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area distinguished by color differentiation from adjacent tissue; flat (freckles).
small circumscribed lesion usually < 1cm in diameter elevated above surface of normal tissue
circumscribed elevated lesion > 5mm in diameter with serous fluid, looks like a blister
small elevated lesions < 1cm in diameter containing serous fluid
various sized round elevations containing pus
base of a lesion that is flat or broad instead of stem-like
attached by a stem-like or stalk base (mushroom).
segment or lobe that is a part of the whole
feeling of area with fingers. [soft, firm, semifirm, fluid filled
shortened or blunted and irregularly shaped.
paleness of skin or mucosa
cleft or groove showing prominent depth
wrinkled (tin roof)
resembles small, nipple-shaped projections or elevations found in clusters.
one compartment or unit that is well defined
lesion extending beyond the confines of one distinct area. Many lobes.“soap bubbles”
borders are specifically defined and can clearly see the exact
margins and extent.
ill defined or spread out.
(RL) lesion extending between roots (traumatic bone cyst).
Scalloping around the root
palpable solid lesion up to 1cm found in soft tissue
- above, level, or beneath skin
red ( erythematous) , white, pink
means a tumor of whatever the tissue is of the prefix
clinical appearance within soft tissue
soft tissue consistency
-appearance of lesion
- can establish based upon color, shape, location, and history
- Periapical pathosis (PAP)
- Internal/external resorption
- Normal radiographic landmarks
- Impacted teeth
Amelogenesis imperfecta and dentinogenesis imperfecta can be determined this way?
occurs in black women, 60's, asymptomatic, teth are vital and usually the anteriors are affected?
- periapical cemental dysplasia
elevated serum alkaline phosphatase level?
-use of biopsy specimen
-MAIN component of definitive dx
-histiologic conformation of clinical dx
[surgical dx example]
Rediolucency scalloping around roots
-lesion opened surgically – empty void of bone (fills in)
traumatic bone cyst
[surgical dx example]
-developmental anomaly – bilateral
-well – circumscribed
- entrapped salivary gland tissue
lingual mand. Bone concavity
AKA (Stafne’s bone cyst)
[surgical dx example]
aspiration of lesion
differentiation of vascular lesion
most commonly a fungal
-Nystatin – candidiasis
acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis?
-clinically distintive- raunchy/nasty
-responds to H2 O2
-sometines responts to ABC therapy-tetracycline
-Use of above procedures to determine FINAL diagnosis
- may use all parts or specific parts
Clusters of ectopic sebaceous glands
lips and buccal mucosa
palatal tori or maxillary
occur more commonly in women
located on lingual aspect of the mandible
pigment that gives color to skin, eyes, hair, mucosa, and ging
this variant is more common in Afro-Americans
-sessile nodule on gingival margin of the lingual aspect of mand.
-prominent veins located on ventral/lateral surfaces of tongue
-“white line” on buccal mucosa along occlusal plane
-prominent with bruxism or clenching
generalized opalescence of buccal mucosa (grayish-white)
most commonly in Afro-Americans
disappears when mucosa is stretched
thyroid tissue that has become entrapped in the tissues of the tongue
common in females –hormonal
located as a mass in midline of dorsal of tongue in the area of the foramen caecum
Lingual Thyroid Nodule
think its associated with vitamin deficiency or chronic trauma
deep grooves in dorsal of tongue
debris collects – brush tongue
flat or slightly raised oval or rectangular erythematous area in the midline of dorsal surface of tongue
devoid of filiform papillae
no specific tx
can resolve on its own
Median Rhomboid Glossitis
diffuse areas of desquamation of filiform papillae
* erythematous patches with well defined border of white or yellow
“Benign Migratory Glossits”
filiform papillae become elongted and appear white, yellow, black, or brown.
Causes: tobacco, chemical rinse (h2o2), alcohol, some foods.
short duration, arises quickly
movement of WBC's to area of injury
long duration, perists for a long time
passage of WBC’s through endothelial wall of small blood vessels
inflammatory fluid; serum proteins & leukocytes (pus)
of body temperature higher than 98.6 degrees F°
excess of blood in a part of the body
abnormal multiplication or increase in the number of normal cells
enlargement of tissue or organ due to an increase in the size of the cell, not the number
affects body as a whole
temporary increase in # of WBC’s circulating in the blood
confined or limited to a part
enlargement or swelling of a lymph node
occurs in the early stage of inflammation; WBC’s occupy the periphery of a blood vessel and adhere to endothelial cells lining the blood vessel
pathologic death of cells or portions of tissue
the adherence of WBC’s to the endothelial cells lining an injured blood vessel
located away from the center
ingestion and digestion of a foreign substance by cells (macrophages)
containing or forming pus
restoration of damaged or diseased tissue
having a fluid or watery consistency-relates to serum
localized swelling of tissue due to edema, accompanied by severe itching