Exam 1 Dixon

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Amynicole5
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61281
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Exam 1 Dixon
Updated:
2011-01-26 18:16:31
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dixon
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oral path
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  1. area distinguished by color differentiation from adjacent tissue; flat (freckles).
    Macule
  2. small circumscribed lesion usually < 1cm in diameter elevated above surface of normal tissue
    Papule
  3. circumscribed elevated lesion > 5mm in diameter with serous fluid, looks like a blister
    Bulla
  4. small elevated lesions < 1cm in diameter containing serous fluid
    Vesicle
  5. various sized round elevations containing pus
    Pustules
  6. base of a lesion that is flat or broad instead of stem-like
    Sessile
  7. attached by a stem-like or stalk base (mushroom).
    Pedunculated
  8. segment or lobe that is a part of the whole
    Lobule
  9. feeling of area with fingers. [soft, firm, semifirm, fluid filled
    Palpation
  10. shortened or blunted and irregularly shaped.
    Resorption
  11. paleness of skin or mucosa
    Pallor
  12. cleft or groove showing prominent depth
    Fissure
  13. wrinkled (tin roof)
    Corrugated
  14. resembles small, nipple-shaped projections or elevations found in clusters.
    Papillary
  15. one compartment or unit that is well defined
    Unilocular
  16. lesion extending beyond the confines of one distinct area. Many lobes.“soap bubbles”
    Multilocular
  17. borders are specifically defined and can clearly see the exact
    margins and extent.
    Well circumscribed
  18. ill defined or spread out.
    Diffuse
  19. (RL) lesion extending between roots (traumatic bone cyst).
    Scalloping around the root
  20. palpable solid lesion up to 1cm found in soft tissue
    - above, level, or beneath skin
    Nodule
  21. red ( erythematous) , white, pink
    Color
  22. mm or cm
    Size
  23. means a tumor of whatever the tissue is of the prefix
    oma
  24. clinical appearance within soft tissue
    bulla, lobe
  25. soft tissue consistency
    nodule
  26. surface texture
    corrugate, fissured
  27. -appearance of lesion
    - can establish based upon color, shape, location, and history
    clinical dx
  28. radiographic examples:
    • Periapical pathosis (PAP)
    • Internal/external resorption
    • Normal radiographic landmarks
    • Calculus
    • Caries
    • Odontomas
    • Impacted teeth
  29. Amelogenesis imperfecta and dentinogenesis imperfecta can be determined this way?
    Historical Dx
  30. occurs in black women, 60's, asymptomatic, teth are vital and usually the anteriors are affected?
    • periapical cemental dysplasia
    • (cementoma)
  31. elevated serum alkaline phosphatase level?
    • Paget's Disease
    • -lab dx
  32. -use of biopsy specimen
    -MAIN component of definitive dx
    -histiologic conformation of clinical dx
    Microscopic dx
  33. [surgical dx example]
    Rediolucency scalloping around roots
    -lesion opened surgically – empty void of bone (fills in)
    traumatic bone cyst
  34. [surgical dx example]
    -developmental anomaly – bilateral
    -well – circumscribed
    - entrapped salivary gland tissue
    lingual mand. Bone concavity

    AKA (Stafne’s bone cyst)
  35. [surgical dx example]
    aspiration of lesion
    differentiation of vascular lesion
  36. [Therapeutic dx]
    -B-complex deficiency
    most commonly a fungal
    -Nystatin – candidiasis
    angular cheiltis
  37. [Therapeutic dx]
    acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis?
    -clinically distintive- raunchy/nasty
    -responds to H2 O2
    -sometines responts to ABC therapy-tetracycline
    ANUG
  38. -Use of above procedures to determine FINAL diagnosis
    - may use all parts or specific parts
    -case study
    Diferential dx
  39. Clusters of ectopic sebaceous glands
    lips and buccal mucosa
    Fordyce Granules
  40. palatal tori or maxillary
    occur more commonly in women
    Torus palatinus
  41. located on lingual aspect of the mandible
    usually bilateral
    Mandibular Tori
  42. pigment that gives color to skin, eyes, hair, mucosa, and ging
    melanin
  43. this variant is more common in Afro-Americans
    Melanin Pigmentation
  44. -sessile nodule on gingival margin of the lingual aspect of mand.
    - canines
    Retrocuspid Papilla
  45. -prominent veins located on ventral/lateral surfaces of tongue
    -older individuals
    Lingual Varicosities
  46. -“white line” on buccal mucosa along occlusal plane
    -bilateral usually
    -prominent with bruxism or clenching
    Linea Alba
  47. generalized opalescence of buccal mucosa (grayish-white)
    most commonly in Afro-Americans
    disappears when mucosa is stretched
    Leukoedema
  48. thyroid tissue that has become entrapped in the tissues of the tongue
    common in females –hormonal
    located as a mass in midline of dorsal of tongue in the area of the foramen caecum
    Lingual Thyroid Nodule
  49. unknown cause
    think its associated with vitamin deficiency or chronic trauma
    deep grooves in dorsal of tongue
    debris collects – brush tongue
    Fisured Tounge
  50. flat or slightly raised oval or rectangular erythematous area in the midline of dorsal surface of tongue
    devoid of filiform papillae
    no specific tx
    can resolve on its own
    Median Rhomboid Glossitis
  51. diffuse areas of desquamation of filiform papillae
    * erythematous patches with well defined border of white or yellow
    “Benign Migratory Glossits”
    no treatment
    Geographic Tounge
  52. filiform papillae become elongted and appear white, yellow, black, or brown.
    Causes: tobacco, chemical rinse (h2o2), alcohol, some foods.
    Hairy tongue
  53. short duration, arises quickly
    acute
  54. within bone
    central
  55. movement of WBC's to area of injury
    chemotaxis
  56. long duration, perists for a long time
    chronic
  57. passage of WBC’s through endothelial wall of small blood vessels
    emigration
  58. redness
    erythema
  59. inflammatory fluid; serum proteins & leukocytes (pus)
    exudate
  60. of body temperature higher than 98.6 degrees F°
    fever
  61. excess of blood in a part of the body
    hyperemia
  62. abnormal multiplication or increase in the number of normal cells
    hyperplasia
  63. enlargement of tissue or organ due to an increase in the size of the cell, not the number
    hypertrophy
  64. affects body as a whole
    systemic
  65. temporary increase in # of WBC’s circulating in the blood
    leukocytosis
  66. confined or limited to a part
    local
  67. enlargement or swelling of a lymph node
    lymphadenopathy
  68. occurs in the early stage of inflammation; WBC’s occupy the periphery of a blood vessel and adhere to endothelial cells lining the blood vessel
    margination
  69. pathologic death of cells or portions of tissue
    necrosis
  70. the adherence of WBC’s to the endothelial cells lining an injured blood vessel
    pavementing
  71. located away from the center
    peripheral
  72. ingestion and digestion of a foreign substance by cells (macrophages)
    phagocytosis
  73. containing or forming pus
    purulent
  74. restoration of damaged or diseased tissue
    repair
  75. having a fluid or watery consistency-relates to serum
    serous
  76. localized swelling of tissue due to edema, accompanied by severe itching
    wheal

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