride d) increase HDL
    • cholesterol
    • LDL
  159. Almond affect ___.
    a) BP b) glucose c) blood vessel d) antioxidant e) general health
    glucose
  160. Barley contains ___ fiber.
    soluble fiber
  161. Which lipid does barley affect?
    a) cholesterol b) LDL c) triglyceride d) increase HDL
    • cholesterol
    • LDL
  162. Barley affect ___
    a) BP b) glucose c) blood vessel d) antioxidant e) general health
    glucose
  163. Beans contain ___, ___, ___, and ___.
    They contain electrolytes ___ and ___.
    • antioxidant
    • folate
    • insoluble fiber
    • protein
    • Mg and K
  164. Antioxidant, Mg, K and folate of beans help ___
    a) BP b) glucose c) blood vessel d) antioxidant e) general health
    BP
  165. Insoluble fiber and protein of beans affect ____.
    a) cholesterol b) LDL c) triglyceride d) increase HDL
    lower cholesterol
  166. Beans affect ___
    a) BP b) glucose c) blood vessel d) antioxidant e) general health
    glucose
  167. Bluberries and cherries have ___, ___ and ___.
    They have more ___ fiber than ___ fiber.
    • anthocyanine
    • vitamins
    • minerals
    • insoluble than soluble
  168. How do blueberries and cherries benefit?
    a) BP b) glucose c) blood vessel d) antioxidant e) general health
    • antioxidant
    • blood vessel protection
    • general health
  169. Broccoli has __ fiber and vitamins _, _ and _.
    • insoluble
    • A, C, K
  170. Broccoli is good for ____.
    general health
  171. Carrots have ___ and ___
    They have more __ fiber than __ fiber.
    • beta carotene
    • potassium succinate
    • insoluble than soluble
  172. How do potassium succinate in carrots benefit you?
    a) BP b) glucose c) blood vessel
    lower BP
  173. Insoluble fibers in carrot affect ___.
    a) cholesterol b) LDL c) triglyceride d) increase HDL
    a) BP b) glucose c) blood vessel
    • lower cholesterol
    • lower glucose
  174. Edamame contains ___, ___ and ___.
    It has more __ fiber than __ fiber.
    • isoflavones
    • omega 3 PUFAs
    • protein
    • insoluble than soluble
  175. Edamame affect ___
    a) cholesterol b) LDL c) triglyceride d) increase HDL
    • cholesterol
    • triglyceride
  176. Omega 3 acid in fish affect ____
    a) cholesterol b) LDL c) triglyceride d) increase HDL
    triglyceride
  177. omega 3 acid ___ (inc/dec) inflammation.
    decrease
  178. Flaxseed has more __ fiber than __ fiber.
    It contains _____.
    • soluble than insoluble
    • alpha linoleic acid (ALA)
  179. Flaxseed affect ____.
    a) cholesterol b) LDL c) triglyceride d) increase HDL
    • cholesterol
    • LDL
    • triglyceride
  180. Quinoa contains ___. It has vitamin __.
    It contains ___ fiber.
    It has minerals such as __, __, __ and ___.
    • protein
    • vitamin E
    • soluble
    • Mg, Fe, Se, Zn
  181. ___ and vitamin __ in quinoa are _________.
    • Selenium
    • vitamin E
    • antioxidants
  182. Oats have ___ fiber. It affects ____.
    a) cholesterol b) LDL c) triglyceride d) increase HDL
    • soluble fiber
    • cholesterol
    • LDL
  183. Oats affect ___
    a) BP b) glucose c) blood vessel
    glucose
  184. Extra virgin type olive oil contains ____.
    It affects ____
    a) cholesterol b) LDL c) triglyceride d) increase HDL
    • omega 6 PUFA
    • cholesterol
    • LDL
  185. Olive oil (extra virgin) contains ___ and ___.
    • omega 6 PUFA
    • polyphenol
  186. Polyphenol protects ____ via its ___ effect.
    • vessels
    • antioxidant
  187. Oranges contain ___, vitamin __ and __, which is a ___ fiber.
    • flavonoid
    • vitamin C
    • soluble
  188. Oranges affect ____.
    a) cholesterol b) LDL c) triglyceride d) increase HDL
    lower cholesterol
  189. Oranges affect ___.
    a) BP b) glucose c) blood vessel
    all of the above
  190. Red wine contains __, ___ and ___.
    • resveratrol
    • flavvonoids
    • alcohol
  191. Red wine benefits ___.
    a) BP b) glucose c) blood vessel d) antioxidant e) general health
    • BP
    • antioxidant
    • blood vessel
    • also ANTIPLATELET

    a) BP b) glucose c) blood vessel d) antioxidant e) general health
  192. How does alcohol in red wine benefit you?
    increase HDL
  193. Spinach contains ___, ___, ___, and ___.
    vitamins __, __, and __
    minerals __, __, __, and__.
    more ___ fiber than __ fiber.
    • protein, folate, lutein, beta carotene
    • vitamins A, C, K
    • Mg, Fe, Mn, K
    • insoluble than soluble
  194. How does spinach benefit?
    a) BP b) glucose c) blood vessel d) antioxidant e) decrease cancer
    • BP, glucose (good for DM), antioxidant
    • decrease cancer
    • eye and heart disease
  195. Spinach helps with ___.
    a) cholesterol b) LDL c) triglyceride d) increase HDL
    cholesterol
  196. Swiss chard has ___, ___ and vitamin __.
    Also minerals __ and __.
    • fiber, carotene, vitamin A
    • Mg and K
  197. Walnuts affect___.
    a) cholesterol b) LDL c) triglyceride d) increase HDL
    • cholesterol
    • LDL
  198. Tofu affect ___.
    a) cholesterol b) LDL c) triglyceride d) increase HDL
    • cholesterol
    • triglyceride
  199. Walnuts contain ___ and __ fiber.
    • omega 3 MUFA
    • insoluble fiber
  200. Walnuts affect___.
    a) cholesterol b) LDL c) triglyceride d) increase HDL
    • cholesterol
    • LDL
  201. What is the generic of Limbrel(R)?
    flavocoxid
  202. What does flavocoxid contain?
    • flavonoids
    • citrated zinc bisglycinate
  203. Which flavonoids does Flavocoxid contain?
    • baicalin
    • catechin
  204. What is the purpose of citrated zinc in Flavocoxid?
    source of elemental zinc (10mg)
  205. Flavocoxid is indicated for ___ arthritis but not ___.
    • osteo
    • not rheumatoid
  206. What is the mechanism of action for Flavocoxid?
    • dual inhibition of archidonic acid metabolizing enzymes COX and lipoxygenase
    • also antioxidant effect in joints
  207. Flavocoxid is an example of ___.
    a) DS b) FF c) MF d) SF
    medical food
  208. Flavocoxid does not need a prescription. T or F
    • False
    • this is a medical food!
  209. Benefits of maca
    • great source of protein
    • aphrodisiac: sexual stamina increases
  210. Apple contains ___, ___, ___ and ___.
    minerals __, __, __, __ and __.
    • flavonoids, fiber, vitamins, carbohydrates
    • Fe, Ca, K, Mg, P
  211. Benefits of apple
    • may have anticarcinogenic
    • lower cholesterol
    • improve bowel function
  212. Bee pollen contains vitamins, minerals, ___, ____, ____, ____, ____, ___, ____, ____ and carotenes.
    • lipids, carbohydrates, proteins
    • amino acids
    • enzymes, coenzymes
    • lecithin
    • flavonoids
  213. Benefits of bee pollen?
    • nutrient
    • boost energy, vitality and endurance
    • slows aging (?)
    • relieves digestive disorder
    • brain nourishment
    • relieves asthma and allergy
    • boosts immunity
    • prevents cancer
  214. Bok choi contain vitamins __ and __. It also contains _____.
    • vitamins A and C
    • glucosinolate
  215. Benefits of bok choi
    • vitamin source
    • hypothyroidism
  216. Where do you get glucosinolate from? What is the benefit?
    bok choi
  217. Dark chocolate contains ___. What are the benefits?
    flavanol

    lower LDL, BP and prevent atherosclerosis
  218. Kiwi contains vitamins _, _ and _. It also has ____, ____, and mineral __.
    • A, C, E
    • flavonoids, B-carotene, K+
  219. Kiwi is great for ____, ____ and ____.
    • antioxidant effect
    • eye disorder
    • respiratory problem
  220. Pomegranate contains vitamins __ and __. It has ___, ____, ___, ___ and ___.
    • vitamins A and C
    • iron, polyphenol, anthocyanine, tannins, fiber
  221. Pomegranate is great for ___, protects against ___, ___, ___ and ___. It decreases ____, ____ and dental plaque formation.
    • antioxidant
    • cancer, alzheimer's, atherosclerosis, aging
    • LDL and BP
  222. Sweet potato contains ___, ___, ___ and ___. It has vitamins __ and ___. It has minerals __, __, __, ___, and ___.
    • fiber, beta carotene, anthocyanine, complex carbohydrates
    • vitamins A and C
    • P, Ca, Mg, Fe, K,
  223. Sweet potato is great to reduce ___, stimulate ___ and is a great ____.
    • reduce cholesterol
    • stimulate bowel movement
    • antioxidant
  224. You can combine conventional and alternative medicine to treat a patient. T or F
    • F
    • you use alternative medicine in place of conventional medition
  225. You can combine conventional and complementary medicine to treat a patient. T or F
    • T
    • unlike complementary medicine, alternative medicine is not used together with conventional
  226. Conventional medicine is focused on the cause rather than symptom. T or F
    • False
    • Conventional is focused on symptom. Alternative medicine is focused on cause.
  227. Conventional medicine is a ___ approach and alternative medicine is a ____ approach.
    (preventive versus management)
    • conventional: management
    • alternative: preventive
  228. What is an integrative medicine?
    the combined useof conventional and alternative medicine for which there is some high quality scientific evidence of safety and effectiveness
  229. What is phytomedicine?
    herbal medicine
  230. What is allopathic medicine?
    1) conventional 2) alternative 3) complementary 4) integrative
    conventional
  231. integrative medicine needs proven efficacy and safety.
    examples?
    ayurveda, yoga, biofeedback, acupuncture, herbal, TCM, osteopath, homeopath
  232. which are covered by insurance?
    • chiropractice
    • acupuncture
    • biofeedback
    • massage
    • naturopathy
    • osteopathy
  233. what is the big difference of holistic vs. conventional med?
    • holistic is individualized
    • conventional uses the same regimen
  234. two forms of energy in energy-based therapy
    • veritable: measurable, bioelectromagnetic based (mechanical, electromagnetic)
    • putative: no one knows, biofields (qi, dosha, prana, ki)
  235. what's kinesitherapy?
    • active passive movement therapy
    • involve hydrotherapy, breathing, massage, CV train, nutrition train, gym
  236. prolotherapy involves surgery?
    • no
    • it is permanent
    • tx of chronic pain

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