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gr
grain
weight
apothecary

℥
ounce
weight
apothecary

dr
dram
weight
apothecary

m, min
minim
volume
apothecary

℥ , f ℥
ounce, fluid ounce
volume
apothecary

pt
pint
volume
apothecary & household

qt
quart
volume
apothecary & household

gal
gallon
volume
apothecary & household


16 ounces=
1 pint
apothecary & household









convert dram 5 to mL
 (5 drams)(4 mL) = 20 mL
 1 (1 dram)

metric
length
weight
volume








Metric rules
#'s involving part of a unit are written as decimals (not fractions)

Apothecary rules
 measures are approximate
 roman & Arabic symbols both used
 use fractions, not decimals
 use arabic # for fraction except ss
 write quanity after abbreviation

metric measures
 kg  g  mg  mcg   L  mL
 <largestsmallest>
 <divide by 1000 or move decimal <000.
 >x by 1000 or move decimal .000>


teaspoon
tsp or t
household

tablespoon
Tbs, Tbsp, tbsp, T
household








household system
 same units for liquids & dry quantities
 amounts written in Arabic numeral & fractions (no decimals)
 # before abreviations


0.4 mg= ? apothecary
gr 1/150

100 mg = ? apothecary
gr iss


30 g = ? apothecary
? household


1 mL = ? apothecary
household



30 mL = ? apothecary
household

240 mL = ? apothecary
household



1 kg = ? household
2.2 lb

2.5 cm = ? household
1 in







h.s.
hour of sleep, at bedtime



n.p.o., NPO
nothing by mouth



p.r.n.
as needed, as necessary





q2h, q4h
every two hours, every four hours


q.o.d., qod
every other day


subcu, subq, sq
subcutaneous


stat, STAT
immediately, at once




Formula to change Farenheit to Celcius
^{o}F=1.8(^{0}C)+32

Formula to convert celcius to farenheit
^{0}C= ^{0}F32/1.8

Medication Rights
 right client
 right medication
 right dosage
 right route
 right time
 right documentation

